Information on EC 1.1.5.2 - glucose 1-dehydrogenase (PQQ, quinone)

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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryota

EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
1.1.5.2
-
RECOMMENDED NAME
GeneOntology No.
glucose 1-dehydrogenase (PQQ, quinone)
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
D-glucose + ubiquinone = D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
REACTION TYPE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
oxidation
redox reaction
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-
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reduction
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PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
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glucose degradation (oxidative)
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L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway)
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glycogen metabolism
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Pentose phosphate pathway
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SYSTEMATIC NAME
IUBMB Comments
D-glucose:ubiquinone oxidoreductase
Integral membrane protein containing PQQ as prosthetic group. It also contains bound ubiquinone and Mg2+ or Ca2+. Electron acceptor is membrane ubiquinone but usually assayed with phenazine methosulfate. Like in all other quinoprotein alcohol dehydrogenases the catalytic domain has an 8-bladed propeller structure. It occurs in a wide range of bacteria. Catalyses a direct oxidation of the pyranose form of D-glucose to the lactone and thence to D-gluconate in the periplasm. Oxidizes other monosaccharides including the pyranose forms of pentoses.
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
81669-60-5
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
formerly Acetobacter diazotrophicus
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
formerly Acetobacter diazotrophicus
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene gcd, encoded in the operon pqqABCDEF together with cofactor pyrroloquinoline quinone, PQQ
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene gcd, encoded in the operon pqqABCDEF together with cofactor pyrroloquinoline quinone, PQQ
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
soil-isolate
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
gene gdhS
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Manually annotated by BRENDA team
GENERAL INFORMATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
malfunction
alfalfa plants inoculated with RmH580, a Sinorhizobium meliloti gcd mutant strain show a delay in nodule emergence and a reduced ability for nodulation at various inoculum dosages. Mutant RmH580 strain is also deficient in its competitive ability. In coinoculation experiments a mutant/wild-type inoculum ratio higher than 100:1 is necessary to obtain an equal ratio of nodule occupancy. PQQ-linked GCD is required by Sinorhizobium meliloti for optimal nodulation efficiency and competitiveness on alfalfa roots
physiological function
additional information
SUBSTRATE
PRODUCT                       
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate) hide
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product) hide
LITERATURE
(Product)
Reversibility
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
2-amino-D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
2-amino-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
2-deoxy-D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
2-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
2-deoxy-D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
2-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
2-deoxy-D-glucose + oxidized N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
2-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
2-deoxy-D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
2-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
2-deoxy-D-glucose + ubiquinone
2-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
3-deoxy-D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
3-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-methyl-alpha-methyl-D-glucopyranose + ubiquinone
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
3-O-methyl-D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
3-O-methyl-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
3-O-methyl-D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
3-O-methyl-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
3-O-methyl-D-glucose + ubiquinone
3-O-methyl-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
6-deoxy-D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
6-deoxy-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
allose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
?
show the reaction diagram
allose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
beta-D-glucose + ubiquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
cellobiose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
cellobiose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
70% of the activity with D-glucose
-
-
?
cellobiose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
high activity
-
-
?
cellobiose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
D-allose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-allono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
D-allose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-allono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
D-allose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
high activity
-
-
?
D-allose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-arabinose + N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-arabinono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-cellobiose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
D-cellobiono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-fructose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
? + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
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?
D-fucose + N-ethylphenazonium ethyl sulfate
6-deoxy-D-galactono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
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-
-
-
?
D-fucose + oxidized N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
6-deoxy-D-galactono-1,5-lactone + reduced N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
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?
D-fucose + pyrrolquinoline quinone
6-deoxy-D-galactono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-fucose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-galactose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
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-
-
?
D-galactose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-galactose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
D-galactose + N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-galactose + oxidized N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + reduced N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-galactose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
D-galactose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
D-galactose + ubiquinone
D-galactono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 1,4-naphthoquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
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?
D-glucose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichloroindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
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?
D-glucose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
? + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 2-methyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 4-(4-ferrocenylimino-methyl)phenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + 4-ferrocenylnitrophenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + 4-ferrocenylphenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + 9,10-phenanthrenequinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
9,10-phenanthrenequinone shows low effectivity as redox mediator
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-
?
D-glucose + ?
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
physiological electron acceptor in not known
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-
?
D-glucose + decylubiquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + decylubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + ferricyanide
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ferrocyanide
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + N-ethylphenazonium ethyl sulfate
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
D-glucose is the preferred substrate
-
-
?
D-glucose + oxidized 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + oxidized N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + phenazine methosulfate
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + phenazine methosulfate
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + ubiquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q1
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q1
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol Q1
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q2
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q2
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol Q2
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q4
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q6
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + ubiquinone Q9
D-glucono-1,5-lactone +
show the reaction diagram
D-lactose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-lactono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
D-lyxose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
very low activity
-
-
?
D-maltose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-maltono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
71% activity compared to D-glucose
-
-
?
D-maltose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-mannose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
D-mannono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-mannose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-mannose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-mannono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
36% activity compared to D-glucose
-
-
?
D-mannose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-mannono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
D-mannose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
low activity
-
-
?
D-mannose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
D-melibiose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
?
show the reaction diagram
D-ribose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
? + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-ribose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-ribono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-ribose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
low activity
-
-
?
D-ribose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-xylose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-xylose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-xylose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
86% activity compared to D-glucose
-
-
?
D-xylose + N-ethylphenazonium ethyl sulfate
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-xylose + N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
22% activity compared to D-glucose
-
-
?
D-xylose + oxidized N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + reduced N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-xylose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
D-xylose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
low activity
-
-
?
D-xylose + ubiquinone
D-xylono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
L-arabinose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
? + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
L-arabinose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
L-arabinono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
97% activity compared to D-glucose
-
-
?
L-arabinose + N-ethylphenazonium ethyl sulfate
L-arabino-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
L-arabinose + oxidized N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
L-arabino-1,5-lactone + reduced N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
L-arabinose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
L-arabino-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
L-arabinose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
high activity
-
-
?
L-arabinose + ubiquinone
L-arabino-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
L-lyxose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
L-rhamnose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
L-rhamnono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
lactose + 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
lactose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
?
show the reaction diagram
lactose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
?
show the reaction diagram
lactose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
lactose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
maltose + 2,6-dichloroindophenol
maltono-1,5-lactone + reduced 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
maltose + 2,6-dichlorophenolindolphenol
?
show the reaction diagram
maltose + N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
maltono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
17% activity compared to D-glucose
-
-
?
maltose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
?
show the reaction diagram
maltose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
maltose + ubiquinone
? + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
melibiose + 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol
?
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
melibiose + ubiquinone
?
show the reaction diagram
-
low activity
-
-
?
phenazine methosulfate + 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol
?
show the reaction diagram
additional information
?
-
NATURAL SUBSTRATES
NATURAL PRODUCTS
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate) hide
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product) hide
LITERATURE
(Product)
REVERSIBILITY
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
beta-D-glucose + ubiquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glucose + ?
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ?
show the reaction diagram
-
physiological electron acceptor in not known
-
-
?
D-glucose + pyrroloquinoline quinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + pyrroloquinoline quinol
show the reaction diagram
D-glucose + ubiquinone
D-glucono-1,5-lactone + ubiquinol
show the reaction diagram
additional information
?
-
COFACTOR
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
IMAGE
pyrroloquinoline quinone
additional information
-
ruthenium(III) bispyridine compounds and ruthenium(III) 4-methyl-bispyridine compounds can act as artificial electron transfer mediator system
-
METALS and IONS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
Ba2+
mutants D354N, N355D, and D354N/N355D
Cd2+
-
can replace Ca2+ in reactivation after thermal inactivation
Mn2+
-
can replace Ca2+ in reactivation after thermal inactivation
Sr2+
mutants D354N, N355D, and D354N/N355D
INHIBITORS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
IMAGE
aptameric enzyme subunit
-
the aptameric enzyme subunit inhibits PQQGDH in the presence of adenosine
-
Ba2+
competitive to Mg2+, wild-type enzyme
Cu2+
-
complete inhibition at 10 mM
D-gluconic acid
-
non-competitive inhibitor to D-glucose and competitive inhibitor to N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
D-glucose
ethanol
-
3.6% residual activity at 80% (v/v)
Fe3+
-
complete inhibition at 10 mM
methylhydrazine
Mg2+
competitive to Ca2+, Sr2+, or Ba2+, mutants D354N, N355D, and D354N/N355D
Mn2+
-
slight inhibitory effect
Myxothiazol
-
less than 10% residual activity at 0.1 mM
N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
-
-
p-benzoquinone
-
1.7 mM, complete inhibition
PGa4
-
aptamer PGa4 reduces enzymatic activity to 80% at 25 nM
-
pyrroloquinoline quinone
-
substrate inhibition at high concentrations
Sr2+
competitive to Mg2+, wild-type enzyme
Zn2+
-
slight inhibitory effect
additional information
-
ACTIVATING COMPOUND
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
IMAGE
Mag2
-
the PQQGDH aptameric enzyme subunit Mag2 increases activity of the enzyme by 20%
-
n-hexane
-
92.1% increase of activity at 80% (v/v)
pyrroloquinoline quinone
exogenously added cofector slightly activates the enzyme activity
additional information
-
the aptameric enzyme subunit does not activate PQQGDH in the absence of adenosine
-
KM VALUE [mM]
SUBSTRATE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
IMAGE
1.6
2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol
-
pH 8.8, 25°C
9.5
2-amino-D-glucose
-
wild-type enzyme
0.5 - 90
2-deoxy-D-glucose
10.8
3-deoxy-D-glucose
-
wild-type enzyme
2 - 198
3-O-methyl-D-glucose
0.73 - 2.43
4-(4-ferrocenylimino-methyl)phenol
0.89 - 2.73
4-ferrocenylnitrophenol
0.83 - 1
4-ferrocenylphenol
1.3
6-deoxy-D-glucose
-
wild-type enzyme
21 - 199
allose
14 - 17
cellobiose
1.5 - 810
D-Allose
390
D-fructose
-
in 50 mM Bis-Tris propane (pH 8.0), at 50°C
5 - 12
D-fucose
0.46 - 390
D-galactose
0.1 - 680
D-glucose
19 - 910
D-mannose
17.7
D-melibiose
-
wild-type enzyme
40 - 166
D-ribose
0.34 - 500
D-xylose
0.69
ferricyanide
-
pH 8.8, 25°C
0.118 - 46
L-arabinose
100
L-Lyxose
-
wild-type enzyme
0.66 - 77
lactose
0.59 - 600
maltose
150
maltotriose
-
-
0.56
N,N,N,N-tetramethyl-o-phenylenediamine
-
pH 8.8, 25°C
0.268 - 0.292
N-ethylphenazonium ethyl sulfate
0.064 - 0.4
N-methylphenazonium methyl sulfate
0.074 - 1.9
phenazine methosulfate
0.00011
pyrroliquinoline quinone
-
pH 7.0, 25°C, wild-type enzyme
0.00005 - 0.78
pyrroloquinoline quinone
0.0001 - 0.00113
ubiquinone
0.06 - 0.178
ubiquinone Q1
0.012 - 0.061
ubiquinone Q2
0.028 - 0.031
ubiquinone Q4
0.0034 - 0.019
ubiquinone Q6
0.0044
ubiquinone Q9
-
membrane-bound enzyme form
additional information
additional information
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TURNOVER NUMBER [1/s]
SUBSTRATE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
IMAGE
180.6 - 1060
2-deoxy-D-glucose
215 - 3200
3-O-methyl-D-glucose
73 - 2509
allose
226 - 1355
cellobiose
1440 - 4560
D-Allose
4.3 - 630
D-galactose
0.8 - 4424
D-glucose
3.1 - 861
D-mannose
3.2 - 678
D-xylose
167 - 1800
lactose
2.3 - 2870
maltose
2270
maltotriose
-
-
additional information
additional information
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-
-