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Information on EC 3.1.1.14 - chlorophyllase

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EC Tree
     3 Hydrolases
         3.1 Acting on ester bonds
             3.1.1 Carboxylic-ester hydrolases
                3.1.1.14 chlorophyllase
IUBMB Comments
Chlorophyllase has been found in higher plants, diatoms, and in the green algae Chlorella . This enzyme forms part of the chlorophyll degradation pathway and is thought to take part in de-greening processes such as fruit ripening, leaf senescence and flowering, as well as in the turnover and homeostasis of chlorophyll . This enzyme acts preferentially on chlorophyll a but will also accept chlorophyll b and pheophytins as substrates . Ethylene and methyl jasmonate, which are known to accelerate senescence in many species, can enhance the activity of the hormone-inducible form of this enzyme .
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
Synonyms
ADK38_11350, ADK43_31155, ADK78_03330, ADL21_28415, ADL28_40565, ADL32_23315, AJAP_22265, AMED_0735, AMTR_s00002p00270990, AtCLH1, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
chlorophyll + H2O = phytol + chlorophyllide
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