Information on Organism Drosophila melanogaster

Please wait a moment until all data is loaded. This message will disappear when all data is loaded.
EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
transferred to EC 1.1.5.3
deleted, the activty is included in EC 1.3.5.1, succinate dehydrogenase (quinone)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
transferred to EC 1.7.1.1, nitrate reductase (NADH), EC 1.7.1.2, nitrate reductase [NAD(P)H], EC 1.7.1.3, nitrate reductase (NADPH), EC 1.7.5.1, nitrate reductase (quinone), EC 1.7.7.2, nitrate reductase (ferredoxin) and EC 1.9.6.1, nitrate reductase (cytochrome)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
deleted 2008. Now divided into EC 4.3.1.23 (tyrosine ammonia-lyase), EC 4.3.1.24 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) and EC 4.3.1.25 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase)
transferred to EC 5.4.2.11, EC 5.4.2.12. Now recognized as two separate enzymes EC 5.4.2.11, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-dependent) and EC 5.4.2.12, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-independent)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
-
-
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
-
-
acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
-
-
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
-
-
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
chitin degradation to ethanol
-
-
Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
-
-
Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
-
-
ethanol degradation I
-
-
ethanol degradation II
-
-
ethanol fermentation
-
-
ethanolamine utilization
-
-
Fatty acid degradation
-
-
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
-
-
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
-
-
heterolactic fermentation
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation II
-
-
L-leucine degradation III
-
-
L-methionine degradation III
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation III
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation III
-
-
L-valine degradation II
-
-
leucine metabolism
-
-
Metabolic pathways
-
-
Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
-
-
methionine metabolism
-
-
Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
-
-
mixed acid fermentation
-
-
Naphthalene degradation
-
-
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
-
-
phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
phenylethanol biosynthesis
-
-
phytol degradation
-
-
propanol degradation
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
-
-
Retinol metabolism
-
-
salidroside biosynthesis
-
-
serotonin degradation
-
-
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
-
-
Tyrosine metabolism
-
-
tyrosine metabolism
-
-
valine metabolism
-
-
Caprolactam degradation
-
-
detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts
-
-
ethylene glycol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Glycerolipid metabolism
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine)
-
-
lipid metabolism
-
-
Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol I
-
-
traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis
-
-
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle
-
-
Glycerophospholipid metabolism
-
-
phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
degradation of sugar alcohols
-
-
xylitol degradation
-
-
D-glucuronate degradation I
-
-
L-arabinose degradation II
-
-
D-sorbitol degradation I
-
-
Fructose and mannose metabolism
-
-
D-galactose degradation IV
-
-
Folate biosynthesis
-
-
Galactose metabolism
-
-
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
-
-
Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
-
-
non-pathway related
-
-
teichuronic acid biosynthesis (B. subtilis 168)
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose)
-
-
(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
-
-
Bifidobacterium shunt
-
-
Cysteine and methionine metabolism
-
-
L-lactaldehyde degradation
-
-
lactate fermentation
-
-
Propanoate metabolism
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
-
-
Pyruvate metabolism
-
-
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation
-
-
alanine metabolism
-
-
L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
-
-
vancomycin resistance I
-
-
L-valine degradation I
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
-
-
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered)
-
-
mevalonate metabolism
-
-
mevalonate pathway I
-
-
mevalonate pathway II (archaea)
-
-
mevalonate pathway III (archaea)
-
-
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
-
-
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
2-methylpropene degradation
-
-
3-hydroxypropanoate/4-hydroxybutanate cycle
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis III (plants)
-
-
adipate degradation
-
-
androstenedione degradation
-
-
Benzoate degradation
-
-
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
Butanoate metabolism
-
-
Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase)
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase)
-
-
CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
-
-
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation I (generic)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation II (plant peroxisome)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation VI (mammalian peroxisome)
-
-
Fatty acid elongation
-
-
fatty acid salvage
-
-
Geraniol degradation
-
-
glutaryl-CoA degradation
-
-
L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
-
-
Lysine degradation
-
-
methyl ketone biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
methyl tert-butyl ether degradation
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation
-
-
phenylacetate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol (engineered)
-
-
Toluene degradation
-
-
Tryptophan metabolism
-
-
tryptophan metabolism
-
-
4-oxopentanoate degradation
-
-
acetyl-CoA fermentation to butanoate II
-
-
butanoate fermentation
-
-
ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway
-
-
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
-
-
polyhydroxybutanoate biosynthesis
-
-
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
-
-
C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
-
-
Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
-
-
Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
-
-
citric acid cycle
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway)
-
-
gluconeogenesis I
-
-
gluconeogenesis III
-
-
glyoxylate cycle
-
-
incomplete reductive TCA cycle
-
-
malate/L-aspartate shuttle pathway
-
-
Methane metabolism
-
-
methylaspartate cycle
-
-
partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
-
-
reductive TCA cycle I
-
-
reductive TCA cycle II
-
-
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation
-
-
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic)
-
-
TCA cycle II (plants and fungi)
-
-
TCA cycle III (animals)
-
-
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase)
-
-
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase)
-
-
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
-
-
gluconeogenesis
-
-
L-carnitine degradation III
-
-
L-malate degradation II
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
-
-
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
-
-
photosynthesis
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis III
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered)
-
-
Glutathione metabolism
-
-
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast)
-
-
TCA cycle VI (Helicobacter)
-
-
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers)
-
-
glucose degradation (oxidative)
-
-
Pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation I
-
-
superpathway of glycolysis and the Entner-Doudoroff pathway
-
-
androgen and estrogen metabolism
-
-
Steroid degradation
-
-
Steroid hormone biosynthesis
-
-
testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation VI
-
-
isoleucine metabolism
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine)
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-valine biosynthesis
-
-
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III
-
-
glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
retinoate biosynthesis I
-
-
Entner Doudoroff pathway
-
-
Arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
arachidonic acid metabolism
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
Drug metabolism - other enzymes
-
-
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
inosine 5'-phosphate degradation
-
-
Purine metabolism
-
-
purine metabolism
-
-
ketogluconate metabolism
formaldehyde oxidation
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
-
-
protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
-
-
retinol biosynthesis
-
-
the visual cycle I (vertebrates)
-
-
ascorbate metabolism
-
-
methane metabolism
-
-
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
-
-
ecdysteroid metabolism (arthropods)
-
-
Insect hormone biosynthesis
-
-
glycerol degradation I
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer
-
-
glycerol-3-phosphate to hydrogen peroxide electron transport
-
-
glycerophosphodiester degradation
-
-
nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction X (dissimilatory, periplasmic)
-
-
choline degradation I
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria)
-
-
glutamate and glutamine metabolism
-
-
alkane oxidation
-
-
Arginine and proline metabolism
-
-
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria)
-
-
beta-Alanine metabolism
-
-
beta-methyl-branched fatty acid alpha-oxidation
-
-
ceramide and sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast)
-
-
ceramide degradation by alpha-oxidation
-
-
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia)
-
-
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis II (Spartina)
-
-
dopamine degradation
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
-
-
ethanol degradation III
-
-
ethanol degradation IV
-
-
fatty acid alpha-oxidation I (plants)
-
-
histamine degradation
-
-
Histidine metabolism
-
-
histidine metabolism
-
-
hypotaurine degradation
-
-
Limonene and pinene degradation
-
-
limonene degradation IV (anaerobic)
-
-
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast)
-
-
octane oxidation
putrescine degradation III
-
-
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism
-
-
1,2-dichloroethane degradation
-
-
acetate fermentation
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
-
-
Phenylalanine metabolism
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
-
-
glycerol degradation to butanol
-
-
glycolysis
-
-
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis III (from glucose)
-
-
glycolysis IV (plant cytosol)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation III
-
-
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
-
-
Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation I
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation IV
-
-
GABA shunt
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IV
-
-
N-methylpyrrolidone degradation
-
-
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis II (NADP-dependent pyruvate dehydrogenase)
-
-
oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
-
-
Cutin, suberine and wax biosynthesis
-
-
plasmalogen biosynthesis
-
-
Spodoptera littoralis pheromone biosynthesis
-
-
sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis
-
-
wax esters biosynthesis I
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes)
-
-
L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway)
-
-
L-proline degradation
-
-
proline metabolism
-
-
Vitamin B6 metabolism
-
-
acetyl CoA biosynthesis
-
-
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA
-
-
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA
-
-
vitamin B1 metabolism
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis I
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol)
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol)
-
-
phytosterol biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
Steroid biosynthesis
-
-
ergosterol biosynthesis II
-
-
sterol biosynthesis (methylotrophs)
-
-
zymosterol biosynthesis
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (L-galactose pathway)
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent)
-
-
3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent)
-
-
heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
heme metabolism
-
-
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
-
-
superpathway of heme b biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III
-
-
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
-
-
aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
-
-
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
-
-
Oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
propionate fermentation
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
-
-
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
Pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
UMP biosynthesis I
-
-
UMP biosynthesis II
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation V
-
-
Arginine biosynthesis
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
-
-
L-glutamate degradation I
-
-
Nitrogen metabolism
-
-
Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
-
-
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis II
-
-
L-glutamate degradation X
-
-
L-ornithine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis I
-
-
L-glutamine degradation II
-
-
ammonia assimilation cycle I
-
-
L-glutamate biosynthesis IV
-
-
D-Arginine and D-ornithine metabolism
-
-
glycine metabolism
-
-
L-lysine degradation V
-
-
lysine metabolism
-
-
Penicillin and cephalosporin biosynthesis
-
-
Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine)
-
-
melatonin degradation II
-
-
4-amino-2-methyl-5-phosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants)
-
-
vitamin B6 metabolism
-
-
L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
phenylethylamine degradation I
-
-
threonine metabolism
-
-
Tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
glycine biosynthesis II
-
-
glycine cleavage
-
-
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
-
-
L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway)
-
-
L-ornithine degradation II (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis I (from L-glutamate)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine)
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis III (from L-ornithine)
-
-
folate transformations II (plants)
-
-
folate transformations III (E. coli)
-
-
One carbon pool by folate
-
-
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydrofolate metabolism
-
-
L-lysine degradation XI (mammalian)
-
-
folate transformations I
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation V
-
-
tetrahydropteridine recycling
-
-
polyamine pathway
-
-
spermine and spermidine degradation I
-
-
drosopterin and aurodrosopterin biosynthesis
-
-
oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis
L-citrulline biosynthesis
-
-
L-Ndelta-acetylornithine biosynthesis
-
-
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
-
-
creatinine degradation
-
-
creatinine degradation I
-
-
creatinine degradation II
-
-
Zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of photosynthetic hydrogen production
-
-
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
-
-
vitamin K-epoxide cycle
-
-
ascorbate recycling (cytosolic)
-
-
4-nitrophenol degradation I
-
-
Aminobenzoate degradation
-
-
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory)
-
-
ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
-
-
denitrification
-
-
nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
-
-
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
-
-
nitrifier denitrification
-
-
nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
-
-
allantoin degradation
-
-
Caffeine metabolism
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin I
-
-
nitrate assimilation
-
-
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA
-
-
glutathione metabolism
-
-
glutathione-peroxide redox reactions
-
-
Selenocompound metabolism
-
-
thioredoxin pathway
-
-
sulfate reduction
-
-
sulfite oxidation I
-
-
Sulfur metabolism
-
-
sulfide oxidation IV (mitochondria)
-
-
sulfite oxidation IV
-
-
gliotoxin biosynthesis
-
-
ascorbate glutathione cycle
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction I (to hydrogen sufide))
-
-
dissimilatory sulfate reduction II (to thiosulfate)
-
-
sulfite oxidation II
-
-
sulfite oxidation III
-
-
o-diquinones biosynthesis
-
-
justicidin B biosynthesis
-
-
matairesinol biosynthesis
-
-
sesamin biosynthesis
-
-
actinomycin D biosynthesis
-
-
reactive oxygen species degradation
-
-
superoxide radicals degradation
-
-
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
-
-
betanidin degradation
-
-
luteolin triglucuronide degradation
-
-
Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
-
-
thyroid hormone biosynthesis
-
-
2-nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I
-
-
catechol degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate II
-
-
Chlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzene degradation
-
-
phenol degradation
-
-
Styrene degradation
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via 4-methylcatechol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate (via toluene-cis-diol)
-
-
toluene degradation to 2-hydroxypentadienoate I (via o-cresol)
-
-
Xylene degradation
-
-
3-hydroxy-4-methyl-anthranilate biosynthesis I
-
-
3-hydroxy-4-methyl-anthranilate biosynthesis II
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation I (via anthranilate)
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine)
-
-
divinyl ether biosynthesis II
-
-
jasmonic acid biosynthesis
-
-
Linoleic acid metabolism
-
-
15-epi-lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
anandamide lipoxygenation
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
-
-
leukotriene biosynthesis
-
-
lipoxin biosynthesis
-
-
resolvin D biosynthesis
-
-
11-cis-3-hydroxyretinal biosynthesis
-
-
procollagen hydroxylation and glycosylation
-
-
nicotine degradation IV
-
-
nitric oxide biosynthesis II (mammals)
-
-
senecionine N-oxide biosynthesis
-
-
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation
-
-
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal)
-
-
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol)
-
-
Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis
-
-
bupropion degradation
-
-
melatonin degradation I
-
-
nicotine degradation V
-
-
vanillin biosynthesis I
-
-
bacterial bioluminescence
-
-
heme degradation I
-
-
androgen biosynthesis
-
-
astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae)
-
-
Carotenoid biosynthesis
-
-
carotenoid biosynthesis
-
-
flexixanthin biosynthesis
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic)
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis IV
-
-
Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II
-
-
betalamic acid biosynthesis
-
-
catecholamine biosynthesis
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II
-
-
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis
-
-
Betalain biosynthesis
-
-
firefly bioluminescence
-
-
L-dopa and L-dopachrome biosynthesis
-
-
pheomelanin biosynthesis
-
-
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
-
-
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
-
-
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi)
-
-
sorgoleone biosynthesis
-
-
bombykol biosynthesis
-
-
ceramide biosynthesis
-
-
ceramide de novo biosynthesis
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
Sphingolipid metabolism
-
-
ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone biosynthesis
-
-
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
-
-
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis
-
-
hypusine biosynthesis
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes)
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation)
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation III
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
theophylline degradation
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis IV
-
-
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
Photosynthesis
-
-
photosynthesis light reactions
-
-
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
-
-
L-methionine salvage from L-homocysteine
-
-
S-methyl-L-methionine cycle
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis IV (archaea)
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
capsaicin biosynthesis
-
-
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant)
-
-
scopoletin biosynthesis
-
-
Stilbenoid, diarylheptanoid and gingerol biosynthesis
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
caffeine biosynthesis I
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine)
-
-
theobromine biosynthesis I
-
-
methanogenesis from methanol
-
-
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis I
-
-
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis II
-
-
carnitine metabolism
-
-
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I
-
-
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate
-
-
UMP biosynthesis III
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria)
-
-
L-citrulline degradation
-
-
urea cycle
formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch)
-
-
Rubisco shunt
-
-
acetoin degradation
-
-
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis IV
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin I
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (R)-acetoin II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to (S)-acetoin
-
-
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis II (archaea)
-
-
chorismate metabolism
-
-
Nitrotoluene degradation
-
-
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle
-
-
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast)
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis I (6-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
dimorphecolate biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VII
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
-
-
ricinoleate biosynthesis
-
-
2-amino-3-hydroxycyclopent-2-enone biosynthesis
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine)
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (yeast)
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis I
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis II
-
-
oleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
palmitoyl ethanolamide biosynthesis
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
-
-
stigma estolide biosynthesis
-
-
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum)
-
-
flavonoid di-C-glucosylation
-
-
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phloridzin biosynthesis
-
-
xanthohumol biosynthesis
-
-
Fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
Biosynthesis of 12-, 14- and 16-membered macrolides
-
-
erythromycin D biosynthesis
-
-
penicillin K biosynthesis
-
-
(9Z)-tricosene biosynthesis
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
arachidonate biosynthesis V (8-detaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (8-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (8-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
-
-
juniperonate biosynthesis
-
-
sciadonate biosynthesis
-
-
stearate biosynthesis I (animals)
-
-
ultra-long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I
-
-
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II
-
-
Ac/N-end rule pathway
-
-
NAD salvage pathway V (PNC V cycle)
-
-
gamma-glutamyl cycle
-
-
hypoglycin biosynthesis
-
-
5-oxo-L-proline metabolism
-
-
protein ubiquitination
-
-
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis III (from citrate)
-
-
ferrichrome A biosynthesis
-
-
ketogenesis
-
-
Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
-
-
coenzyme B biosynthesis
-
-
FeMo cofactor biosynthesis
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis V
-
-
Lysine biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen degradation I
-
-
glycogen degradation II
-
-
glycogen metabolism
-
-
Starch and sucrose metabolism
-
-
starch degradation III
-
-
starch degradation V
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis II
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis III
-
-
metabolism of disaccharids
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis I
-
-
chitin biosynthesis
-
-
saponin biosynthesis II
-
-
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
-
-
starch biosynthesis
-
-
starch degradation
-
-
starch degradation II
-
-
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis
-
-
ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 2 precursor disaccharide
-
-
biosynthesis of Lewis epitopes (H. pylori)
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (vertebrates)
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - keratan sulfate
-
-
i antigen and I antigen biosynthesis
-
-
N-Glycan biosynthesis
-
-
terminal O-glycans residues modification (via type 2 precursor disaccharide)
-
-
Various types of N-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation
-
-
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation
-
-
Mucin type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
Other types of O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
-
-
ganglio-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
-
-
ABH and Lewis epitopes biosynthesis from type 1 precursor disaccharide
-
-
complex N-linked glycan biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - lacto and neolacto series
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
-
-
lacto-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
globo-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
neolacto-series glycosphingolipids biosynthesis
-
-
Mannose type O-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
protein O-mannosylation I (yeast)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation II (mammals, core M1 and core M2)
-
-
protein O-mannosylation III (mammals, core M3)
-
-
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen biosynthesis
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - chondroitin sulfate / dermatan sulfate
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - heparan sulfate / heparin
-
-
glycosaminoglycan-protein linkage region biosynthesis
-
-
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis
-
-
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages)
-
-
chondroitin biosynthesis
-
-
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation
-
-
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
protein N-glycosylation initial phase (eukaryotic)
-
-
ginsenoside metabolism
-
-
ginsenosides biosynthesis
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage I
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage III
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage V
-
-
arsenate detoxification I (mammalian)
-
-
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage
-
-
nucleoside and nucleotide degradation (archaea)
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation II
-
-
purine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
salinosporamide A biosynthesis
-
-
xanthine and xanthosine salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
(aminomethyl)phosphonate degradation
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage II
-
-
adenine salvage
-
-
glyphosate degradation III
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I
-
-
NAD biosynthesis III (from nicotinamide)
-
-
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II
-
-
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis
-
-
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis I (de novo)
-
-
queuosine biosynthesis III (queuosine salvage)
-
-
NAD metabolism
-
-
Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
(3R)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
(3S)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis
-
-
bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
ipsdienol biosynthesis
-
-
isoprenoid biosynthesis
-
-
linalool biosynthesis I
-
-
mono-trans, poly-cis decaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
stellatic acid biosynthesis
-
-
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
viridicatumtoxin biosynthesis
-
-
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine)
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II
-
-
methyl phomopsenoate biosynthesis
-
-
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
-
-
camalexin biosynthesis
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification I
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification II
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
-
-
pentachlorophenol degradation
-
-
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate
-
-
Ether lipid metabolism
-
-
trans-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
L-nicotianamine biosynthesis
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria)
-
-
metabolism of amino sugars and derivatives
-
-
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate)
-
-
(R)-cysteate degradation
-
-
aspartate and asparagine metabolism
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis II
-
-
cysteine metabolism
-
-
L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
-
-
L-aspartate biosynthesis
-
-
L-aspartate degradation I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation II
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation VI (Stickland reaction)
-
-
Novobiocin biosynthesis
-
-
sulfolactate degradation III
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-alanine degradation III
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes)
-
-
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis
-
-
atromentin biosynthesis
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation I
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation II
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol)
-
-
L-tyrosine degradation V (Stickland reaction)
-
-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis III
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
4-aminobutanoate degradation II
-
-
beta-alanine degradation I
-
-
nicotine degradation I (pyridine pathway)
-
-
glycine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis II
-
-
serine metabolism
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis VI
-
-
GDP-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
-
-
Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
-
-
Streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
-
-
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity)
-
-
trehalose degradation II (cytosolic)
-
-
trehalose degradation IV
-
-
trehalose degradation V
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
mannitol cycle
-
-
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
-
-
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
-
-
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)
-
-
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase)
-
-
D-galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway)
-
-
D-galactose detoxification
-
-
degradation of hexoses
-
-
stachyose degradation
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage VI
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
NAD phosphorylation and transhydrogenation
-
-
NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
-
coenzyme A biosynthesis I (prokaryotic)
-
-
coenzyme A biosynthesis II (eukaryotic)
-
-
coenzyme A metabolism
-
-
sulfate activation for sulfonation
-
-
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis I (aerobic)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis
-
-
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
flavin biosynthesis IV (mammalian)
-
-
Riboflavin metabolism
-
-
roseoflavin biosynthesis
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis II
-
-
superpathway of coenzyme A biosynthesis III (mammals)
-
-
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
-
-
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
-
-
glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
-
-
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose)
-
-
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
Inositol phosphate metabolism
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
choline biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine bioynthesis
-
-
ceramide degradation (generic)
-
-
sphingosine metabolism
-
-
fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule
-
-
type I lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. aureus)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis I (from Ins(1,4,5)P3)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
chitin degradation I (archaea)
-
-
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis V (from Ins(1,3,4)P3)
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis III (Spirodela polyrrhiza)
-
-
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis IV (Dictyostelium)
-
-
inositol diphosphates biosynthesis
-
-
tRNA splicing I
-
-
acetate and ATP formation from acetyl-CoA I
-
-
gallate degradation III (anaerobic)
-
-
glycine degradation (Stickland reaction)
-
-
L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate
-
-
L-threonine degradation I
-
-
methanogenesis from acetate
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV
-
-
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
-
-
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
Thiamine metabolism
-
-
CMP phosphorylation
-
-
ppGpp metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation
-
-
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis
-
-
ppGpp biosynthesis
-
-
NAD salvage pathway IV (from nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction II
-
-
assimilatory sulfate reduction III
-
-
Monobactam biosynthesis
-
-
selenate reduction
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis I
-
-
cell-surface glycoconjugate-linked phosphocholine biosynthesis
-
-
choline biosynthesis III
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II
-
-
Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
-
-
type IV lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. pneumoniae)
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling I
-
-
mRNA capping I
-
-
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed)
-
-
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes)
-
-
selenocysteine biosynthesis
-
-
thiosulfate disproportionation IV (rhodanese)
-
-
L-cysteine degradation III
-
-
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis
-
-
ketolysis
-
-
succinate fermentation to butanoate
-
-
methyl-coenzyme M reduction to methane
-
-
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
-
-
methylsalicylate degradation
-
-
superpathway of methylsalicylate metabolism
-
-
Bisphenol degradation
-
-
triacylglycerol degradation
-
-
phospholipases
-
-
plasmalogen degradation
-
-
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway)
-
-
sorbitol biosynthesis II
-
-
chlorogenic acid degradation
-
-
acyl-CoA hydrolysis
-
-
cutin biosynthesis
-
-
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
3-phenylpropionate degradation
-
-
diethylphosphate degradation
-
-
sulfopterin metabolism
-
-
phosphate acquisition
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis I
-
-
2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
NAD salvage pathway III (to nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants)
-
-
tunicamycin biosynthesis
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I
-
-
mycolate biosynthesis
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis II
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis III
-
-
phytate degradation I
-
-
3-phosphoinositide degradation
-
-
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation
-
-
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals)
-
-
sphingomyelin metabolism
-
-
Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
chlorpyrifos degradation
-
-
degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
-
-
methyl parathion degradation
-
-
paraoxon degradation
-
-
parathion degradation
-
-
tRNA processing
-
-
cellulose degradation
-
-
cellulose degradation II (fungi)
-
-
chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
-
-
chitin degradation III (Serratia)
-
-
Other glycan degradation
-
-
starch degradation I
-
-
alpha-tomatine degradation
-
-
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate)
-
-
linamarin degradation
-
-
linustatin bioactivation
-
-
lotaustralin degradation
-
-
neolinustatin bioactivation
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan degradation
-
-
lactose degradation II
-
-
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase)
-
-
d-mannose degradation
-
-
sucrose degradation V (sucrose alpha-glucosidase)
-
-
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic)
-
-
beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
-
-
degradation of sugar acids
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling II
-
-
starch degradation IV
-
-
pectin degradation II
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis V
-
-
beta-(1,4)-mannan degradation
-
-
fructan degradation
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (plants and animals)
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (yeast)
-
-
amygdalin and prunasin degradation
-
-
aromatic glucosinolate activation
-
-
glucosinolate activation
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (herbivore attack)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway I (PNC VI cycle)
-
-
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis
-
-
alliin metabolism
-
-
methiin metabolism
-
-
propanethial S-oxide biosynthesis
-
-
Arg/N-end rule pathway (eukaryotic)
-
-
glutathione degradation (DUG pathway - yeast)
-
-
muropeptide degradation
-
-
felinine and 3-methyl-3-sulfanylbutan-1-ol biosynthesis
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tyrosine
-
-
glutamate removal from folates
-
-
nocardicin A biosynthesis
-
-
L-asparagine degradation I
-
-
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis
-
-
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-glutamine degradation I
-
-
acrylonitrile degradation I
-
-
arginine metabolism
-
-
IAA biosynthesis
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria)
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria)
-
-
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
-
-
Atrazine degradation
-
-
urea degradation II
-
-
thymine degradation
-
-
uracil degradation I (reductive)
-
-
3-hydroxyquinaldate biosynthesis
-
-
quinoxaline-2-carboxylate biosynthesis
-
-
Biotin metabolism
-
-
aldoxime degradation
-
-
cyanide detoxification II
-
-
anandamide degradation
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
-
-
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin II
-
-
urate conversion to allantoin III
-
-
canavanine degradation
-
-
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis III
-
-
protein citrullination
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II
-
-
formaldehyde oxidation VII (THF pathway)
-
-
formate assimilation into 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate
-
-
L-histidine degradation III
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway
-
-
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway I (homoacetogenic bacteria)
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (Plasmodium)
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis II
-
-
preQ0 biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis
-
-
threo-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Chlamydia)
-
-
toxoflavin biosynthesis
-
-
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi)
-
-
chitin derivatives degradation
-
-
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
-
-
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
-
-
beta-alanine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate)
-
-
superpathway of ornithine degradation
-
-
histamine biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis
-
-
methanofuran biosynthesis
-
-
octopamine biosynthesis
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopamine)
-
-
taurine biosynthesis I
-
-
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
-
-
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis III
-
-
spermine biosynthesis
-
-
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis II
-
-
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (prokaryotic)
-
-
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (prokaryotic)
-
-
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic)
-
-
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (prokaryotic)
-
-
ubiquinone biosynthesis
-
-
methylgallate degradation
-
-
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway)
-
-
syringate degradation
-
-
alkane biosynthesis I
-
-
cuticular wax biosynthesis
-
-
heptadecane biosynthesis
-
-
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis
3-hydroxypropanoate cycle
-
-
cyanate degradation
glyoxylate assimilation
-
-
(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-docosapentaenoate biosynthesis (6-desaturase)
-
-
(8E,10E)-dodeca-8,10-dienol biosynthesis
-
-
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation IV (unsaturated, even number)
-
-
fermentation to 2-methylbutanoate
-
-
L-isoleucine degradation I
-
-
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion
-
-
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
-
-
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose)
-
-
GDP-mycosamine biosynthesis
-
-
pseudouridine degradation
-
-
10-cis-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (yeast)
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (MFE-dependent, yeast)
-
-
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
6-gingerol analog biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
9-cis, 11-trans-octadecadienoyl-CoA degradation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation VII (yeast peroxisome)
-
-
polyhydroxydecanoate biosynthesis
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
chondroitin sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial)
-
-
gossypol biosynthesis
-
-
lacinilene C biosynthesis
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
L-ornithine degradation I (L-proline biosynthesis)
-
-
L-threonine degradation V
-
-
canavanine biosynthesis
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline)
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis III
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation I
-
-
cyanide degradation
-
-
cyanide detoxification I
-
-
Dioxin degradation
-
-
tRNA splicing II
-
-
heme b biosynthesis II (oxygen-independent)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (partial)
-
-
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactose biosynthesis
-
-
5-nitroanthranilate degradation
-
-
gentisate degradation I
-
-
d-xylose degradation
-
-
D-xylose degradation I
-
-
D-sorbitol biosynthesis I
-
-
GDP-mannose biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number)
-
-
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (isomerase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (reductase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
oleate beta-oxidation (thioesterase-dependent, yeast)
-
-
eumelanin biosynthesis
-
-
streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol biosynthesis
-
-
Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
-
-
salicylate biosynthesis I
-
-
vitamin K metabolism
-
-
lanosterol biosynthesis
-
-
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-galactofuranose biosynthesis
-
-
catechol degradation to beta-ketoadipate
-
-
Fluorobenzoate degradation
-
-
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
mycothiol biosynthesis
-
-
myo-inositol biosynthesis
Aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis
-
-
tRNA charging
-
-
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA
-
-
adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis
-
-
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation
-
-
colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis
-
-
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V
-
-
lupulone and humulone biosynthesis
-
-
cannabinoid biosynthesis
-
-
alkane biosynthesis II
-
-
gamma-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (6-desaturase, mammals)
-
-
linoleate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
long-chain fatty acid activation
-
-
oleate biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plant cytoplasm)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants)
-
-
wax esters biosynthesis II
-
-
itaconate degradation
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI
-
-
ammonia assimilation cycle II
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis I
-
-
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VI (assimilatory)
-
-
pantothenate biosynthesis
-
-
ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
glutathione biosynthesis
-
-
homoglutathione biosynthesis
-
-
ophthalmate biosynthesis
-
-
taurine biosynthesis II
-
-
biotin biosynthesis
-
-
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly
-
-
Aflatoxin biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
-
-
jadomycin biosynthesis
-
-
propanoyl CoA degradation I
-
-
L-leucine degradation I
-
-
Fe(II) oxidation
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers)
-
-
formate to nitrite electron transfer
-
-
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory)
-
-
ATP biosynthesis
-
-
oleandomycin activation/inactivation
-
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE