BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 1.8.4.9

The putative moss 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate reductase is a novel form of adenosine-5-phosphosulfate reductase without an iron-sulfur cluster

Kopriva, S.; Fritzemeier, K.; Wiedemann, G.; Reski, R.; J. Biol. Chem. 282, 22930-22938 (2007)

Data extracted from this reference:

Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
expression of N-terminally His-tagged PpAPR in Escherichia coli, expression of GFP-tagged APR in Physcomitrella patens plants using the mAV4 vector containing the chloroplast transit peptide from Physcomitrella patens FtsZ2-1 and transient transfection of protoplasts; overexpression in Escherichia coli
Physcomitrella patens
Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
inhibits activity with 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
Physcomitrella patens
glutathione
inhibits APR at concentrations above 30 mM
Physcomitrella patens
KNO3
abolishes enzyme activation by other salts and inhibits the enzyme
Physcomitrella patens
KM Value [mM]
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.02
-
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
0.05
-
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
Localization
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
chloroplast
; determination of subcellular localization, overview
Physcomitrella patens
9507
-
Metals/Ions
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
(NH4)2SO4
500 mM, stimulates; highly activating
Physcomitrella patens
Fe2+
FeS cluster as a cofactor in PpAPR
Physcomitrella patens
KNO3
500 mM, stimulates
Physcomitrella patens
Mg2+
activates 18-24fold at 500 mM
Physcomitrella patens
MgCl2
500 mM, stimulates
Physcomitrella patens
MgSO4
500 mM, stimulates
Physcomitrella patens
additional information
no iron is associated with recombinant PpPAPR
Physcomitrella patens
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
32000
-
x * 32000, SDS-PAGE
Physcomitrella patens
50000
-
x * 50000, recombinant His-tagged PpAPR, SDS-PAGE
Physcomitrella patens
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
adenylyl sulfate + glutathione
Physcomitrella patens
sulfate assimilation pathway in Physcomitrella patens, overview
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide
-
-
?
additional information
Physcomitrella patens
the moss Physcomitrella patens is unique among these organisms in possessing orthologs of both APR and PAPR, EC 1.8.4.8, genes
?
-
-
-
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Physcomitrella patens
-
-
-
Purification (Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
recombinant N-terminally His-tagged PpAPR from Escherichia coli
Physcomitrella patens
Reaction
Reaction
Commentary
Organism
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide = adenylyl sulfate + 2 glutathione
the reaction catalyzed by APR can be divided into three steps. In the first step, APS binds to the protein, and a reductive transfer results in sulfite bound to the active-site cysteine in a stable reaction intermediate. In the second step, free sulfite is released by the action of the C-terminal domain. In the third step, the glutaredoxin active site is regenerated by reduction with GSH reductase
Physcomitrella patens
Storage Stability
Storage Stability
Organism
-20°C, 1 day, PpAPR is completely inactivated, plant APRs are very unstable enzymes because of the rapid loss of their iron-sulfur clusters
Physcomitrella patens
-20°C, 1 day, PpAPR-B retains 30% of its activity
Physcomitrella patens
4°C, PpAPR, completely stable for 48 h, inactivation after longer than 2 dayswith 15% remaining activity after 4-5 days
Physcomitrella patens
4°C, PpAPR-B is stable over 5 days
Physcomitrella patens
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + dithioerythritol
-
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
?
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + glutathione
-
687585
Physcomitrella patens
adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + sulfite + oxidized glutathione
-
-
-
?
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + glutathione
PpAPR-B is much more active with adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate as a substrate than with 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
?
adenylyl sulfate + DTT
-
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
?
adenylyl sulfate + glutathione
sulfate assimilation pathway in Physcomitrella patens, overview
687585
Physcomitrella patens
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide
-
-
-
?
adenylyl sulfate + glutathione
substrate binding structure, modelling, overview
687585
Physcomitrella patens
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide
-
-
-
?
additional information
no activity with thioredoxin
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
the moss Physcomitrella patens is unique among these organisms in possessing orthologs of both APR and PAPR, EC 1.8.4.8, genes
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
-
Subunits
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 32000, SDS-PAGE; x * 50000, recombinant His-tagged PpAPR, SDS-PAGE
Physcomitrella patens
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
37
-
-
Physcomitrella patens
Turnover Number [1/s]
Turnover Number Minimum [1/s]
Turnover Number Maximum [1/s]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.00075
-
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
0.176
-
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
pH Optimum
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7
8.5
-
Physcomitrella patens
8
-
substrate: 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
Physcomitrella patens
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
glutathione
-
Physcomitrella patens
additional information
FeS cluster as a cofactor in PpAPR, no activity with thioredoxin
Physcomitrella patens
Ki Value [mM]
Ki Value [mM]
Ki Value maximum [mM]
Inhibitor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.176
-
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
expression of N-terminally His-tagged PpAPR in Escherichia coli, expression of GFP-tagged APR in Physcomitrella patens plants using the mAV4 vector containing the chloroplast transit peptide from Physcomitrella patens FtsZ2-1 and transient transfection of protoplasts; overexpression in Escherichia coli
Physcomitrella patens
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
glutathione
-
Physcomitrella patens
additional information
FeS cluster as a cofactor in PpAPR, no activity with thioredoxin
Physcomitrella patens
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
inhibits activity with 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
Physcomitrella patens
glutathione
inhibits APR at concentrations above 30 mM
Physcomitrella patens
KNO3
abolishes enzyme activation by other salts and inhibits the enzyme
Physcomitrella patens
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM]
Ki Value maximum [mM]
Inhibitor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.176
-
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.02
-
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
0.05
-
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
Localization (protein specific)
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
chloroplast
; determination of subcellular localization, overview
Physcomitrella patens
9507
-
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
(NH4)2SO4
500 mM, stimulates; highly activating
Physcomitrella patens
Fe2+
FeS cluster as a cofactor in PpAPR
Physcomitrella patens
KNO3
500 mM, stimulates
Physcomitrella patens
Mg2+
activates 18-24fold at 500 mM
Physcomitrella patens
MgCl2
500 mM, stimulates
Physcomitrella patens
MgSO4
500 mM, stimulates
Physcomitrella patens
additional information
no iron is associated with recombinant PpPAPR
Physcomitrella patens
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
32000
-
x * 32000, SDS-PAGE
Physcomitrella patens
50000
-
x * 50000, recombinant His-tagged PpAPR, SDS-PAGE
Physcomitrella patens
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
adenylyl sulfate + glutathione
Physcomitrella patens
sulfate assimilation pathway in Physcomitrella patens, overview
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide
-
-
?
additional information
Physcomitrella patens
the moss Physcomitrella patens is unique among these organisms in possessing orthologs of both APR and PAPR, EC 1.8.4.8, genes
?
-
-
-
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
recombinant N-terminally His-tagged PpAPR from Escherichia coli
Physcomitrella patens
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Storage Stability
Organism
-20°C, 1 day, PpAPR is completely inactivated, plant APRs are very unstable enzymes because of the rapid loss of their iron-sulfur clusters
Physcomitrella patens
-20°C, 1 day, PpAPR-B retains 30% of its activity
Physcomitrella patens
4°C, PpAPR, completely stable for 48 h, inactivation after longer than 2 dayswith 15% remaining activity after 4-5 days
Physcomitrella patens
4°C, PpAPR-B is stable over 5 days
Physcomitrella patens
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + dithioerythritol
-
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
?
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + glutathione
-
687585
Physcomitrella patens
adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + sulfite + oxidized glutathione
-
-
-
?
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate + glutathione
PpAPR-B is much more active with adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate as a substrate than with 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
?
adenylyl sulfate + DTT
-
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
?
adenylyl sulfate + glutathione
sulfate assimilation pathway in Physcomitrella patens, overview
687585
Physcomitrella patens
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide
-
-
-
?
adenylyl sulfate + glutathione
substrate binding structure, modelling, overview
687585
Physcomitrella patens
AMP + sulfite + glutathione disulfide
-
-
-
?
additional information
no activity with thioredoxin
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
the moss Physcomitrella patens is unique among these organisms in possessing orthologs of both APR and PAPR, EC 1.8.4.8, genes
687585
Physcomitrella patens
?
-
-
-
-
Subunits (protein specific)
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 32000, SDS-PAGE; x * 50000, recombinant His-tagged PpAPR, SDS-PAGE
Physcomitrella patens
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
37
-
-
Physcomitrella patens
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
Turnover Number Minimum [1/s]
Turnover Number Maximum [1/s]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.00075
-
3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
0.176
-
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
-
Physcomitrella patens
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7
8.5
-
Physcomitrella patens
8
-
substrate: 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
Physcomitrella patens
Other publictions for EC 1.8.4.9
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
743157
Chung
-
The Arabidopsis thaliana aden ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
J. Plant Biol.
58
128-136
2015
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1
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1
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1
1
1
1
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689431
Phartiyal
The role of 5-adenylylsulfate ...
Glycine max
Phytochemistry
69
356-364
2008
-
-
1
-
-
-
2
4
-
-
1
-
-
1
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-
1
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2
1
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2
1
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4
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1
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1
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-
2
1
4
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1
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1
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2
1
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2
1
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-
4
-
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694712
Koprivova
Complex signaling network in r ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Physiol.
146
1408-1420
2008
-
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-
-
1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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2
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667746
Kim
The two-domain structure of 5- ...
Ulva intestinalis
Biochemistry
46
591-601
2007
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-
1
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2
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4
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1
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1
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668650
Duperron
Evidence for chemoautotrophic ...
bacteria endosymbiont of Lucinoma aff. kazani
FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.
59
64-70
2007
-
-
1
-
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1
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1
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687585
Kopriva
The putative moss 3'-phosphoad ...
Physcomitrella patens
J. Biol. Chem.
282
22930-22938
2007
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1
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3
2
1
7
2
2
-
8
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1
1
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4
8
1
1
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2
2
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2
1
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1
2
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3
1
2
1
7
2
2
-
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1
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4
8
1
1
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2
2
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694695
Wiedemann
The role of the novel adenosin ...
Physcomitrella patens
Plant Mol. Biol.
65
667-676
2007
-
-
1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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2
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1
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667703
Sun
Channeling in sulfate activati ...
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Biochemistry
45
11304-11311
2006
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1
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2
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2
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667717
Schiffer
Reaction mechanism of the iron ...
Archaeoglobus fulgidus
Biochemistry
45
2960-2967
2006
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1
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2
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2
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1
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1
1
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669891
Chartron
Substrate recognition, protein ...
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
J. Mol. Biol.
364
152-169
2006
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1
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1
2
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1
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1
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2
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1
1
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1
2
2
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1
1
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670319
Senaratne
5-Adenosinephosphosulphate red ...
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mol. Microbiol.
59
1744-1753
2006
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1
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1
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1
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660168
Tsakraklides
Sulfate reduction is increased ...
Arabidopsis thaliana, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Plant J.
32
879-889
2002
1
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1
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2
1
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1
3
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2
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3
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5
1
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4
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1
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1
4
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2
1
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1
3
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3
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5
1
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660113
Kopriva
-
Influence of chilling stress o ...
Zea mays
Plant Biol.
3
24-31
2001
1
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1
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1
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5
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1
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288643
Gao
Characterization of sulfate as ...
Arabidopsis thaliana, Brassica juncea, Conticribra weissflogii, Dunaliella salina, Emiliania huxleyi, Heterocapsa triquetra, Isochrysis galbana, Tetraselmis sp., Thalassiosira oceanica, Ulva intestinalis
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288644
Suter
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate su ...
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288642
Prior
Structural and kinetic propert ...
Catharanthus roseus
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25-38
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660399
Bick
Glutaredoxin function for the ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
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8404-8409
1998
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288640
Setya
Sulfate reduction in higher pl ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
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3
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288641
Gutierrez-Marcos
Three members of a novel small ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
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