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Results 1 - 4 of 4
EC Number
Natural Substrates
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
overexpression of TcPRAC leads to an increase in parasite differentiation into infective forms and its subsequent penetration into host cells. During infection of its mammalian host, the parasite secretes a proline racemase that contributes to parasite immune evasion by acting as a B-cell mitogen
the simplest mechanism for ProR isomerization of L-Pro to D-Pro entails the Cys130/Cys300 dyad in the thiolate/thiol forms, respectively, while His132 and Asp296 are in their neutral and carboxylate forms, in this scheme Cys130 is deprotonated either by a water molecule or an initially neutral form of the amine moiety of the substrate, thus, His132 and Asp296 do not serve a catalytic acid-base role in the racemization step but interact tightly with the ammonium moiety of the substrate, the ProR catalytic cycle involves 2 proton-transfer reactions in either direction of the racemization
a free and intact active site of the enzyme is necessary to allow mitogenicity
Results 1 - 4 of 4