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Information on EC 1.14.11.67 - [histone H3]-trimethyl-L-lysine4 demethylase

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IUBMB Comments
Requires iron(II). This entry describes a group of enzymes that demethylate N-methylated L-lysine residues at position 4 of histone H3 (H3K4). The enzymes are dioxygenases and act by hydroxylating the methyl group, forming an unstable hemiaminal that leaves as formaldehyde. They can act on tri-, di-, and mono-methylated forms.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Synonyms
amine oxidase (flavin-containing) domain 1, AOF1, At2g34880, CG33182, CG33185, CG3654, dJARID2, dJARID2/CG3654, dJMJD2(1), dJMJD2(1)/CG15835, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
a [histone H3]-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine4 + 3 2-oxoglutarate + 3 O2 = a [histone H3]-L-lysine4 + 3 succinate + 3 formaldehyde + 3 CO2
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overall reaction
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a [histone H3]-N6,N6-dimethyl-L-lysine4 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = a [histone H3]-N6-methyl-L-lysine4 + succinate + formaldehyde + CO2
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a [histone H3]-N6-methyl-L-lysine4 + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = a [histone H3]-L-lysine4 + succinate + formaldehyde + CO2
show the reaction diagram
(1c)
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