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Information on EC 1.1.1.272 - D-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (NADP+)

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.1.1.272

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IUBMB Comments

This enzyme, characterized from the halophilic archaeon Haloferax mediterranei and the mold Aspergillus oryzae, catalyses a stereospecific reduction of 2-oxocarboxylic acids into the corresponding D-2-hydroxycarboxylic acids. The enzyme prefers substrates with a main chain of 5 carbons (such as 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate) to those with a shorter chain, and can use NADH with much lower efficiency. cf. EC 1.1.1.345, (D)-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (NAD+).

The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea

Synonyms
d-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, d-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase, d2-hdh, 2hadh, l-sulfolactate dehydrogenase, more

REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
an (R)-2-hydroxycarboxylate + NADP+ = a 2-oxocarboxylate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
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