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Information on EC 3.1.4.11 - phosphoinositide phospholipase C

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EC Tree
     3 Hydrolases
         3.1 Acting on ester bonds
             3.1.4 Phosphoric-diester hydrolases
                3.1.4.11 phosphoinositide phospholipase C
IUBMB Comments
These enzymes form some of the cyclic phosphate Ins(cyclic1,2)P(4,5)P2 as well as Ins(1,4,5)P3. They show activity towards phosphatidylinositol, i.e., the activity of EC 4.6.1.13, phosphatidylinositol diacylglycerol-lyase, in vitro at high [Ca2+]. Four beta-isoforms regulated by G-proteins, two gamma-forms regulated by tyrosine kinases, four delta-forms regulated at least in part by calcium and an epsilon-form, probably regulated by the oncogene ras, have been found.
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Synonyms
pi-plc, phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase c, plc-gamma, plc-gamma1, plcgamma1, plc-beta, plcgamma, phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase c, plcgamma2, phospholipase c-gamma1, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + H2O = 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate + diacylglycerol
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