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Information on EC 2.3.1.16 - acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC2.3.1.16
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EC Tree
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme, found in both eukaryotes and in prokaryotes, is involved in degradation pathways such as fatty acid beta-oxidation. The enzyme acts on 3-oxoacyl-CoAs to produce acetyl-CoA and an acyl-CoA shortened by two carbon atoms. The reaction starts with the acylation of a nucleophilic cysteine at the active site by a 3-oxoacyl-CoA, with the concomitant release of acetyl-CoA. In the second step the acyl group is transferred to CoA. Most enzymes have a broad substrate range for the 3-oxoacyl-CoA. cf. EC 2.3.1.9, acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase.
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Word Map
The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Reaction Schemes
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Synonyms
2-enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase/3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase, 3-KAT, 3-ketoacyl CoA thiolase, 3-ketoacyl coenzyme A thiolase, 3-ketoacyl coenzyme-A thiolase, 3-ketoacyl thiolase, 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, 3-ketothiolase, 3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase, 3-oxoacyl-coenzyme A thiolase, more