Any feedback?
Please rate this page

BRENDA support

show all | hide all No of entries

Information on EC - arsenite methyltransferase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.1.1.137
Please wait a moment until all data is loaded. This message will disappear when all data is loaded.
EC Tree
     2 Transferases
         2.1 Transferring one-carbon groups
             2.1.1 Methyltransferases
       arsenite methyltransferase
IUBMB Comments
An enzyme responsible for synthesis of trivalent methylarsenical antibiotics in microbes or detoxification of inorganic arsenous acid in animals. The in vivo substrate is arsenic triglutathione or similar thiol (depending on the organism) , from which the arsenic is transferred to the enzyme forming bonds with the thiol groups of three cysteine residues via a disulfide bond cascade pathway [7, 8]. Most of the substrates undergo two methylations and are converted to dimethylarsinous acid . However, a small fraction are released earlier as methylarsonous acid, and a smaller amount proceeds via a third methylation, resulting in the volatile product trimethylarsane. Methylation involves temporary oxidation to arsenic(V) valency, followed by reduction back to arsenic(III) valency using electrons provided by thioredoxin or a similar reduction system. The arsenic(III) products are quickly oxidized in the presence of oxygen to the corresponding arsenic(V) species.
Specify your search results
Select one or more organisms in this record: ?
Show additional data
Do not include text mining results
Include (text mining) results
Include results (AMENDA + additional results, but less precise)
Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea
as3mt, arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase, n6amt1, has3mt, arsenite methyltransferase, cyt19, as(iii) s-adenosylmethionine methyltransferase, arsenic (iii) methyltransferase, arsenite s-adenosylmethionine methyltransferase, arsenic (+3) methyltransferase, more
2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + arsenic triglutathione + 2 thioredoxin + H2O = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + dimethylarsinous acid + 3 glutathione + 2 thioredoxin disulfide
show the reaction diagram
3 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + arsenic triglutathione + 3 thioredoxin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + trimethylarsane + 3 glutathione + 3 thioredoxin disulfide
show the reaction diagram
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + arsenic triglutathione + thioredoxin + 2 H2O = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + methylarsonous acid + 3 glutathione + thioredoxin disulfide
show the reaction diagram
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + arsenite = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + methylarsonate
show the reaction diagram