BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 3.7.1.4

A comparative study on the metabolism of Epimedium koreanum nakai-prenylated flavonoids in rats by an intestinal enzyme (lactase phlorizin hydrolase) and intestinal flora

Zhou, J.; Chen, Y.; Wang, Y.; Gao, X.; Qu, D.; Liu, C.; Molecules 19, 177-203 (2014)

Data extracted from this reference:

Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
gluconolactone
-
Rattus norvegicus
Localization
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
brush border
-
Rattus norvegicus
5903
-
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
baohuoside I + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
baohuoside I + H2O
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin C + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
icariin + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
the metabolic pathways of icariin by rat intestinal flora and enzyme solution are basically the same, including 3-O-rhamnose, 7-O-glucose hydrolysis or dual 3, 7-hydrolysis. Compared to 3-O-rhamnose and dual hydrolysis of 3, 7-, the 7-O-glucose hydrolysis is easier. The yielded metabolites contain M1 (icariside I), M2 (icaritin), and baohuoside I
?
-
-
?
additional information
Rattus norvegicus
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
?
-
-
-
additional information
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
?
-
-
-
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Rattus norvegicus
Q02401
-
-
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
Q02401
-
-
Source Tissue
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
intestine
-
Rattus norvegicus
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
baohuoside I + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
baohuoside I + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin C + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
icariin + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
icariin + H2O
the metabolic pathways of icariin by rat intestinal flora and enzyme solution are basically the same, including 3-O-rhamnose, 7-O-glucose hydrolysis or dual 3, 7-hydrolysis. Compared to 3-O-rhamnose and dual hydrolysis of 3, 7-, the 7-O-glucose hydrolysis is easier. The yielded metabolites contain M1 (icariside I), M2 (icaritin), and baohuoside I
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
additional information
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
the enzyme has two distinct catalytic active sites, one for the hydrolysis of lactose and flavonoid glucosides and another, phlorizin hydrolase, for the hydrolysis of phlorizin and phlorizin-glucosylceramides
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
the enzyme has two distinct catalytic active sites, one for the hydrolysis of lactose and flavonoid glucosides and another, phlorizin hydrolase, for the hydrolysis of phlorizin and phlorizin-glucosylceramides
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
-
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
gluconolactone
-
Rattus norvegicus
Localization (protein specific)
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
brush border
-
Rattus norvegicus
5903
-
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
baohuoside I + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
baohuoside I + H2O
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
-
?
-
-
?
epimedin C + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
-
?
-
-
?
icariin + H2O
Rattus norvegicus
the metabolic pathways of icariin by rat intestinal flora and enzyme solution are basically the same, including 3-O-rhamnose, 7-O-glucose hydrolysis or dual 3, 7-hydrolysis. Compared to 3-O-rhamnose and dual hydrolysis of 3, 7-, the 7-O-glucose hydrolysis is easier. The yielded metabolites contain M1 (icariside I), M2 (icaritin), and baohuoside I
?
-
-
?
additional information
Rattus norvegicus
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
?
-
-
-
additional information
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
?
-
-
-
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
intestine
-
Rattus norvegicus
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
baohuoside I + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
baohuoside I + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin A + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin B + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
?
epimedin C + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
icariin + H2O
-
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
icariin + H2O
the metabolic pathways of icariin by rat intestinal flora and enzyme solution are basically the same, including 3-O-rhamnose, 7-O-glucose hydrolysis or dual 3, 7-hydrolysis. Compared to 3-O-rhamnose and dual hydrolysis of 3, 7-, the 7-O-glucose hydrolysis is easier. The yielded metabolites contain M1 (icariside I), M2 (icaritin), and baohuoside I
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
?
additional information
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
the enzyme has two distinct catalytic active sites, one for the hydrolysis of lactose and flavonoid glucosides and another, phlorizin hydrolase, for the hydrolysis of phlorizin and phlorizin-glucosylceramides
732550
Rattus norvegicus
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
hydrolysis of prenylated flavonoids from Epimedium sp., Epimedii herba, used for a tranditional chinese medicine tonic, Yinyanghuo. Comparison of hydrolysis rates and substrate specificities of intestinal flora and intestinal enzymes, especially lactase phlorizin hydrolase, with the flavonoid substrates, overview. Flavonoid metabolic rates with rat intestinal enzyme are higher than those with intestinal flora. The intestinal hydrolysis of glycosides by intestinal enzymes is rapid. Even icariin is completely metabolized in 6 h and the epimedin A is totally metabolized in 12 h in incubation with intestinal enzyme
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
-
additional information
the enzyme has two distinct catalytic active sites, one for the hydrolysis of lactose and flavonoid glucosides and another, phlorizin hydrolase, for the hydrolysis of phlorizin and phlorizin-glucosylceramides
732550
Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
?
-
-
-
-
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
metabolism
the enzyme is involved in the metabolic pathway of icariin, epimedin A, B, and C, and f baohuoside I in intestinal flora and enzyme of rats, detailed overview
Rattus norvegicus
physiological function
the enzyme plays a major role in the deglycosylation of daidzin
Rattus norvegicus
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
metabolism
the enzyme is involved in the metabolic pathway of icariin, epimedin A, B, and C, and f baohuoside I in intestinal flora and enzyme of rats, detailed overview
Rattus norvegicus
physiological function
the enzyme plays a major role in the deglycosylation of daidzin
Rattus norvegicus
Other publictions for EC 3.7.1.4
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [C]
Temperature Range [C]
Temperature Stability [C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
750528
Han
Discovery and structural anal ...
Mycobacteroides abscessus 103, Mycobacteroides abscessus
FEBS J.
286
1959-1971
2019
-
-
1
1
13
-
1
6
-
1
-
4
-
8
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
13
-
-
1
2
6
-
1
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
5
732550
Zhou
A comparative study on the met ...
Rattus norvegicus, Rattus norvegicus Sprague-Dawley
Molecules
19
177-203
2014
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
10
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
13
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
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-
10
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
13
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
735304
Frank
-
Mutational analysis of the C-C ...
Topics Catal.
57
376-384
2014
-
-
1
-
3
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
752294
Frank
-
Mutational analysis of the C- ...
Top. Catal.
57
376-384
2014
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
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1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
697434
Lehtimaeki
Adult-type hypolactasia is not ...
Homo sapiens
Clin. Sci.
115
265-271
2008
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
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1
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699107
Delacour
Loss of galectin-3 impairs mem ...
Mus musculus 129Sv, Mus musculus
J. Cell Sci.
121
458-465
2008
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-
1
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2
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2
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1
1
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1
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1
1
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701338
Cramm-Behrens
Apical cargo traverses endosom ...
Canis lupus familiaris
Traffic
9
2206-2220
2008
-
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-
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2
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1
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1
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2
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1
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685892
Bulhoes
Correlation between lactose ab ...
Homo sapiens
Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
40
1441-1446
2007
-
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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687838
Piepoli
Genotyping of the lactase-phlo ...
Homo sapiens
J. Biomol. Screen.
12
733-739
2007
-
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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-
673123
Bodlaj
Genotyping of the lactase-phlo ...
Homo sapiens
Clin. Chem.
52
148-151
2006
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
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-
-
1
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3
-
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-
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1
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-
1
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1
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1
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3
-
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-
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-
-
-
-
675574
Kuranuki
Dietary sucrose enhances intes ...
Rattus norvegicus
J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol.
52
347-351
2006
1
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1
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1
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2
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2
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1
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1
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2
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2
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675975
Bosse
Gata4 is essential for the mai ...
Mus musculus
Mol. Cell. Biol.
26
9060-9070
2006
3
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1
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1
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1
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3
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1
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