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Information on EC 4.2.1.1 - carbonic anhydrase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC4.2.1.1

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IUBMB Comments

The enzyme catalyses the reversible hydration of gaseous CO2 to carbonic acid, which dissociates to give hydrogencarbonate above neutral pH. It is widespread and found in archaea, bacteria, and eukaryotes. Three distinct classes exist, and appear to have evolved independently. Contains zinc.

The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Reaction Schemes

Synonyms
carbonic anhydrase, ca ix, ca ii, hca ii, hca i, carbonic anhydrase ix, carbonic anhydrase ii, hca ix, ca iv, anhydrase, more