BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 3.2.1.98

AmyM, a novel maltohexaose-forming alpha-amylase from Corallococcus sp. strain EGB

Li, Z.; Wu, J.; Zhang, B.; Wang, F.; Ye, X.; Huang, Y.; Huang, Q.; Cui, Z.; Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81, 1977-1987 (2015)

Data extracted from this reference:

Activating Compound
Activating Compound
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Triton X-100
30 mg/ml, 1.2fold activation
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Application
Application
Commentary
Organism
industry
applications in starch processing technologies because of its highly specific activity, halotolerance, unique substrate specificity, and end product pattern
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
expression in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) with a hexahistidine tag
Corallococcus sp. EGB
General Stability
General Stability
Organism
the enzyme is highly tolerant to high concentrations of salts, detergents, and various organic solvents
Corallococcus sp. EGB
the enzyme is still active in the presence of high salt concentrations, with 74% and 88% of its activity being retained in 1 M NaCl and KCl solutions, respectively, and 67% of its activity being retained in a 3 M KCl solution. The enzymatic activity is reduced when the NaCl concentration is 2 M
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
acetonitrile
20%, 38.6% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Ba2+
1 mM, 11.1% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Co2+
1 mM, 68.3% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cr3+
1 mM, 10.1% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cu+
1 mM, 83.1% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cu2+
1 mM, 89.8% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
DMSO
10%, 18.3% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
EDTA
10 mM, 83% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
ethanol
20%, 29.5% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Fe2+
1 mM, 74.7% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Fe3+
1 mM, 85.9% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
methanol
20%, 22.4% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Mn2+
1 mM, 35.2% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Ni2+
1 mM, 59.7% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
SDS
2 mg/ml, 46.5% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Zn2+
1 mM, 91.9% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
KM Value [mM]
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
additional information
-
soluble starch
Km-value: 6.61 mg/ml, pH 7.0, 50C
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Metals/Ions
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Ca2+
1 mM, activation to 109% of control
Corallococcus sp. EGB
K+
1 mM, activation to 127% of control
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Mg2+
1 mM, activation to 117% of control
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
43000
-
SDS-PAGE
Corallococcus sp. EGB
55460
-
calculated from sequence
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Corallococcus sp. EGB
-
-
-
Purification (Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
Ni-nitrilotriacetic acid affinity chromatography
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
amylopectin + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
amylose + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
corn starch + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
gamma-dextrin + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
glycogen + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
additional information
no reaction is observed for pullulan, dextran, and alpha- or beta-cyclodextrins
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
-
soluble starch + H2O
maltohexaose accounts for 59.4% of the maltooligosaccharides produced. Glucose (3.9%), maltose (6.2%), maltotriose (8.1%), maltotetraose (8.3%), maltopentaose (8.8%) and maltoheptaose (5.3%)
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
maltohexaose + maltopentaose + maltose + D-glucose + maltotriose + maltotetraose
-
-
-
?
sweet potato starch + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
waxy maize starch + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
maltohexaose + ?
-
-
-
?
Subunits
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 43000, SDS-PAGE
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Temperature Optimum [C]
Temperature Optimum [C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [C]
Commentary
Organism
50
-
optimally active at 50C in Tris-HCl buffer (50 mM, pH 7.0)
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Temperature Range [C]
Temperature Minimum [C]
Temperature Maximum [C]
Commentary
Organism
40
70
40C: about 50% of maximal activity, 70C: about 30% of maximal activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Temperature Stability [C]
Temperature Stability Minimum [C]
Temperature Stability Maximum [C]
Commentary
Organism
50
-
stable below
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pH Optimum
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7
-
-
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pH Range
pH Minimum
pH Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5
9
pH 5.0: about 30% of maximal activity, pH 9.0: about 40% of maximal activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pH Stability
pH Stability
pH Stability Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5
10
stable
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pI Value
Organism
Commentary
pI Value Maximum
pI Value
Corallococcus sp. EGB
calculated from sequence
-
6.45
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Activating Compound
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Triton X-100
30 mg/ml, 1.2fold activation
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Application (protein specific)
Application
Commentary
Organism
industry
applications in starch processing technologies because of its highly specific activity, halotolerance, unique substrate specificity, and end product pattern
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
expression in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) with a hexahistidine tag
Corallococcus sp. EGB
General Stability (protein specific)
General Stability
Organism
the enzyme is highly tolerant to high concentrations of salts, detergents, and various organic solvents
Corallococcus sp. EGB
the enzyme is still active in the presence of high salt concentrations, with 74% and 88% of its activity being retained in 1 M NaCl and KCl solutions, respectively, and 67% of its activity being retained in a 3 M KCl solution. The enzymatic activity is reduced when the NaCl concentration is 2 M
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
acetonitrile
20%, 38.6% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Ba2+
1 mM, 11.1% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Co2+
1 mM, 68.3% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cr3+
1 mM, 10.1% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cu+
1 mM, 83.1% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Cu2+
1 mM, 89.8% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
DMSO
10%, 18.3% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
EDTA
10 mM, 83% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
ethanol
20%, 29.5% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Fe2+
1 mM, 74.7% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Fe3+
1 mM, 85.9% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
methanol
20%, 22.4% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Mn2+
1 mM, 35.2% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Ni2+
1 mM, 59.7% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
SDS
2 mg/ml, 46.5% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Zn2+
1 mM, 91.9% loss of activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
additional information
-
soluble starch
Km-value: 6.61 mg/ml, pH 7.0, 50C
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Ca2+
1 mM, activation to 109% of control
Corallococcus sp. EGB
K+
1 mM, activation to 127% of control
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Mg2+
1 mM, activation to 117% of control
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
43000
-
SDS-PAGE
Corallococcus sp. EGB
55460
-
calculated from sequence
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
Ni-nitrilotriacetic acid affinity chromatography
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
amylopectin + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
amylose + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
corn starch + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
gamma-dextrin + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
glycogen + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
additional information
no reaction is observed for pullulan, dextran, and alpha- or beta-cyclodextrins
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
-
soluble starch + H2O
maltohexaose accounts for 59.4% of the maltooligosaccharides produced. Glucose (3.9%), maltose (6.2%), maltotriose (8.1%), maltotetraose (8.3%), maltopentaose (8.8%) and maltoheptaose (5.3%)
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
maltohexaose + maltopentaose + maltose + D-glucose + maltotriose + maltotetraose
-
-
-
?
sweet potato starch + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
?
-
-
-
?
waxy maize starch + H2O
-
749651
Corallococcus sp. EGB
maltohexaose + ?
-
-
-
?
Subunits (protein specific)
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
?
x * 43000, SDS-PAGE
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Temperature Optimum [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [C]
Commentary
Organism
50
-
optimally active at 50C in Tris-HCl buffer (50 mM, pH 7.0)
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Temperature Range [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Minimum [C]
Temperature Maximum [C]
Commentary
Organism
40
70
40C: about 50% of maximal activity, 70C: about 30% of maximal activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Temperature Stability [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability Minimum [C]
Temperature Stability Maximum [C]
Commentary
Organism
50
-
stable below
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7
-
-
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Minimum
pH Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5
9
pH 5.0: about 30% of maximal activity, pH 9.0: about 40% of maximal activity
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pH Stability (protein specific)
pH Stability
pH Stability Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5
10
stable
Corallococcus sp. EGB
pI Value (protein specific)
Organism
Commentary
pI Value Maximum
pI Value
Corallococcus sp. EGB
calculated from sequence
-
6.45
Other publictions for EC 3.2.1.98
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [C]
Temperature Range [C]
Temperature Stability [C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
752207
Valk
Characterization of the starc ...
Microbacterium aurum, Microbacterium aurum B8.A
Sci. Rep.
6
36100
2016
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-
1
-
-
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1
-
2
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7
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1
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11
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1
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1
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2
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1
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11
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
749651
Li
AmyM, a novel maltohexaose-fo ...
Corallococcus sp. EGB
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
81
1977-1987
2015
1
1
1
-
-
2
16
1
-
3
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
9
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
2
-
16
-
1
-
3
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
9
1
1
1
1
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
731818
Tran
Experimental evidence for a 9- ...
Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 27811
FEBS Lett.
588
620-624
2014
-
-
1
-
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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-
1
1
731665
Wang
-
Gene cloning, expression and e ...
Saccharomonospora viridis
Chin. J. Appl. Environ. Biol.
19
342-345
2013
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
1
-
-
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6
-
1
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1
1
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-
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1
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6
-
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6
-
1
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1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
731903
Kumar
-
Studies on a maltohexaose (G6) ...
Streptomyces sp.
IIOAB J.
3
15-30
2012
2
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
2
1
-
1
-
-
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-
-
-
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-
1
1
1
1
-
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1
1
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1
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2
1
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-
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1
-
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1
2
1
-
-
-
-
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-
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
1
1
-
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
691421
Khemakhem
Engineering of the alpha-amyla ...
Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Geobacillus stearothermophilus US100
Biotechnol. Bioeng.
102
380-389
2009
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
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-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
-
2
-
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-
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1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
663976
Ben Ali
Thermostability enhancement an ...
Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Geobacillus stearothermophilus US100
Biochem. J.
394
51-56
2006
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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7
-
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
-
2
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
666865
Kanai
Role of Trp140 at subsite -6 o ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria), Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria) 707
Protein Sci.
15
468-477
2006
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
663490
Momma
Expression, crystallization an ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Acta Crystallogr. Sect. D
60
2352-2354
2004
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
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1
-
-
3
-
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1
-
-
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1
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1
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1
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1
-
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
664017
Kanai
Biochemical and crystallograph ...
Bacillus sp. (in: Bacteria)
Biochemistry
43
14047-14056
2004
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
3
-
3
-
1
1
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
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1
-
1
-
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-
-
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-
-
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1
-
-
3
-
3
-
1
1
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
664776
Ben Messaoud
-
Purification and properties of ...
Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus subtilis US116
Enzyme Microb. Technol.
34
662-666
2004
-
1
-
-
-
-
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1
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2
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
-
-
2
-
1
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
650619
Momma
Cloning and sequencing of the ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
64
428-431
2000
-
-
1
-
-
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1
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3
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1
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1
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1
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-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171731
Ogawa
Enzymatic synthesis of p-nitro ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Agric. Biol. Chem.
54
581-586
1990
2
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
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2
3
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1
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2
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1
1
1
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1
1
1
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2
1
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1
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1
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2
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-
2
-
1
1
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171740
Shirokizawa
Nucleotide sequence of the G6- ...
Bacillus sp. H-167
FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
70
131-135
1990
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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3
-
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2
-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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3
-
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1
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-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171736
Hayashi
-
Production and purification of ...
Bacillus sp. H-167
Agric. Biol. Chem.
52
443-448
1988
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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3
-
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1
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1
1
-
1
3
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10
-
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-
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1
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-
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-
-
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3
-
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1
-
1
3
-
10
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171732
Nakakuki
-
Action patterns of various exo ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Carbohydr. Res.
128
297-310
1984
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
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-
-
1
-
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1
1
-
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10
-
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1
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1
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-
10
-
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-
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-
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-
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-
171733
Monma
-
Formation and hydrolysis of ma ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Agric. Biol. Chem.
47
1769-1774
1983
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
1
-
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1
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1
1
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9
-
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-
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-
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-
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5
1
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1
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-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171735
Nakakuki
Immobilization of the exo-malt ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Biotechnol. Bioeng.
25
1095-1107
1983
-
1
-
-
-
2
15
1
1
7
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
6
-
2
1
3
-
1
2
4
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
-
15
-
1
1
7
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
6
-
2
1
3
-
1
2
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171738
Nakakuki
-
Purification and some properti ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae IFO-3321
J. Jpn. Soc. Starch Sci.
29
188-197
1982
-
-
-
-
-
1
11
-
2
6
3
-
-
3
-
-
1
1
-
1
2
-
18
1
2
-
3
-
2
2
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
11
-
-
2
6
3
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
2
-
18
1
2
-
3
-
2
2
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171739
Nakakuki
-
exo-Maltohexaohydrolase. Recen ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae IFO-3321
J. Jpn. Soc. Starch Sci.
29
138-144
1982
-
-
-
-
-
1
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2
-
3
-
-
3
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1
1
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1
1
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4
-
2
-
2
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2
1
3
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
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-
1
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2
-
3
-
-
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1
-
1
1
-
4
-
2
-
2
-
2
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171741
Takasaki
-
Production of maltohexaose by ...
Bacillus circulans, Bacillus circulans G-6
Agric. Biol. Chem.
46
1539-1547
1982
-
-
-
-
-
-
16
1
1
1
1
-
-
2
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-
1
1
-
1
1
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11
-
1
-
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
16
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
1
-
11
-
1
-
1
-
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171742
Taniguchi
-
Characterization of a potato s ...
Bacillus circulans, Bacillus circulans F-2
Agric. Biol. Chem.
46
2107-2115
1982
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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3
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1
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10
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1
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1
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10
-
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-
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-
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-
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-
171734
Kainuma
Purification and some properti ...
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
410
333-346
1975
1
-
-
-
-
2
11
-
1
2
1
-
-
3
-
-
1
1
-
-
1
-
14
-
1
1
4
-
1
2
3
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
11
-
-
1
2
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
14
-
1
1
4
-
1
2
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
171737
Kainuma
Isolation and action pattern o ...
Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae
FEBS Lett.
26
281-285
1972
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
11
-
1
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
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-
-
-
1
-
-
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1
-
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-
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11
-
1
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2
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1
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-