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Information on EC 3.3.2.10 - soluble epoxide hydrolase

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EC Tree
     3 Hydrolases
         3.3 Acting on ether bonds
             3.3.2 Ether hydrolases
                3.3.2.10 soluble epoxide hydrolase
IUBMB Comments
Catalyses the hydrolysis of trans-substituted epoxides, such as trans-stilbene oxide, as well as various aliphatic epoxides derived from fatty-acid metabolism . It is involved in the metabolism of arachidonic epoxides (epoxyicosatrienoic acids; EETs) and linoleic acid epoxides. The EETs, which are endogenous chemical mediators, act at the vascular, renal and cardiac levels to regulate blood pressure [4,5]. The enzyme from mammals is a bifunctional enzyme: the C-terminal domain exhibits epoxide-hydrolase activity and the N-terminal domain has the activity of EC 3.1.3.76, lipid-phosphate phosphatase [1,2]. Like EC 3.3.2.9, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, it is probable that the reaction involves the formation of an hydroxyalkyl---enzyme intermediate [4,6]. The enzyme can also use leukotriene A4, the substrate of EC 3.3.2.6, leukotriene-A4 hydrolase, but it forms 5,6-dihydroxy-7,9,11,14-icosatetraenoic acid rather than leukotriene B4 as the product [9,10]. In vertebrates, five epoxide-hydrolase enzymes have been identified to date: EC 3.3.2.6 (leukotriene-A4 hydrolase), EC 3.3.2.7 (hepoxilin-epoxide hydrolase), EC 3.3.2.9 (microsomal epoxide hydrolase), EC 3.3.2.10 (soluble epoxide hydrolase) and EC 3.3.2.11 (cholesterol 5,6-oxide hydrolase) .
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
Reaction Schemes
Synonyms
epoxide hydrolase, ephx2, cytosolic epoxide hydrolase, epoxide hydrolase 1, epoxide hydrolase 2, teso hydrolase, hepoxilin hydrolase, bnseh1, epxh1, cterm-eh, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
an epoxide + H2O = a glycol
show the reaction diagram