BRENDA - Enzyme Database
show all sequences of 4.4.1.9

beta-Cyanoalanine synthase and cysteine synthase from potato: molecular cloning, biochemical characterization, and spatial and hormonal regulation

Maruyama, A.; Saito, K.; Ishizawa, K.; Plant Mol. Biol. 46, 749-760 (2001)

Data extracted from this reference:

Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
expression of PCAS-1 in Escherichia coli; expression of PCAS-2 in Escherichia coli
Solanum tuberosum
KM Value [mM]
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.13
-
CN-
pH 8.5
Solanum tuberosum
0.134
-
O-acetyl-L-serine
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
0.75
-
Na2S
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
1.5
2
Na2S
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
2.14
-
O-acetyl-L-serine
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
2.76
-
L-cysteine
pH 8.5
Solanum tuberosum
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
37600
-
x * 37600, immunoblot
Solanum tuberosum
38200
-
x * 38200, immunoblot
Solanum tuberosum
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
L-cysteine + HCN
Solanum tuberosum
-
sulfide + L-3-cyanoalanine
-
Solanum tuberosum
?
O-acetyl-L-serine + sulfide
Solanum tuberosum
-
L-cysteine + acetate
-
Solanum tuberosum
?
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Solanum tuberosum
Q76MX2
cv. Danshaku
-
Solanum tuberosum
Q9FS29
cv. Danshaku
-
Purification (Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
recombinant PCAS-1; recombinant PCAS-2
Solanum tuberosum
Source Tissue
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
bud
6.2 times and 2.5 times higher levels than in tubers and leaves, respectively
Solanum tuberosum
-
leaf
-
Solanum tuberosum
-
tuber
-
Solanum tuberosum
-
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Minimum [µmol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Maximum [µmol/min/mg]
Commentary
Organism
0.25
-
substrate L-cysteine
Solanum tuberosum
0.43
-
substrate O-acetyl-L-serine
Solanum tuberosum
49.5
-
substrate O-acetyl-L-serine
Solanum tuberosum
66.2
-
substrate L-cysteine
Solanum tuberosum
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
L-cysteine + HCN
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
sulfide + L-3-cyanoalanine
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
?
L-cysteine + NaCN
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
L-3-cyanoalanin + Na2S
-
-
-
-
O-acetyl-L-serine + sulfide
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
L-cysteine + acetate
-
-
-
-
O-acetyl-L-serine + sulfide
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
L-cysteine + acetate
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
?
Subunits
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 37600, immunoblot; x * 38200, immunoblot
Solanum tuberosum
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
expression of PCAS-1 in Escherichia coli; expression of PCAS-2 in Escherichia coli
Solanum tuberosum
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.13
-
CN-
pH 8.5
Solanum tuberosum
0.134
-
O-acetyl-L-serine
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
0.75
-
Na2S
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
1.5
2
Na2S
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
2.14
-
O-acetyl-L-serine
pH 7.5
Solanum tuberosum
2.76
-
L-cysteine
pH 8.5
Solanum tuberosum
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
37600
-
x * 37600, immunoblot
Solanum tuberosum
38200
-
x * 38200, immunoblot
Solanum tuberosum
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
L-cysteine + HCN
Solanum tuberosum
-
sulfide + L-3-cyanoalanine
-
Solanum tuberosum
?
O-acetyl-L-serine + sulfide
Solanum tuberosum
-
L-cysteine + acetate
-
Solanum tuberosum
?
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
recombinant PCAS-1; recombinant PCAS-2
Solanum tuberosum
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
bud
6.2 times and 2.5 times higher levels than in tubers and leaves, respectively
Solanum tuberosum
-
leaf
-
Solanum tuberosum
-
tuber
-
Solanum tuberosum
-
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Specific Activity Minimum [µmol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Maximum [µmol/min/mg]
Commentary
Organism
0.25
-
substrate L-cysteine
Solanum tuberosum
0.43
-
substrate O-acetyl-L-serine
Solanum tuberosum
49.5
-
substrate O-acetyl-L-serine
Solanum tuberosum
66.2
-
substrate L-cysteine
Solanum tuberosum
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
L-cysteine + HCN
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
sulfide + L-3-cyanoalanine
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
?
L-cysteine + NaCN
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
L-3-cyanoalanin + Na2S
-
-
-
-
O-acetyl-L-serine + sulfide
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
L-cysteine + acetate
-
-
-
-
O-acetyl-L-serine + sulfide
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
L-cysteine + acetate
-
637388
Solanum tuberosum
?
Subunits (protein specific)
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 37600, immunoblot; x * 38200, immunoblot
Solanum tuberosum
Other publictions for EC 4.4.1.9
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
747937
Herfurth
beta-Cyanoalanine synthases a ...
Anthocharis cardamines, Aporia crataegi, Colias croceus, Gonepteryx rhamni, Plutella xylostella, Spodoptera littoralis, Zygaena filipendulae
Insects
8
62
2017
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26
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13
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13
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747936
van Ohlen
Cyanide detoxification in an ...
Pieris rapae
Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol.
70
99-110
2016
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5
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3
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1
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1
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5
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1
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3
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5
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3
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3
3
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5
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729637
Wybouw
A gene horizontally transferre ...
Tetranychus urticae
eLife
3
e02365
2014
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1
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1
1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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2
2
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-
730655
Garcia
Beyond toxicity: A regulatory ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Signal. Behav.
9
e27612
2014
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1
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1
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4
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1
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2
2
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729635
Yu
On the role of beta-cyanoalani ...
Oryza sativa
Ecotoxicology
21
548-556
2012
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1
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1
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3
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
-
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-
730601
Yi
Structure of soybean beta-cyan ...
Glycine max
Plant Cell
24
2696-2706
2012
-
-
1
1
1
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2
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
1
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1
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1
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3
1
1
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2
1
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2
2
-
2
2
730696
Stauber
Turning the mustard oil bomb i ...
Pieris rapae
PLoS ONE
7
e35545
2012
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2
2
-
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716554
Marrero-Degro
-
Isolation and Characterization ...
Manihot esculenta
Plant Mol. Biol. Rep.
29
514-524
2011
-
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1
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704926
Gupta
Enzymatic mechanism and bioche ...
Bacillus megaterium
J. Hazard. Mater.
176
1-13
2010
3
-
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1
1
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1
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1
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1
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716028
Machingura
-
Increased ?-cyanoalanine synth ...
Triticum aestivum
J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
173
808-810
2010
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1
1
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716516
Garcia
Mitochondrial beta-cyanoalanin ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Cell
22
3268-3279
2010
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1
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1
1
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693422
Lai
Heterologous expression analys ...
Oryza sativa
J. Exp. Bot.
60
993-1008
2009
2
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1
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2
6
1
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7
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706135
Kongsawadworakul
The leaf, inner bark and latex ...
Hevea brasiliensis
Phytochemistry
70
730-739
2009
-
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1
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693811
Chon
-
Role of ethylene in abnormal s ...
Echinochloa crus-galli
J. Pestic. Sci.
33
67-72
2008
2
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680158
Ogunlabi
A soluble beta-cyanoalanine sy ...
Zonocerus variegatus
Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol.
37
72-79
2007
-
1
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2
1
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4
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682356
Han
Expression of MdCAS1 and MdCAS ...
Malus domestica
Plant Cell Rep.
26
1321-1331
2007
2
1
1
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2
2
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2
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666539
Abdallah
-
Mechanism of resistance to qui ...
Digitaria ischaemum
Pestic. Biochem. Physiol.
84
38-48
2006
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1
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1
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682304
Takahashi
Beta-cyanoalanine synthase as ...
Solanum lycopersicum
Phytopathology
96
908-916
2006
5
1
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4
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3
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1
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3
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652590
Omura
Purification, characterization ...
Geobacillus stearothermophilus
J. Biosci. Bioeng.
95
470-475
2003
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1
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2
2
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5
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1
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1
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9
1
1
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2
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1
1
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1
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1
1
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2
2
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1
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1
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9
1
1
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2
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1
1
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653559
Liang
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Drought stress increases both ...
Nicotiana tabacum
Plant Sci.
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Modulation of cyanoalanine syn ...
Spinacia oleracea
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6
13
3
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1
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3
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637388
Maruyama
beta-Cyanoalanine synthase and ...
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Plant Mol. Biol.
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1
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1
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653555
Liang
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The two b-cyanoalanine synthas ...
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1
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637378
Warrilow
Cysteine synthase (O-acetylser ...
Spinacia oleracea
J. Exp. Bot.
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5
1
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1
1
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1
3
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1
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3
3
3
1
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1
2
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1
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1
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5
1
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1
1
-
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-
653462
Maruyama
Purification and characterizat ...
Solanum tuberosum
Plant Cell Physiol.
41
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2000
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4
1
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2
2
-
3
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1
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1
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2
1
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1
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1
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1
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4
1
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2
2
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1
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2
1
-
2
1
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1
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653464
Yamaguchi
Three Arabidopsis genes encodi ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Cell Physiol.
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1
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2
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6
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1
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1
1
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4
1
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3
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6
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653511
Hatzfeld
beta-Cyanoalanine synthase is ...
Arabidopsis thaliana, Spinacia oleracea
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2
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8
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4
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6
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2
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8
4
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4
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4
-
6
-
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-
-
-
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-
-
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34737
Maruyama
Cytosolic beta-cyanoalanine sy ...
Xanthium pennsylvanicum
Plant Cell Physiol.
39
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1998
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-
-
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2
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3
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3
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34735
Wen
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Increase of HCN and beta-cyano ...
Solanum tuberosum
Plant Sci.
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1997
1
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-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
-
-
-
34738
Hasegawa
-
The presence of two types of b ...
Allium cepa, Cucumis sativus, Hordeum vulgare, Oryza sativa, Xanthium pennsylvanicum
Physiol. Plant.
93
713-718
1995
3
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2
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5
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1
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5
1
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5
1
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-
-
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2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34736
Meyers.
Link between L-3-cyanoalanine ...
Spodoptera eridania, Trichoplusia ni
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
1075
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1991
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-
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2
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5
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4
-
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-
-
-
-
34716
Ikegami
-
Purification and properties of ...
Lupinus sp., Vicia sativa subsp. nigra
Phytochemistry
28
2285-2291
1989
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
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2
2
-
2
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1
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2
1
1
7
1
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2
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1
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1
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7
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2
2
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1
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2
1
1
7
1
-
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2
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
34717
Ikegami
-
Purification and properties of ...
Lathyrus latifolius
Phytochemistry
27
3385-3389
1988
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
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-
2
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1
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1
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2
1
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2
1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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2
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2
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1
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2
1
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2
1
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-
1
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-
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-
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-
-
-
-
34718
Ikegami
-
Purification and properties of ...
Spinacia oleracea
Phytochemistry
27
2011-2016
1988
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-
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-
2
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-
2
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1
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1
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1
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7
1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
-
7
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34733
Selmar
Mobilization and utilization o ...
Hevea brasiliensis
Plant Physiol.
86
711-716
1988
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-
-
-
-
-
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1
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2
-
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-
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-
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34734
Yip
Cyanide metabolism in relation ...
Malus sylvestris, Persea americana
Plant Physiol.
88
473-476
1988
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-
-
-
-
-
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4
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2
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-
4
-
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-
-
-
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-
-
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-
-
-
-
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34731
Manning
Ethylene production and beta-c ...
Dianthus caryophyllus
Planta
168
61-66
1986
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
-
1
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1
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2
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1
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1
-
2
-
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-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34732
Nahrstedt
-
(R) Mandelonitrile and prunasi ...
Paropsis atomaria
Z. Naturforsch. C
41
928-934
1986
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-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
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1
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1
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1
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-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
-
-
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34719
Wurtele
Subcellular and developmental ...
Hordeum vulgare
Plant Physiol.
78
285-290
1985
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
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2
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-
1
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-
1
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2
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1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34720
Wurtele
Tissue distribution of beta-cy ...
Allium ampeloprasum, Pisum sativum, Sorghum bicolor, Sorghum x drummondii, Zea mays
Plant Physiol.
75
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1984
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-
-
-
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11
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18
-
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5
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-
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-
-
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-
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-
-
18
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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34721
Macadam
-
Purification and properties of ...
Chromobacterium violaceum
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
786
123-132
1984
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-
-
-
-
-
15
1
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3
2
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1
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
15
-
1
-
3
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34730
Stulen
Enzymes of asparagine synthesi ...
Zea mays
Planta
146
237-241
1979
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-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
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-
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-
3
-
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-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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34729
Tsai
Stereochemistry of the beta-cy ...
Lupinus sp.
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
190
553-559
1978
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
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-
-
1
-
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1
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-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34722
Svenson
The application of cyanide-met ...
Vicia sativa
Anal. Biochem.
83
739-745
1977
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34723
Akopyan
beta-Cyanoalanine synthase: pu ...
Lupinus sp.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
72
1617-1621
1975
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34725
Guilbault
Measurement of -cyanoalanine s ...
Escherichia coli
Anal. Biochem.
46
200-208
1972
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34724
Hendickson
-
beta-Cyanoalanine synthase (bl ...
Lupinus sp.
Methods Enzymol.
17B
233-239
1971
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
2
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
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-
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-
34726
Castric
Formation of -cyanoalanine by ...
Bacillus megaterium
J. Bacteriol.
108
132-136
1971
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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1
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1
-
-
-
1
-
2
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
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-
1
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
34728
Hendrickson
Cyanide metabolism in higher p ...
Lupinus sp.
J. Biol. Chem.
244
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1969
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-
-
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7
2
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1
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1
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1
-
-
1
2
-
2
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-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
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-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
7
-
2
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
34727
Hendrickson
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The beta-cyanoalanine synthase ...
Chlorella sp., Escherichia coli, Lupinus sp.
Fed. Proc.
27
593
1968
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