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Information on EC - trypanothione synthase

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IUBMB Comments
The enzyme, characterized from several trypanosomatids (e.g. Trypanosoma cruzi) catalyses two subsequent reactions, leading to production of trypanothione from glutathione and spermidine. Some trypanosomatids (e.g. Crithidia species and some Leishmania species) also contain an enzyme that only carries out the first reaction (cf. EC, glutathionylspermidine synthase). The enzyme is bifunctional, and also catalyses the hydrolysis of glutathionylspermidine and trypanothione (cf. EC, glutathionylspermidine amidase).
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
Cf-TS, GenBank AF006615-derived protein GI 3004644, LdTryS, LiTRYS, Synthetase, trypanothione, Synthetase, trypanothione (Crithidia fasciculata strain HS6 gene Cf-TS), T(SH)2 synthetase, TbTryS, TcTryS, TRS, more
glutathione + glutathionylspermidine + ATP = N1,N8-bis(glutathionyl)spermidine + ADP + phosphate
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glutathione + spermidine + ATP = glutathionylspermidine + ADP + phosphate
show the reaction diagram
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