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Information on EC - (6-4)DNA photolyase

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EC Tree
     4 Lyases
         4.1 Carbon-carbon lyases
             4.1.99 Other carbon-carbon lyases
       (6-4)DNA photolyase
IUBMB Comments
A flavoprotein (FAD). The overall repair reaction consists of two distinct steps, one of which is light-independent and the other one light-dependent. In the initial light-independent step, a 6-iminium ion is thought to be generated via proton transfer induced by two histidines highly conserved among the (6-4) photolyases. This intermediate spontaneously rearranges to form an oxetane intermediate by intramolecular nucleophilic attack. In the subsequent light-driven reaction, one electron is believed to be transferred from the fully reduced FAD cofactor (FADH-) to the oxetane intermediate thus forming a neutral FADH radical and an anionic oxetane radical, which spontaneously fractures. The excess electron is then back-transferred to the flavin radical restoring the fully reduced flavin cofactor and a pair of pyrimidine bases .
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea
(6-4) DNA photolyase, (6-4) photolyase, (6-4) PHR, (6-4) PL, (6-4) PP-specific PL, (6-4)-Phr, (6-4)photolyase, 6-4 DNA photolyase, 6-4 photolyase, 6-4CiPhr, more
(6-4) photoproduct (in DNA) = 2 pyrimidine residues (in DNA)
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