Information on EC 3.1.1.103 - teichoic acid D-alanine hydrolase

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EC Tree
     3 Hydrolases
         3.1 Acting on ester bonds
             3.1.1 Carboxylic-ester hydrolases
                3.1.1.103 teichoic acid D-alanine hydrolase
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, removes D-alanine groups from the teichoic acid produced by this organism, thus modulating the electrical charge of the bacterial surface. The activity greatly increases methicillin resistance in MRSA strains.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Staphylococcus aureus
Reaction Schemes
[(4-D-Ala)-(2-GlcNAc)-Rib-ol-P]n-[Gro-P]m-beta-D-ManNAc-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcNAc-P-peptidoglycan
+
n
=
[(2-GlcNAc)-Rib-ol-P]n-[Gro-P]m-beta-D-ManNAc-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcNAc-P-peptidoglycan
+
n
Synonyms
FLP, FMT, fmtA, fmtA-like protein, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
[(4-D-Ala)-(2-GlcNAc)-Rib-ol-P]n-[Gro-P]m-beta-D-ManNAc-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcNAc-P-peptidoglycan + n H2O = [(2-GlcNAc)-Rib-ol-P]n-[Gro-P]m-beta-D-ManNAc-(1->4)-alpha-D-GlcNAc-P-peptidoglycan + n D-alanine
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