Information on EC - short-chain 2-methylacyl-CoA dehydrogenase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.3.8.5
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IUBMB Comments
A flavoprotein (FAD). The mammalian enzyme catalyses an oxidative reaction as a step in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of short-chain 2-methyl fatty acids and participates in isoleucine degradation. The enzyme from the parasitic helminth Ascaris suum catalyses a reductive reaction as part of a fermentation pathway, shuttling reducing power from the electron-transport chain to 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl CoA.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
2-methyl branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, 2-Methyl branched-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, 2-Methyl branched-chain enoyl CoA reductase, 2-Methyl branched-chain enoyl-CoA reductase, 2-methylbutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, 2MBCD, branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, ECR, Methyl branched-chain enoyl-CoA reductase, Reductase, methyl branched-chain enoyl coenzyme A, more
2-methylbutanoyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = (E)-2-methylbut-2-enoyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein + H+
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