Information on EC - 4-hydroxy-3-polyprenylbenzoate decarboxylase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC4.1.1.98
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EC Tree
     4 Lyases
         4.1 Carbon-carbon lyases
             4.1.1 Carboxy-lyases
       4-hydroxy-3-polyprenylbenzoate decarboxylase
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme catalyses a step in prokaryotic ubiquinone biosynthesis, as well as in plastoquinone biosynthesis in cyanobacteria. The enzyme can accept substrates with different polyprenyl tail lengths in vitro, but uses a specific length in vivo, which is determined by the polyprenyl diphosphate synthase that exists in the specific organism. It requires a prenylated flavin cofactor that is produced by EC, flavin prenyltransferase.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Archaea
-hydroxy-3-solanesylbenzoate decarboxylase; 3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase, 3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase, 3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate decarboxylase, 4-hydroxy-3-solanesylbenzoate decarboxylase, CpsUbiX, flavin mononucleotide-dependent aromatic acid decarboxylase, FMN-dependent aromatic acid decarboxylase, PA0254, PAD1, slr1099, more
a 4-hydroxy-3-polyprenylbenzoate = a 2-polyprenylphenol + CO2
show the reaction diagram
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