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Information on EC 1.14.13.8 - flavin-containing monooxygenase

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IUBMB Comments
A flavoprotein. A broad spectrum monooxygenase that accepts substrates as diverse as hydrazines, phosphines, boron-containing compounds, sulfides, selenides, iodide, as well as primary, secondary and tertiary amines [3,4]. This enzyme is distinct from other monooxygenases in that the enzyme forms a relatively stable hydroperoxy flavin intermediate [4,5]. This microsomal enzyme generally converts nucleophilic heteroatom-containing chemicals and drugs into harmless, readily excreted metabolites. For example, N-oxygenation is largely responsible for the detoxification of the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) [2,6]
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Synonyms
class 3 flavin-containing mono-oxygenase, class 3 FMO, dechlorinating flavin-dependent monooxygenase, dimethylaniline monooxygenase (N-oxide-forming), dimethylaniline N-oxidase, dimethylaniline oxidase, dimethylsulfone monooxygenase, DMA oxidase, EtaA, FAD-containing monooxygenase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
N,N-dimethylaniline + NADPH + H+ + O2 = N,N-dimethylaniline N-oxide + NADP+ + H2O
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PATHWAY SOURCE
PATHWAYS