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Information on EC 2.4.1.224 - glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.4.1.224
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IUBMB Comments
Involved in the biosynthesis of heparin and heparan sulfate. Some forms of the enzyme from human (particularly the enzyme complex encoded by the EXT1 and EXT2 genes) act as bifunctional glycosyltransferases, which also have the 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.225, N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-beta-glucuronosyltransferase) activity required for the synthesis of the heparan sulfate disaccharide repeats. Other human forms of this enzyme (e.g. the product of the EXTL1 gene) have only the 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the product of the rib-2 gene displays the activities of this enzyme as well as EC 2.4.1.223, glucuronosyl-galactosyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase.
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Synonyms
exostosin-1, exostosin-2, tout-velu, sister of tout-velu, heparan sulfate polymerase, exostosin1, sister of tout velu, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + beta-D-glucuronosyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl-proteoglycan = UDP + N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucuronosyl-(1->4)-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosaminyl-proteoglycan
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