BRENDA - Enzyme Database
show all sequences of 4.1.99.5

Production of propane and other short-chain alkanes by structure-based engineering of ligand specificity in aldehyde-deformylating oxygenase

Khara, B.; Menon, N.; Levy, C.; Mansell, D.; Das, D.; Marsh, E.N.; Leys, D.; Scrutton, N.S.; ChemBioChem 14, 1204-1208 (2013)

Data extracted from this reference:

Cloned(Commentary)
Cloned (Commentary)
Organism
recombinant expression of mutants V41Y and A134F
Prochlorococcus marinus
Engineering
Protein Variants
Commentary
Organism
A134F
site-directed mutagenesis, the mutant has the same global architecture as wild-type enzyme, the mutant shows highly reduced activity with the majority of long-chain aldehyde substrates tested. the A134F variant displays an approximate fourfold increase in the rate of butanal consumption and approximately sixfold increase in pentanal consumption compared to wild-type enzyme, the mutant generates enhanced levels of propane production in whole-cell biotransformations compared to wild-type cADO
Prochlorococcus marinus
additional information
alteration of the enzyme's substrate specificity by engineering of active site residues involved in substrate binding, residues V41 and A134, adjacent to the C9 position of the ligand, might influence fatty acid binding, overview
Prochlorococcus marinus
V41Y
site-directed mutagenesis, the mutant has the same global architecture as wild-type enzyme, the mutant shows highly reduced activity with the majority of long-chain aldehyde substrates tested
Prochlorococcus marinus
V41Y/A134F
site-directed mutagenesis, the double mutant shows reduced activity with long-chain aldehyde substrates and increased activity with short-chain aldehyde substrates like the single mutants
Prochlorococcus marinus
Metals/Ions
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Fe2+
di-iron centre, coordinated by two histidine residues and four carboxylates from glutamate side chains
Prochlorococcus marinus
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
ID
additional information
Prochlorococcus marinus
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
?
-
-
-
additional information
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
?
-
-
-
Organism
Organism
UniProt
Commentary
Textmining
Prochlorococcus marinus
-
-
-
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
-
-
-
Purification (Commentary)
Purification (Commentary)
Organism
recombinant enzyme mutants V41Y and A134F to homogeneity
Prochlorococcus marinus
Reaction
Reaction
Commentary
Organism
Reaction ID
a long-chain aldehyde + O2 + 2 NADPH + 2 H+ = an alkane + formate + H2O + 2 NADP+
mechanism of the unusual iron-catalysed decarbonylation reaction
Prochlorococcus marinus
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
Substrate Product ID
butanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
propane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
butanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
propane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
additional information
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
?
-
-
-
-
octadecanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
heptadecane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
octadecanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
heptadecane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
pentanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
butane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
pentanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
butane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
Synonyms
Synonyms
Commentary
Organism
ADO
-
Prochlorococcus marinus
aldehyde-deformylating oxygenase
-
Prochlorococcus marinus
cADO
-
Prochlorococcus marinus
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
37
-
assay at
Prochlorococcus marinus
pH Optimum
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7.2
-
assay at
Prochlorococcus marinus
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NADH
-
Prochlorococcus marinus
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
recombinant expression of mutants V41Y and A134F
Prochlorococcus marinus
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NADH
-
Prochlorococcus marinus
Engineering (protein specific)
Protein Variants
Commentary
Organism
A134F
site-directed mutagenesis, the mutant has the same global architecture as wild-type enzyme, the mutant shows highly reduced activity with the majority of long-chain aldehyde substrates tested. the A134F variant displays an approximate fourfold increase in the rate of butanal consumption and approximately sixfold increase in pentanal consumption compared to wild-type enzyme, the mutant generates enhanced levels of propane production in whole-cell biotransformations compared to wild-type cADO
Prochlorococcus marinus
additional information
alteration of the enzyme's substrate specificity by engineering of active site residues involved in substrate binding, residues V41 and A134, adjacent to the C9 position of the ligand, might influence fatty acid binding, overview
Prochlorococcus marinus
V41Y
site-directed mutagenesis, the mutant has the same global architecture as wild-type enzyme, the mutant shows highly reduced activity with the majority of long-chain aldehyde substrates tested
Prochlorococcus marinus
V41Y/A134F
site-directed mutagenesis, the double mutant shows reduced activity with long-chain aldehyde substrates and increased activity with short-chain aldehyde substrates like the single mutants
Prochlorococcus marinus
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Fe2+
di-iron centre, coordinated by two histidine residues and four carboxylates from glutamate side chains
Prochlorococcus marinus
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
ID
additional information
Prochlorococcus marinus
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
?
-
-
-
additional information
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
?
-
-
-
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
recombinant enzyme mutants V41Y and A134F to homogeneity
Prochlorococcus marinus
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
ID
butanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
propane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
butanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
propane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
additional information
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
natural specificity of cADO to favour reactivity against short-chain over long-chain aldehydes
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
?
-
-
-
-
octadecanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
heptadecane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
octadecanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
heptadecane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
pentanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus
butane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
pentanal + O2 + 2 NADH + 2 H+
with reducing system NADH/phenazine methosulfate
727312
Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
butane + formate + H2O + 2 NAD+
GC-MS poduct analysis
-
-
?
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
37
-
assay at
Prochlorococcus marinus
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7.2
-
assay at
Prochlorococcus marinus
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
additional information
the enzyme shows a mainly alpha helical architecture, with a ferritin-like four-helix bundle. The latter contains the di-iron centre, coordinated by two histidine residues and four carboxylates from glutamate side chains. Substrates access the active site through a tunnel-like hydrophobic pocket. Active site structure analysis from crystal structure, PDB ID 20C5
Prochlorococcus marinus
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
additional information
the enzyme shows a mainly alpha helical architecture, with a ferritin-like four-helix bundle. The latter contains the di-iron centre, coordinated by two histidine residues and four carboxylates from glutamate side chains. Substrates access the active site through a tunnel-like hydrophobic pocket. Active site structure analysis from crystal structure, PDB ID 20C5
Prochlorococcus marinus
Other publictions for EC 4.1.99.5
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Synonyms
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
747409
Wang
Identification of residues im ...
Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805 R2, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
BMC Biotechnol.
17
31-39
2017
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21
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8
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3
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9
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1
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1
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21
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11
1
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28
-
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2
2
-
9
9
748564
Patrikainen
Comparison of orthologous cya ...
Nostoc punctiforme, Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 / PCC 73102, Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT 9313, Synechococcus sp. RS9917, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
Metab. Eng. Commun.
5
9-18
2017
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4
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5
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6
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13
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30
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14
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30
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746976
Park
Crystal structures of aldehyd ...
Limnothrix redekei, Limnothrix redekei KNUA012, Oscillatoria sp. KNUA011
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
477
395-400
2016
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2
2
2
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5
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2
2
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2
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4
4
-
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747351
Bao
Structure-oriented substrate ...
Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805 R2
Biotechnol. Biofuels
9
185
2016
-
-
1
-
13
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7
-
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2
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6
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1
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14
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6
1
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1
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1
1
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13
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7
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2
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1
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14
-
1
-
-
8
1
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
8
8
747353
Zhang
Microbial synthesis of propan ...
Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT 9313
Biotechnol. Biofuels
9
80
2016
-
-
1
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
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2
-
7
-
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4
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3
1
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1
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1
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3
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2
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4
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1
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1
1
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747081
Warui
Efficient delivery of long-ch ...
Nostoc punctiforme, Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 / PCC 73102
Biochemistry
54
1006-1015
2015
-
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2
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9
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2
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2
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2
2
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748027
Rajakovich
Rapid reduction of the diferr ...
Nostoc punctiforme, Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 / PCC 73102
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
137
11695-11709
2015
-
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-
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1
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2
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8
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1
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10
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10
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1
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1
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1
1
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748032
Shokri
Conversion of aldehyde to alk ...
Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT 9313
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
137
7686-7691
2015
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1
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6
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1
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2
2
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749051
Hayashi
Role of cysteine residues in ...
Nostoc punctiforme, Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 / PCC 73102
PLoS ONE
10
e0122217
2015
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1
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8
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1
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1
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2
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7
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10
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1
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5
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1
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10
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1
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5
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3
3
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749212
Jia
Structural insights into the ...
Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805 R2
Protein Cell
6
55-67
2015
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1
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3
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1
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4
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726552
Das
Mechanistic insights from reac ...
Nostoc punctiforme
ACS Chem. Biol.
9
570-577
2014
-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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746597
Buer
Insights into substrate and m ...
Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT 9313
ACS Chem. Biol.
9
2584-2593
2014
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1
1
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8
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2
2
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747074
Waugh
Solvent isotope effects on al ...
Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
Biochemistry
53
5537-5543
2014
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1
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1
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3
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1
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6
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1
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1
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1
1
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726548
Aukema
Cyanobacterial aldehyde deform ...
Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT 9313
ACS Catal.
3
2228-2238
2013
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1
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727215
Zhang
Conversion of fatty aldehydes ...
Synechococcus elongatus, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942
Biotechnol. Biofuels
6
86
2013
-
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1
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1
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1
2
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4
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1
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10
1
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1
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1
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1
3
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1
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1
1
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1
1
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727312
Khara
Production of propane and othe ...
Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313
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8
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727690
Pandelia
Substrate-triggered addition o ...
Nostoc punctiforme
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2013
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1
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727693
Paul
Probing the mechanism of cyano ...
Nostoc punctiforme
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2013
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727001
Li
Evidence for only oxygenative ...
Prochlorococcus marinus
Biochemistry
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2012
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3
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1
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1
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1
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715293
Warui
Detection of formate, rather t ...
Nostoc punctiforme
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2011
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1
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715300
Li
Conversion of fatty aldehydes ...
Nostoc punctiforme
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2011
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726957
Eser
Oxygen-independent alkane form ...
Nostoc punctiforme, Prochlorococcus marinus, Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9313, Synechococcus sp., Synechocystis sp.
Biochemistry
50
10743-10750
2011
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15
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4
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4
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4
4
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713511
Schirmer
Microbial biosynthesis of alka ...
Nostoc punctiforme
Science
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2010
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Schneider-Belhaddad
Solubilization, partial purifi ...
Pisum sativum
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2000
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1
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648396
Kobayashi
Cobalt proteins ...
Botryococcus braunii
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1-9
1999
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648394
Dennis
A cobalt-porphyrin enzyme conv ...
Botryococcus braunii, Botryococcus braunii Austin
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
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5306-5310
1992
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Dennis
Alkane biosynthesis by decarbo ...
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1991
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Cheesbrough
Microsomal preparation from an ...
Podiceps nigricollis
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648391
Cheesbrough
Alkane biosynthesis by decarbo ...
Pisum sativum
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1984
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