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Information on EC 1.3.99.29 - phytoene desaturase (zeta-carotene-forming)

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.3.99.29

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IUBMB Comments

The enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis and catalyses up to two desaturation steps (cf. EC 1.3.99.28 [phytoene desaturase (neurosporene-forming)], EC 1.3.99.30 [phytoene desaturase (3,4-didehydrolycopene-forming)] and EC 1.3.99.31 [phytoene desaturase (lycopene-forming)]).

The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea

Synonyms
bacterial-type phytoene desaturase, crti-type phytoene desaturase, more

REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
15-cis-phytoene + 2 acceptor = all-trans-zeta-carotene + 2 reduced acceptor
show the reaction diagram
15-cis-phytoene + acceptor = all-trans-phytofluene + reduced acceptor
show the reaction diagram
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all-trans-phytofluene + acceptor = all-trans-zeta-carotene + reduced acceptor
show the reaction diagram
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PATHWAY SOURCE
PATHWAYS
Highest Expressing Human Cell Lines
Cell Line Links Gene Links