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Information on EC - narbonolide synthase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.3.1.240
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EC Tree
     2 Transferases
         2.3 Acyltransferases
             2.3.1 Transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups
       narbonolide synthase
IUBMB Comments
The product, narbonolide, contains a 14-membered ring and is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of narbonomycin and pikromycin in the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae. The enzyme also produces 10-deoxymethynolide (see EC, 10-deoxymethynolide synthase). The enzyme has 29 active sites arranged in four polypeptides (pikAI - pikAIV) with a loading domain, six extension modules and a terminal thioesterase domain. Each extension module contains a ketosynthase (KS), keto reductase (KR), an acyltransferase (AT) and an acyl-carrier protein (ACP). Not all active sites are used in the biosynthesis.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Reaction Schemes
methymycin/picromycin polyketide synthase, picromycin/methymycin PKS, picromycin/methymycin polyketide synthase, PICS, PikAI, PikAIII, PikAIV, pikromycin PKS, pikromycin polyketide synthase, type I polyketide synthase PikAIV, more
malonyl-CoA + 6 (2S)-methylmalonyl-CoA + 5 NADPH + 5 H+ = narbonolide + 7 CoA + 7 CO2 + 5 NADP+ + 2 H2O
show the reaction diagram
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