BRENDA - Enzyme Database

CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development

Qi, Y.; Kapterian, T.S.; Du, X.; Ma, Q.; Fei, W.; Zhang, Y.; Huang, X.; Dawes, I.W.; Yang, H.; J. Lipid Res. 57, 767-780 (2016)

Data extracted from this reference:

Engineering
EC Number
Amino acid exchange
Commentary
Organism
2.7.7.41
additional information
transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in HeLa cells downregulates CDS1 by 81%. In siCDS2 HeLa cells, the mRNA expression of CDS1 is increased by 2.6fold, but in siCDS1 cells, the CDS2 level is unchanged. Knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells; transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in HeLa cells downregulates CDS2 by 90%. In siCDS2 HeLa cells, the mRNA expression of CDS1 is increased by 2.6fold, but in siCDS1 cells, the CDS2 level is unchanged. Knocking down CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
additional information
transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in 3T3-L1 cells downregulates CDS1 by 48%. Knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells; transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in 3T3-L1 cells downregulates CDS2 by 90%. Knocking down CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells
Mus musculus
Localization
EC Number
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
2.7.7.41
endoplasmic reticulum membrane
-
Homo sapiens
5789
-
2.7.7.41
endoplasmic reticulum membrane
-
Mus musculus
5789
-
2.7.7.41
membrane
-
Homo sapiens
16020
-
2.7.7.41
membrane
-
Mus musculus
16020
-
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
EC Number
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
Mus musculus
-
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
?
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
Homo sapiens
-
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
?
Organism
EC Number
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
2.7.7.41
Homo sapiens
O95674
-
-
2.7.7.41
Homo sapiens
Q92903
-
-
2.7.7.41
Mus musculus
P98191
-
-
2.7.7.41
Mus musculus
Q99L43
-
-
Source Tissue
EC Number
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
2.7.7.41
3T3-L1 cell
;
Mus musculus
-
2.7.7.41
HeLa cell
;
Homo sapiens
-
2.7.7.41
preadipocyte
;
Mus musculus
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
EC Number
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
-
738826
Mus musculus
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
-
?
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
-
738826
Homo sapiens
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
-
?
Engineering (protein specific)
EC Number
Amino acid exchange
Commentary
Organism
2.7.7.41
additional information
transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in HeLa cells downregulates CDS1 by 81%. In siCDS2 HeLa cells, the mRNA expression of CDS1 is increased by 2.6fold, but in siCDS1 cells, the CDS2 level is unchanged. Knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
additional information
transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in HeLa cells downregulates CDS2 by 90%. In siCDS2 HeLa cells, the mRNA expression of CDS1 is increased by 2.6fold, but in siCDS1 cells, the CDS2 level is unchanged. Knocking down CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
additional information
transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in 3T3-L1 cells downregulates CDS1 by 48%. Knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells
Mus musculus
2.7.7.41
additional information
transient siRNA knockdown of CDS1 in 3T3-L1 cells downregulates CDS2 by 90%. Knocking down CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells
Mus musculus
Localization (protein specific)
EC Number
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
2.7.7.41
endoplasmic reticulum membrane
-
Homo sapiens
5789
-
2.7.7.41
endoplasmic reticulum membrane
-
Mus musculus
5789
-
2.7.7.41
membrane
-
Homo sapiens
16020
-
2.7.7.41
membrane
-
Mus musculus
16020
-
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
EC Number
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
Mus musculus
-
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
?
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
Homo sapiens
-
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
?
Source Tissue (protein specific)
EC Number
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
2.7.7.41
3T3-L1 cell
-
Mus musculus
-
2.7.7.41
HeLa cell
-
Homo sapiens
-
2.7.7.41
preadipocyte
-
Mus musculus
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
EC Number
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
-
738826
Mus musculus
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
-
?
2.7.7.41
CTP + phosphatidate
-
738826
Homo sapiens
diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
-
-
-
?
General Information
EC Number
General Information
Commentary
Organism
2.7.7.41
malfunction
knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. The levels of many phosphatidate species are significantly increased upon knocking down CDS1, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells; knocking down CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Only a small number of phosphatidate species are increased upon depleting CDS2, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS2, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
malfunction
knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS1 almost completely blocked the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The levels of many phosphatidate species are significantly increased upon knocking down CDS1, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells; knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS2 in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes has a moderate inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation. Only a small number of phosphatidate species are increased upon depleting CDS2, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS2, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells
Mus musculus
2.7.7.41
physiological function
CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage; CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
physiological function
CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage; CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage; knocking down either isoform CDS1 or isoform CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS1 almost completely blocks the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The levels of many phosphatidic acid species are significantly increased upon knocking down CDS1. The amount of phosphatidic acid in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1 or CDS2; knocking down either isoform CDS1 or isoform CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS2 has a moderate inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation. Only a small number of phosphatidic acid species are increased upon depleting CDS2. The amount of phosphatidic acid in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1 or CDS2
Mus musculus
General Information (protein specific)
EC Number
General Information
Commentary
Organism
2.7.7.41
malfunction
knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. The levels of many phosphatidate species are significantly increased upon knocking down CDS1, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
malfunction
knocking down CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Only a small number of phosphatidate species are increased upon depleting CDS2, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS2, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
malfunction
knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS1 almost completely blocked the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The levels of many phosphatidate species are significantly increased upon knocking down CDS1, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells
Mus musculus
2.7.7.41
malfunction
knocking down CDS1 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS2 in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes has a moderate inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation. Only a small number of phosphatidate species are increased upon depleting CDS2, the amount of phosphatidate in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS2, overview. The changes in phosphatidate level and localization may underlie the formation of giant lipid droplets as well as the block in adipogenesis in CDS-deficient cells
Mus musculus
2.7.7.41
physiological function
CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage
Homo sapiens
2.7.7.41
physiological function
CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage; knocking down either isoform CDS1 or isoform CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS1 almost completely blocks the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The levels of many phosphatidic acid species are significantly increased upon knocking down CDS1. The amount of phosphatidic acid in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1 or CDS2
Mus musculus
2.7.7.41
physiological function
CDP-diacylglycerol synthases regulate the growth of lipid droplets and adipocyte development, role of CDP-diacylglycerol in lipid storage in mammals. The expansion of lipid droplets and the differentiation of preadipocytes are two important aspects of mammalian lipid storage, CDS1 and CDS2 are important regulators of lipid storage; knocking down either isoform CDS1 or isoform CDS2 results in the formation of giant or supersized lipid droplets in cultured cells. Depleting CDS2 has a moderate inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation. Only a small number of phosphatidic acid species are increased upon depleting CDS2. The amount of phosphatidic acid in the endoplasmic reticulum is dramatically increased upon knocking down CDS1 or CDS2
Mus musculus