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Information on EC 2.4.1.184 - galactolipid galactosyltransferase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.4.1.184

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IUBMB Comments

The enzyme converts monogalactosyldiacylglycerol to digalactosyldiacylglycerol, trigalactosyldiacylglycerol and tetragalactosyldiacylglycerol. All residues are connected by β linkages. The activity is localized to chloroplast envelope membranes, but it does not contribute to net galactolipid synthesis in plants, which is performed by EC 2.4.1.46, monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase, and EC 2.4.1.241, digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase. Note that the β,β-digalactosyldiacylglycerol formed by this enzyme is different from the more common α,β-digalactosyldiacylglycerol formed by EC 2.4.1.241. The enzyme provides an important mechanism for the stabilization of the chloroplast membranes during freezing and drought stress.

The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria

Synonyms
galactolipid:galactolipid galactosyltransferase, more

REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
2 a 1,2-diacyl-3-O-(beta-D-galactosyl)-sn-glycerol = a 1,2-diacyl-3-O-[beta-D-galactosyl-(1->6)-beta-D-galactosyl]-sn-glycerol + a 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
show the reaction diagram
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PATHWAY SOURCE
PATHWAYS
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Highest Expressing Human Cell Lines
Cell Line Links Gene Links