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Information on EC - nitric-oxide synthase (NADPH)

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.14.13.39
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IUBMB Comments
The enzyme consists of linked oxygenase and reductase domains. The eukaryotic enzyme binds FAD, FMN, heme (iron protoporphyrin IX) and tetrahydrobiopterin, and its two domains are linked via a regulatory calmodulin-binding domain. Upon calcium-induced calmodulin binding, the reductase and oxygenase domains form a complex, allowing electrons to flow from NADPH via FAD and FMN to the active center. The reductase domain of the enzyme from the bacterium Sorangium cellulosum utilizes a [2Fe-2S] cluster to transfer the electrons from NADPH to the active center. cf. EC, nitric-oxide synthase (flavodoxin).
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Reaction Schemes
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nos, inducible nitric oxide synthase, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, inducible no synthase, neuronal nitric oxide synthase, inducible nos, endothelial no synthase, endothelial nos, neuronal nos, no-synthase, more
2 L-arginine + 2 NADPH + 2 H+ + 2 O2 = 2 Nomega-hydroxy-L-arginine + 2 NADP+ + 2 H2O
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2 L-arginine + 3 NADPH + 3 H+ + 4 O2 = 2 L-citrulline + 2 nitric oxide + 3 NADP+ + 4 H2O
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2 Nomega-hydroxy-L-arginine + NADPH + H+ + 2 O2 = 2 L-citrulline + 2 nitric oxide + NADP+ + 2 H2O
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