Information on Organism Citrobacter freundii

TaxTree of Organism Citrobacter freundii
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EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied Ec number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
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3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
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acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
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alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
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Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
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butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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chitin degradation to ethanol
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Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
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Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
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ethanol degradation I
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ethanol degradation II
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ethanol fermentation
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ethanolamine utilization
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Fatty acid degradation
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Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
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Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
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heterolactic fermentation
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L-isoleucine degradation II
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L-leucine degradation III
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L-methionine degradation III
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L-phenylalanine degradation III
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L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
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L-tyrosine degradation III
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L-valine degradation II
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leucine metabolism
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Metabolic pathways
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Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
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methionine metabolism
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Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
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mixed acid fermentation
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Naphthalene degradation
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noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
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phenylalanine metabolism
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phenylethanol biosynthesis
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phytol degradation
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propanol degradation
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
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pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
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Retinol metabolism
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salidroside biosynthesis
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serotonin degradation
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superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
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Tyrosine metabolism
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tyrosine metabolism
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valine metabolism
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degradation of sugar alcohols
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glycerol degradation II
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glycerol degradation V
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Glycerolipid metabolism
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Propanoate metabolism
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(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
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Bifidobacterium shunt
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Cysteine and methionine metabolism
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L-lactaldehyde degradation
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lactate fermentation
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pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
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Pyruvate metabolism
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superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation
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alanine metabolism
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L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
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vancomycin resistance I
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
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gluconeogenesis
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gluconeogenesis I
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L-carnitine degradation III
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L-malate degradation II
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Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
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Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
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citric acid cycle
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ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered)
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Glutathione metabolism
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L-glutamine biosynthesis III
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methylaspartate cycle
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NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast)
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partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
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reductive TCA cycle I
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TCA cycle I (prokaryotic)
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TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase)
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TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase)
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TCA cycle VI (Helicobacter)
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TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers)
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C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
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isoleucine metabolism
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Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
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Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
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UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannuronate biosynthesis
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UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminuronate biosynthesis
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glycerol degradation III
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allopregnanolone biosynthesis
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bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway
Folate biosynthesis
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Steroid hormone biosynthesis
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testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione
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formaldehyde oxidation
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formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
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Methane metabolism
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protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
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(1'S,5'S)-averufin biosynthesis
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Aflatoxin biosynthesis
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Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
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ascorbate metabolism
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Galactose metabolism
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2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA
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Lysine degradation
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Tryptophan metabolism
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vitamin B1 metabolism
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benzene degradation
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Benzoate degradation
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Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
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Styrene degradation
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Toluene degradation
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toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via toluene-cis-diol)
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Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
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aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
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aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
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aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
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Butanoate metabolism
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Oxidative phosphorylation
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propionate fermentation
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succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
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succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
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superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation
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TCA cycle II (plants and fungi)
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TCA cycle III (animals)
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carnitine metabolism
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L-carnitine degradation I
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4-aminobutanoate degradation V
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Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
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Arginine biosynthesis
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ethylene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
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glutamate and glutamine metabolism
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L-glutamate degradation I
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L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
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Nitrogen metabolism
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Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
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Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
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beta-Alanine metabolism
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Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
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L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal)
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Phenylalanine metabolism
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phenylethylamine degradation I
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threonine metabolism
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Tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis
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folate transformations II (plants)
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folate transformations III (E. coli)
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One carbon pool by folate
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tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis
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tetrahydrofolate metabolism
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flavin biosynthesis
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Riboflavin metabolism
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Arginine and proline metabolism
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ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
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denitrification
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nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
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nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
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nitrifier denitrification
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nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
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justicidin B biosynthesis
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matairesinol biosynthesis
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sesamin biosynthesis
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photosynthesis
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photosynthesis light reactions
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ethanol degradation IV
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Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
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methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
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non-pathway related
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reactive oxygen species degradation
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superoxide radicals degradation
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baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
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betanidin degradation
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luteolin triglucuronide degradation
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Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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manganese oxidation I
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hydrogen production
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hydrogen production III
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hydrogen production VI
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hydrogen production VIII
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L-glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate)
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nicotine degradation IV
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bacterial bioluminescence
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ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes)
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phenylmercury acetate degradation
formate oxidation to CO2
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oxalate degradation III
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oxalate degradation VI
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purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
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purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
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reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway
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nitrate assimilation
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nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
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arsenite oxidation II (respiratory)
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cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) biosynthesis
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lipid metabolism
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mycolate biosynthesis
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sterculate biosynthesis
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Pyrimidine metabolism
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pyrimidine metabolism
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UMP biosynthesis I
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UMP biosynthesis II
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UMP biosynthesis III
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L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
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L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
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L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria)
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L-citrulline biosynthesis
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L-citrulline degradation
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L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine)
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urea cycle
Caffeine metabolism
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Drug metabolism - other enzymes
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Nitrotoluene degradation
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II
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8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III
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biotin biosynthesis
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Biotin metabolism
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lipid A biosynthesis
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lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
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lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
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Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
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Cyanoamino acid metabolism
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gamma-glutamyl cycle
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glutathione metabolism
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hypoglycin biosynthesis
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leukotriene biosynthesis
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Starch and sucrose metabolism
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sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
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sucrose biosynthesis II
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sucrose biosynthesis III
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glycogen biosynthesis
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glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
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glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
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glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
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glycogen metabolism
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starch biosynthesis
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ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 1 precursor disaccharide
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ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 2 precursor disaccharide
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Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - lacto and neolacto series
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lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
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mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation
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Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis
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Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
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peptidoglycan biosynthesis
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peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci)
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peptidoglycan biosynthesis III (mycobacteria)
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peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium)
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peptidoglycan biosynthesis V (beta-lactam resistance)
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peptidoglycan maturation (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
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L-tryptophan biosynthesis
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Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
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tryptophan metabolism
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4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
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camalexin biosynthesis
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gliotoxin biosynthesis
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glutathione-mediated detoxification I
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glutathione-mediated detoxification II
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indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
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pentachlorophenol degradation
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cysteine metabolism
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L-cysteine biosynthesis I
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seleno-amino acid biosynthesis (plants)
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Sulfur metabolism
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L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine)
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CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I
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UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis
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UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis III
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UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I
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UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II
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D-sorbitol degradation I
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Fructose and mannose metabolism
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mannitol cycle
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metabolism of disaccharids
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sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
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sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
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sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
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sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)
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sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase)
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D-galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway)
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D-galactose detoxification
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degradation of hexoses
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stachyose degradation
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formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
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1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
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C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
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gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
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glycerol degradation to butanol
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glycolysis
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glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
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glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
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glycolysis III (from glucose)
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glycolysis IV (plant cytosol)
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glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
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photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
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Purine metabolism
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Rubisco shunt
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D-arabinose degradation I
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fucose degradation
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acetate and ATP formation from acetyl-CoA I
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acetate fermentation
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gallate degradation III (anaerobic)
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glycine degradation (Stickland reaction)
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L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate
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L-threonine degradation I
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methanogenesis from acetate
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purine metabolism
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pyruvate fermentation to acetate II
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pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV
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creatine-phosphate biosynthesis
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adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
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Thiamine metabolism
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glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
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biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I
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biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate II
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methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
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methylsalicylate degradation
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retinol biosynthesis
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superpathway of methylsalicylate metabolism
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triacylglycerol degradation
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anandamide biosynthesis I
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anandamide biosynthesis II
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Arachidonic acid metabolism
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aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
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aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
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Ether lipid metabolism
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Glycerophospholipid metabolism
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Linoleic acid metabolism
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phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
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phospholipases
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phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
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phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
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phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
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plasmalogen degradation
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resolvin D biosynthesis
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diethylphosphate degradation
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sulfopterin metabolism
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NAD metabolism
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phosphate acquisition
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Inositol phosphate metabolism
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myo-inositol biosynthesis
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phenol degradation
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phytate degradation I
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2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
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plasmalogen biosynthesis
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Sphingolipid metabolism
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cellulose degradation
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cellulose degradation II (fungi)
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chitin degradation I (archaea)
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chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
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chitin degradation III (Serratia)
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Other glycan degradation
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glycogen degradation I
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starch degradation
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starch degradation I
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Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
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melibiose degradation
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Glycosaminoglycan degradation
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Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
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lactose degradation II
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xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase)
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beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
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degradation of sugar acids
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Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
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Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
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(1,4)-beta-D-xylan degradation
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d-xylose degradation
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anhydromuropeptides recycling I
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anhydromuropeptides recycling II
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Various types of N-glycan biosynthesis
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fructan degradation
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tea aroma glycosidic precursor bioactivation
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autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I
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autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis II (Vibrio)
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L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
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S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I
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nocardicin A biosynthesis
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aspartate and asparagine metabolism
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L-asparagine degradation I
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L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
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superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis
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D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
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glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
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L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
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L-glutamine degradation I
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acrylonitrile degradation I
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Aminobenzoate degradation
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arginine metabolism
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degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
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IAA biosynthesis
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indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II
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indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria)
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indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria)
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L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
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Atrazine degradation
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urea degradation II
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Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
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L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway)
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pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II
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pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
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adenosine nucleotides degradation I
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acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
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long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
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pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
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pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
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GABA shunt
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L-glutamate degradation IV
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate)
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polyamine pathway
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putrescine biosynthesis III
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superpathway of ornithine degradation
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aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis
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bisucaberin biosynthesis
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cadaverine biosynthesis
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desferrioxamine B biosynthesis
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desferrioxamine E biosynthesis
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L-lysine degradation I
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L-lysine degradation X
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lupanine biosynthesis
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lysine metabolism
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histamine biosynthesis
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Histidine metabolism
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histidine metabolism
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L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
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gallate degradation
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baumannoferrin biosynthesis
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norspermidine biosynthesis
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rhizobactin 1021 biosynthesis
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methylgallate degradation
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protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway)
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syringate degradation
-
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1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
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Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
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Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
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formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
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gluconeogenesis III
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Pentose phosphate pathway
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sucrose degradation V (sucrose alpha-glucosidase)
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degradation of pentoses
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lactate biosynthesis (archaea)
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glyoxylate cycle
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3-hydroxypropanoate cycle
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3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanate cycle
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
-
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CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
-
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cyanate degradation
glyoxylate assimilation
-
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incomplete reductive TCA cycle
-
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pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
-
-
reductive TCA cycle II
-
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heme metabolism
-
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tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate)
-
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tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine)
-
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L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
D-glucarate degradation I
-
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D-glucarate degradation II
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
chondroitin sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
chorismate metabolism
-
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(Z)-butanethial-S-oxide biosynthesis
-
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(Z)-phenylmethanethial S-oxide biosynthesis
-
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alliin metabolism
-
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ethiin metabolism
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methiin metabolism
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propanethial S-oxide biosynthesis
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dimethyl sulfide biosynthesis from methionine
-
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Selenocompound metabolism
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selenocysteine biosynthesis
-
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teichuronic acid biosynthesis (B. subtilis 168)
-
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UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II
-
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D-xylose degradation I
-
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trehalose biosynthesis IV
-
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acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA
-
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adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis
-
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cis-genanyl-CoA degradation
-
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colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis
-
-
ethanol degradation III
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V
-
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lupulone and humulone biosynthesis
-
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Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
-
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pantothenate biosynthesis
-
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phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
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anapleurotic synthesis of oxalacetate
-
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Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
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CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
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Fatty acid biosynthesis
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fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
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fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
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jadomycin biosynthesis
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arsenite oxidation I (respiratory)
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Fe(II) oxidation
-
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oxidative phosphorylation
-
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ATP biosynthesis
-
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Photosynthesis
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oleandomycin activation/inactivation
-
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ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
SOURCE TISSUE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
SOURCE
additional information
-
optimization and evaluation of cultivation conditions, overview
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
LOCALIZATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
GeneOntology No.
LITERATURE
SOURCE
LINKS TO OTHER DATABASES (specific for Citrobacter freundii)