BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 2.4.1.34

Regulation of callose synthase activity in situ in alamethicin-permeabilized Arabidopsis and tobacco suspension cells

Aidemark, M.; Andersson, C.; Rasmusson, A.; Widell, S.; BMC Plant Biol. 9, 27 (2009)

Data extracted from this reference:

Activating Compound
Activating Compound
Commentary
Organism
Structure
alamethicin
channel-forming peptide, required for in vitro enzyme measurements
Arabidopsis thaliana
alamethicin
channel-forming peptide, required for in vitro enzyme measurements
Nicotiana tabacum
cytochalasin
slightly activating
Arabidopsis thaliana
Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
ethanol
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
ethanol
-
Nicotiana tabacum
oryzalin
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
oryzalin
-
Nicotiana tabacum
Localization
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
plasma membrane
the binding site for UDP-glucose for callose synthase is on the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane
Arabidopsis thaliana
5886
-
plasma membrane
the binding site for UDP-glucose for callose synthase is on the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane
Nicotiana tabacum
5886
-
protoplast
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
-
Metals/Ions
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Ca2+
activates
Arabidopsis thaliana
Ca2+
activates
Nicotiana tabacum
Mg2+
activates
Arabidopsis thaliana
Mg2+
activates
Nicotiana tabacum
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
additional information
-
in BY-2 cells, callose synthase appears in two different protein complexes with masses of approximately 1500 kDa and at 800 kDa, each co-migrating with tubulin
Nicotiana tabacum
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
Nicotiana tabacum
-
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
Arabidopsis thaliana
-
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0
-
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
?
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Arabidopsis thaliana
-
Col-0
-
Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0
-
Col-0
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
-
-
Source Tissue
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
cell suspension culture
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
TBY-2 cell
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Minimum [µmol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Maximum [µmol/min/mg]
Commentary
Organism
additional information
-
45 nmol/min/g FW
Arabidopsis thaliana
additional information
-
10 nmol/min/g FW
Nicotiana tabacum
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
-
702921
Nicotiana tabacum
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
-
702921
Arabidopsis thaliana
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
-
702921
Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
-
?
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Activating Compound
Commentary
Organism
Structure
alamethicin
channel-forming peptide, required for in vitro enzyme measurements
Arabidopsis thaliana
alamethicin
channel-forming peptide, required for in vitro enzyme measurements
Nicotiana tabacum
cytochalasin
slightly activating
Arabidopsis thaliana
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
ethanol
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
ethanol
-
Nicotiana tabacum
oryzalin
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
oryzalin
-
Nicotiana tabacum
Localization (protein specific)
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
plasma membrane
the binding site for UDP-glucose for callose synthase is on the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane
Arabidopsis thaliana
5886
-
plasma membrane
the binding site for UDP-glucose for callose synthase is on the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane
Nicotiana tabacum
5886
-
protoplast
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
-
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Ca2+
activates
Arabidopsis thaliana
Ca2+
activates
Nicotiana tabacum
Mg2+
activates
Arabidopsis thaliana
Mg2+
activates
Nicotiana tabacum
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
additional information
-
in BY-2 cells, callose synthase appears in two different protein complexes with masses of approximately 1500 kDa and at 800 kDa, each co-migrating with tubulin
Nicotiana tabacum
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
Nicotiana tabacum
-
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
Arabidopsis thaliana
-
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0
-
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
?
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
cell suspension culture
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
TBY-2 cell
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Specific Activity Minimum [µmol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Maximum [µmol/min/mg]
Commentary
Organism
additional information
-
45 nmol/min/g FW
Arabidopsis thaliana
additional information
-
10 nmol/min/g FW
Nicotiana tabacum
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
-
702921
Nicotiana tabacum
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
-
702921
Arabidopsis thaliana
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
-
?
UDP-glucose + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n
-
702921
Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0
UDP + [(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl]n+1
-
-
-
?
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
physiological function
the enzyme is important in the biosynthesis of the cell wall component callose, i.e. 1,3-beta-D-glucan
Arabidopsis thaliana
physiological function
the enzyme is important in the biosynthesis of the cell wall component callose, i.e. 1,3-beta-D-glucan
Nicotiana tabacum
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
physiological function
the enzyme is important in the biosynthesis of the cell wall component callose, i.e. 1,3-beta-D-glucan
Arabidopsis thaliana
physiological function
the enzyme is important in the biosynthesis of the cell wall component callose, i.e. 1,3-beta-D-glucan
Nicotiana tabacum
Other publictions for EC 2.4.1.34
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
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Candida albicans, Candida albicans ATCC 18804
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Sparassis crispa, Sparassis crispa IUM4010
Mycobiology
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167-173
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2
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736983
Oliveira-Garcia
Infection structure-specific e ...
Colletotrichum graminicola
Plant Cell
25
2356-2378
2013
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
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1
-
-
1
-
1
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1
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1
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1
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-
1
1
1
1
-
-
719069
Heasley
Synthesis and biological evalu ...
Candida albicans
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
22
6811-6816
2012
-
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-
7
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1
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7
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-
720366
Anjos
beta(1,3)-glucan synthase comp ...
Alternaria infectoria
Med. Mycol.
50
716-725
2012
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
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-
-
4
-
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719120
Ujita
Binding specificity of the rec ...
Cordyceps militaris
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
75
171-174
2011
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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1
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1
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-
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-
719324
Yang
MaFKS, a beta-1,3-glucan synth ...
Metarhizium acridum
Curr. Genet.
57
253-260
2011
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
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1
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1
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1
1
-
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-
719967
Martins
Differential activities of thr ...
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
J. Biol. Chem.
286
3484-3496
2011
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
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4
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4
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703874
Okada
Multiple functional domains of ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Genetics
184
1013-1024
2010
-
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-
1
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2
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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-
719542
Tomazett
1,3-beta-D-Glucan synthase of ...
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Fungal Biol.
114
809-816
2010
-
-
1
-
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1
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5
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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-
719572
Hrmova
High-yield production, refoldi ...
Agrobacterium sp.
Glycoconj. J.
27
461-476
2010
-
-
1
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3
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700643
Saheed
Stronger induction of callose ...
Hordeum vulgare
Physiol. Plant.
135
150-161
2009
-
-
1
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4
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1
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1
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1
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1
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701700
Schuette
Novel localization of callose ...
Physcomitrella patens
Ann. Bot.
103
749-756
2009
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1
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1
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701739
Garcia-Effron
Effect of Candida glabrata FKS ...
Candida glabrata
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
53
3690-3699
2009
-
-
1
-
19
-
3
4
-
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1
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3
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1
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1
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1
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19
-
1
3
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4
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1
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1
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702921
Aidemark
Regulation of callose synthase ...
Arabidopsis thaliana, Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0, Nicotiana tabacum
BMC Plant Biol.
9
27
2009
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
3
4
1
3
-
28
-
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2
2
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3
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3
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4
-
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3
4
1
3
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2
2
-
3
-
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-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
706134
Schober
Analysis of the (1,3)-beta-D-g ...
Hordeum vulgare
Phytochemistry
70
713-720
2009
-
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1
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8
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3
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6
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18
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1
6
-
-
-
706302
Chen
The Arabidopsis callose syntha ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Physiol.
150
105-113
2009
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1
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2
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1
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The beta-1,3-glucanosyltransfe ...
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Molecular control of the gluca ...
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Dong
Expression of callose synthase ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Planta
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673416
Ishihara
Homologous subunits of 1,3-bet ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Eukaryot. Cell
6
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2007
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694215
Cortes
The (1,3)beta-D-glucan synthas ...
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Mol. Microbiol.
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2007
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671373
Selvakumar
Inhibition of fungal beta-1,3- ...
Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
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2006
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672688
Yamaguchi
Expression analysis of genes f ...
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Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
70
639-645
2006
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673406
Ha
FsFKS1, the 1,3-beta-glucan sy ...
Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans, Fusarium solani
Eukaryot. Cell
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2006
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676647
Voigt
A comprehensive view on organ- ...
Triticum aestivum
Plant Physiol. Biochem.
44
242-247
2006
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657562
Maligie
Cryptococcus neoformans resist ...
Aspergillus fumigatus, Cryptococcus neoformans, Neurospora crassa, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
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2851-2856
2005
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Cortes
The novel fission yeast (1,3)b ...
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157-174
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660182
Dong
Callose synthase (CalS5) is re ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
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315-328
2005
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Kondoh
Piperazine propanol derivative ...
Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Biol. Pharm. Bull.
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2138-2141
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672813
Nishikawa
Callose (beta-1,3 glucan) is e ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
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673401
Kellner
Coccidioides posadasii contain ...
Coccidioides posadasii
Eukaryot. Cell
4
111-120
2005
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676534
Enns
Two callose synthases, GSL1 an ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Mol. Biol.
58
333-349
2005
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Huang
The Smk1p MAP kinase negativel ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
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12431-12436
2005
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658851
Fairweather
Structural characterization by ...
Rubus plicatus
Glycobiology
14
775-781
2004
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658493
Schimoler-O'Rourke
Neurospora crassa FKS protein ...
Neurospora crassa
Curr. Microbiol.
46
408-412
2003
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658842
Karnezis
Topological characterization o ...
Agrobacterium sp., Agrobacterium sp. ATCC 31749
Glycobiology
13
693-706
2003
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660125
Jacobs
An Arabidopsis callose synthas ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Cell
15
2503-2513
2003
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1
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660503
Nishimura
Loss of a callose synthase res ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Science
301
969-972
2003
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Castelli
In vitro inhibition of 1,3-bet ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Planta Med.
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739-742
2002
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489077
Abe
Yeast 1,3-beta-glucan synthase ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
J. Biol. Chem.
276
26923-26930
2001
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Him
Biosynthesis of (1->3)-beta-D- ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
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268
4628-4638
2001
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489080
Verma
Plant callose synthase complex ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Mol. Biol.
47
693-701
2001
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1
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489094
Mulichak
Structure of the UDP-glucosylt ...
Staphylococcus aureus
Structure
9
547-557
2001
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3
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Liu
Drc1p/Cps1p, a 1,3-beta-glucan ...
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Genetics
153
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Characterization and optimizat ...
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Antelo
Partial purification of a GTP- ...
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489089
McCormack
Purification of an elicitor-in ...
Phaseolus vulgaris
Planta
203
196-203
1997
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489092
Billon-Grand
-
A novel 1,3-beta-glucan syntha ...
Saprolegnia monoica
Microbiology
143
3175-3183
1997
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5
2
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3
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2
1
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489081
Kelly
Isolation of a gene involved i ...
Aspergillus nidulans
J. Bacteriol.
178
4381-4391
1996
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6
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1
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489076
Inoue
Characterization and gene clon ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Eur. J. Biochem.
231
845-854
1995
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1
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1
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489088
De Lourdes
(1,3)-beta-D-Glucan synthase a ...
Neurospora crassa
Exp. Mycol.
19
35-47
1995
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3
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4
6
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4
6
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1
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489075
Ko
Inhibition of yeast (1,3)-beta ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
1193
31-40
1994
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3
4
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1
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1
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489083
Beaulieu
Characterization and cilofungi ...
Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
38
937-944
1994
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5
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4
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2
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489085
Frost
-
Characterization of (1,3)-beta ...
Candida albicans
Microbiology
140
2239-2246
1994
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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2
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1
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489086
Awald
(1,3)beta-Glucan synthase acti ...
Neurospora crassa
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
1201
312-320
1994
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1
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1
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1
1
1
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-
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489087
Enderlin
Cloning and characterization o ...
Neurospora crassa
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
91
9500-9504
1994
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1
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3
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1
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489091
Dhugga
Purification of 1,3-beta-D-glu ...
Pisum sativum
Eur. J. Biochem.
220
943-953
1994
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1
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1
1
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489058
Li
beta-Glucan synthesis in cotto ...
Gossypium hirsutum
Plant Physiol.
101
1143-1148
1993
1
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2
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2
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1
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1
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489082
Beauvais
Characterization of the 1,3-be ...
Aspergillus fumigatus
J. Gen. Microbiol.
139
3071-3078
1993
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2
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8
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1
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489062
Kamat
Purification to homogeneity an ...
Arachis hypogaea
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
298
731-739
1992
4
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12
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1
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2
1
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1
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4
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1
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12
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1
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1
2
1
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1
1
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489069
Fredrikson
Activators and inhibitors of t ...
Spinacia oleracea
Biochem. Soc. Trans.
20
710-713
1992
4
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1
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2
2
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2
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4
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2
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1
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489071
Girard
-
Separation and partial peptide ...
Saprolegnia monoica
Plant Sci.
82
145-153
1992
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2
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1
-
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-
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489072
Kuribayashi
Characterization and Solubiliz ...
Oryza sativa
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
56
388-393
1992
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1
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1
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489073
Slay
-
Characterization of the UDP-gl ...
Apium graveolens
Plant Sci.
86
125-136
1992
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1
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1
1
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1
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1
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1
1
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489054
Fredrikson
-
Isolation and polypeptide comp ...
Brassica oleracea
Physiol. Plant.
81
289-294
1991
2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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489067
Girard
-
Solubilization of a membrane-b ...
Saprolegnia monoica
Plant Sci.
76
193-200
1991
1
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1
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1
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489061
Bulone
Separation and partial purific ...
Saprolegnia monoica
Plant Physiol.
94
1748-1755
1990
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1
1
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489066
Nodet
-
Congo red inhibits in vitro be ...
Saprolegnia monoica
FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
69
225-228
1990
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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489055
Fredrikson
-
Activation of 1,3-beta-glucan ...
Beta vulgaris
Physiol. Plant.
77
196-201
1989
2
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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489060
Lawson
UDP-glucose: (1,3)-beta-glucan ...
Daucus carota
Plant Physiol.
90
101-108
1989
1
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1
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2
1
1
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1
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1
1
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1
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2
1
1
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489057
Cabib
Fungal 1,3-beta-glucan synthas ...
Achlya ambisexualis, Exophiala dermatitidis, Neurospora crassa, Papiliotrema laurentii, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizophyllum commune, Wickerhamomyces anomalus
Methods Enzymol.
138
637-642
1987
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7
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15
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7
7
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1
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489065
Quigley
-
beta-Linked disaccharides stim ...
Neurospora crassa
Curr. Microbiol.
15
181-184
1987
2
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2
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1
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1
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489059
Morrow
(1->3)-beta-D-Glucan synthase ...
Beta vulgaris
Plant Physiol.
81
171-176
1986
8
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4
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8
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1
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1
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489068
Kauss
Influence of free fatty acids, ...
Glycine max
Plant Physiol.
80
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1986
4
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5
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4
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1
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1
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489064
Orlean
(1,3)-beta-D-Glucan synthase f ...
Candida albicans
Eur. J. Biochem.
127
397-403
1982
1
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3
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3
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1
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1
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1
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489063
Shematek
Biosynthesis of the yeast cell ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
J. Biol. Chem.
255
888-894
1980
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
1
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489070
Beltran
-
1,3-beta-Glucan synthase from ...
Citrus aurantiifolia
Phytochemistry
17
1531-1532
1978
4
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-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
1
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4
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
1
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489074
Lopez-Romero
Properties of beta-glucan synt ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
44
329-339
1978
1
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10
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3
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
1
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1
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1
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10
-
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3
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1
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-
-
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1
1
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1
1
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1
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-
489056
Delmer
UDP-glucose-beta-glucan glucos ...
Gossypium hirsutum
Plant Physiol.
59
713-718
1977
2
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-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
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489053
Marechal
Uridine diphosphate glucose-be ...
Euglena gracilis
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239
3163-3167
1964
6
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8
1
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
1
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1
1
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6
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8
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
1
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1
1
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