3alpha-hydroxysteroid 3-dehydrogenase (Si-specific)

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a 3alpha-hydroxysteroid
a 3-oxosteroid


3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 3 alphaHD, 3-alpha-HSD, 3alpha-HSD, 3alpha-HSD/CR, 3alpha-HSOR, 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/carbonyl reductase, 3alpha-hydroxysteroid oxido-reductase, 3alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase, 3alpha-hydroxysteroid-5beta-oxidoreductase activity, 3alpha-OR, 3alpha-oxidoreductase, 3alpha/3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 3alphaHSD, 3HSD, 5alpha-dihydroprogesterone 3alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase, AKR1C, AKR1C1-4, AKR1C17, AKR1C2, AKR1C3, AKR1C4, AKR1C9, aldo-keto reductase 1C2, bile-acid binding protein, chlordecone reductase, DD2, DD21, dihydrodiol dehydrogenase, HSD, HSD28, HSD29, hsdA, HSDH, hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase, More, NAD(P)+-3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, NAD+-dependent 3alpha-HSD, NADP(H)-dependent 3alpha-HSD, NADPH:5alpha-dihydroprogesterone 3alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase, prostaglandin F2alpha-synthase, PT3HSD, sterognost 3alpha dehydrogenase, 3alpha-hydroxy steroid, type 2 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/type 5 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, type 3 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, type 5 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, type I 3alpha-HSD


     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.1 Acting on the CH-OH group of donors
             1.1.1 With NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor
       3alpha-hydroxysteroid 3-dehydrogenase (Si-specific)

General Information

General Information on EC - 3alpha-hydroxysteroid 3-dehydrogenase (Si-specific)

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physiological function
replacement of hsdA gene by the green fluorescent protein gene inserted downstream from the hsdA regulatory region and use of the resulting strain as fluorescence based biosensor system for steroid determination. With this cell-based system testosterone can be determined in a range between 57 and 450 ng/ml, estradiol between 1.6 and 12.8 ng/ml, and cholesterol between 19.3 and 154.4 ng/nl. The sensitivity of this bioassay can be further increased by using only the cytosol of the mutant. With the resulting cell-free system testosterone is determined in a range between 28 and 219 pg/ml, estradiol between 0.029 and 0.430 fg/ml, and cholesterol between 9.7 and 77.2 fg/ml. The recovery ratio of the extraction is around 95% and the maximum fluorescence signals are obtained as early as after 30 min. Limitations of the established steroid biosensor system are quenching at higher steroid concentrations and the relatively high background of fluorescence