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Information on EC 1.21.3.3 - reticuline oxidase

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EC Tree
     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.21 Catalysing the reaction X-H + Y-H = X-Y
             1.21.3 With oxygen as acceptor
                1.21.3.3 reticuline oxidase
IUBMB Comments
Contains FAD. The enzyme from the plant Eschscholtzia californica binds the cofactor covalently . Acts on (S)-reticuline and related compounds, converting the N-methyl group into the methylene bridge ('berberine bridge') of (S)-tetrahydroprotoberberines. The product of the reaction, (S)-scoulerine, is a precursor of protopine, protoberberine and benzophenanthridine alkaloid biosynthesis in plants.
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Synonyms
(S)-reticuline oxidase, BBE, BBE-like 13, BBE-like 15, BBE-like 28, BBE1, BBL, berberine bridge enzyme, berberine bridge enzyme-like, berberine bridge enzyme-like 28, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
(S)-reticuline + O2 = (S)-scoulerine + H2O2
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