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Information on EC 2.3.1.278 - mycolipenoyl-CoA-2-(long-chain-fatty acyl)-trehalose mycolipenoyltransferase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.3.1.278
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IUBMB Comments
The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, participates in the biosynthesis of polyacyltrehalose (PAT), a pentaacylated, trehalose-based glycolipid found in the cell wall of pathogenic strains. The enzyme catalyses two successive activities - it first transfers an acyl (often palmitoyl) group to position 2 (see EC 2.3.1.279, long-chain-acyl-CoA---trehalose acyltransferase), followed by the transfer of a mycolipenyl group to position 3.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Reaction Schemes
+
a 2-(long-chain-fatty acyl)-trehalose
=
a 2-(long-chain-fatty acyl)-3-mycolipenoyl-trehalose
+
Synonyms
papA3, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
a mycolipenoyl-CoA + a 2-(long-chain-fatty acyl)-trehalose = a 2-(long-chain-fatty acyl)-3-mycolipenoyl-trehalose + CoA
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PATHWAY SOURCE
PATHWAYS
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