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Results 1 - 7 of 7
EC Number
Natural Substrates
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
(2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate
2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate
2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate
terpenoid biosynthesis
farnesyl diphosphate
biogenetic precursor of more than 300 different sesquiterpene hydrocarbon scaffolds in plants, bacteria and fungi
farnesyl diphosphate
The universal sesquiterpene precursor farnesyl diphosphate (15-carbon isoprenoid) is cyclized in an Mg2-dependent reaction to form the bicyclic hydrocarbon aristolochene and a diphosphate anion coproduct
reaction is a a cyclisation cascade that leads to the generation of two 6-membered rings, three chiral centres, and two double bonds with high regio- and stereospecificity. Concurrent to diphosphate expulsion enzyme facilitates attack of C1 in farnesyl diphosphate by the C10, C11-double bond to produce germacryl cation. Proton loss from C12 leads to the production of (S)-germacrene A which is then postulated to undergo reprotonation of the C6, C7-double bond and a further cyclisation to form the bicyclic eudesmane cation. Successive 1,2-hydride shift and methyl migration followed by loss of H on C8 completes the generation of (+)-aristolochene
trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate
the enzyme appeears to be transcriptionally regulated
Results 1 - 7 of 7