BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 1.1.1.26

The enzymic reduction of glyoxylate and hydroxypyruvate in leaves of higher plants

Givan, C.V.; Kleczkowski, L.A.; Plant Physiol. 100, 552-556 (1992)

Data extracted from this reference:

Engineering
Amino acid exchange
Commentary
Organism
additional information
mutant lacking cytosolic hydroxypyruvate-metabolizing activity (HPR-1)
Hordeum vulgare
Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Acetohydroxamate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for glyoxylate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
Acetohydroxamate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for glyoxylate as substrate
Pisum sativum
oxalate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
oxalate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Pisum sativum
Tartronate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
Tartronate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Pisum sativum
KM Value [mM]
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.07
0.11
glyoxylate
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
0.07
0.12
Hydroxypyruvate
NADH, peroxisomal enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
0.8
-
Hydroxypyruvate
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADPH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
1.1
-
glyoxylate
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
10
25
glyoxylate
NADH, peroxisomal enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
Localization
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
chloroplast
utilizes NADH and NADPH equally
Spinacia oleracea
9507
-
chloroplast
utilizes NADH and NADPH equally
Pisum sativum
9507
-
cytosol
-
Hordeum vulgare
5829
-
cytosol
NADP+/NADPH preferring type
Spinacia oleracea
5829
-
cytosol
NADP+/NADPH preferring type
Pisum sativum
5829
-
peroxisome
-
Hordeum vulgare
5777
-
peroxisome
NAD+/NADH preferring type
Petroselinum crispum
5777
-
peroxisome
NAD+/NADH preferring type
Spinacia oleracea
5777
-
peroxisome
NAD+/NADH preferring type
Pisum sativum
5777
-
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
33000
-
4 * 33000, cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
38000
-
2 * 38000, cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
70000
-
cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
90000
-
peroxisomal enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
125000
-
cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
glycolate + NAD+
Spinacia oleracea
-
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
r
glycolate + NAD+
Pisum sativum
-
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
Spinacia oleracea
-
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
Pisum sativum
-
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
Pisum sativum
-
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
Spinacia oleracea
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
Petroselinum crispum
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
r
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Hordeum vulgare
-
barley
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
tobacco
-
Petroselinum crispum
-
parsley
-
Pisum sativum
-
-
-
Spinacia oleracea
-
spinach
-
Zea mays
-
maize
-
Purification (Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
-
Spinacia oleracea
Source Tissue
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
leaf
mutant without cytosolic hydroxypyruvate-metabolizing activity
Hordeum vulgare
-
leaf
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
leaf
-
Spinacia oleracea
-
leaf
-
Zea mays
-
leaf
-
Pisum sativum
-
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Minimum [µmol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Maximum [µmol/min/mg]
Commentary
Organism
0.05
0.23
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
0.3
1.5
NADH, peroxisomal enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
glycolate + NAD+
-
286418
Spinacia oleracea
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
-
r
glycolate + NAD+
-
286418
Pisum sativum
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
-
286418
Spinacia oleracea
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
-
286418
Pisum sativum
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
equilibrium is very far in direction of glycolate formation
286418
Spinacia oleracea
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
equilibrium is very far in direction of glycolate formation
286418
Pisum sativum
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
equilibrium is very far in direction of glycolate formation
286418
Nicotiana tabacum
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
-
286418
Spinacia oleracea
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
-
286418
Pisum sativum
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
-
286418
Petroselinum crispum
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
286418
Spinacia oleracea
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
286418
Petroselinum crispum
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
Subunits
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
dimer
2 * 38000, cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
tetramer
4 * 33000, cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
pH Range
pH Minimum
pH Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5.8
7.4
the optimal pH for hydroxypyruvate reduction is more acidic than that for glyoxylate reduction
Pisum sativum
5.8
7.4
the optimal pH for hydroxypyruvate reduction is more acidic than that for glyoxylate reduction
Spinacia oleracea
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NAD+
-
Nicotiana tabacum
NAD+
enzyme of peroxisomes and chloroplasts prefer NAD+, enzymes of the cytosol prefer NADP+
Spinacia oleracea
NAD+
-
Pisum sativum
NADH
-
Nicotiana tabacum
NADH
enzyme of peroxisomes and chloroplasts prefer NADH, enzymes of the cytosol prefer NADPH
Spinacia oleracea
NADH
-
Pisum sativum
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NAD+
-
Nicotiana tabacum
NAD+
enzyme of peroxisomes and chloroplasts prefer NAD+, enzymes of the cytosol prefer NADP+
Spinacia oleracea
NAD+
-
Pisum sativum
NADH
-
Nicotiana tabacum
NADH
enzyme of peroxisomes and chloroplasts prefer NADH, enzymes of the cytosol prefer NADPH
Spinacia oleracea
NADH
-
Pisum sativum
Engineering (protein specific)
Amino acid exchange
Commentary
Organism
additional information
mutant lacking cytosolic hydroxypyruvate-metabolizing activity (HPR-1)
Hordeum vulgare
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Acetohydroxamate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for glyoxylate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
Acetohydroxamate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for glyoxylate as substrate
Pisum sativum
oxalate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
oxalate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Pisum sativum
Tartronate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
Tartronate
inhibits only the cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Pisum sativum
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.07
0.11
glyoxylate
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
0.07
0.12
Hydroxypyruvate
NADH, peroxisomal enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
0.8
-
Hydroxypyruvate
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADPH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
1.1
-
glyoxylate
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
10
25
glyoxylate
NADH, peroxisomal enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
Localization (protein specific)
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
chloroplast
utilizes NADH and NADPH equally
Spinacia oleracea
9507
-
chloroplast
utilizes NADH and NADPH equally
Pisum sativum
9507
-
cytosol
-
Hordeum vulgare
5829
-
cytosol
NADP+/NADPH preferring type
Spinacia oleracea
5829
-
cytosol
NADP+/NADPH preferring type
Pisum sativum
5829
-
peroxisome
-
Hordeum vulgare
5777
-
peroxisome
NAD+/NADH preferring type
Petroselinum crispum
5777
-
peroxisome
NAD+/NADH preferring type
Spinacia oleracea
5777
-
peroxisome
NAD+/NADH preferring type
Pisum sativum
5777
-
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da]
Molecular Weight Maximum [Da]
Commentary
Organism
33000
-
4 * 33000, cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
38000
-
2 * 38000, cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
70000
-
cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
90000
-
peroxisomal enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
125000
-
cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
glycolate + NAD+
Spinacia oleracea
-
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
r
glycolate + NAD+
Pisum sativum
-
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
Spinacia oleracea
-
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
Pisum sativum
-
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
Pisum sativum
-
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
Spinacia oleracea
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
Petroselinum crispum
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
r
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
-
Spinacia oleracea
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Source Tissue
Commentary
Organism
Textmining
leaf
mutant without cytosolic hydroxypyruvate-metabolizing activity
Hordeum vulgare
-
leaf
-
Nicotiana tabacum
-
leaf
-
Spinacia oleracea
-
leaf
-
Zea mays
-
leaf
-
Pisum sativum
-
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Specific Activity Minimum [µmol/min/mg]
Specific Activity Maximum [µmol/min/mg]
Commentary
Organism
0.05
0.23
NADPH, cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
0.3
1.5
NADH, peroxisomal enzyme type with preference for hydroxypyruvate and NADH as substrates
Spinacia oleracea
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
glycolate + NAD+
-
286418
Spinacia oleracea
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
-
r
glycolate + NAD+
-
286418
Pisum sativum
glyoxylate + NADH
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
-
286418
Spinacia oleracea
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
-
286418
Pisum sativum
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
equilibrium is very far in direction of glycolate formation
286418
Spinacia oleracea
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
equilibrium is very far in direction of glycolate formation
286418
Pisum sativum
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
glyoxylate + NADH
equilibrium is very far in direction of glycolate formation
286418
Nicotiana tabacum
glycolate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
-
286418
Spinacia oleracea
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
-
286418
Pisum sativum
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
-
286418
Petroselinum crispum
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
286418
Spinacia oleracea
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
hydroxypyruvate + NADH
located exclusively in the peroxisomes, prefers NAD+/NADH
286418
Petroselinum crispum
D-glycerate + NAD+
-
-
-
r
Subunits (protein specific)
Subunits
Commentary
Organism
dimer
2 * 38000, cytosolic enzyme with preference for hydroxypyruvate as substrate
Spinacia oleracea
tetramer
4 * 33000, cytosolic enzyme
Spinacia oleracea
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Minimum
pH Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5.8
7.4
the optimal pH for hydroxypyruvate reduction is more acidic than that for glyoxylate reduction
Pisum sativum
5.8
7.4
the optimal pH for hydroxypyruvate reduction is more acidic than that for glyoxylate reduction
Spinacia oleracea
Other publictions for EC 1.1.1.26
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
722899
Ching
Glyoxylate reductase isoform 1 ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
J. Integr. Plant Biol.
54
152-168
2012
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-
1
-
-
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4
-
-
2
-
3
-
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-
3
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2
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4
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1
4
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4
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2
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3
-
-
2
-
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2
2
-
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-
715548
Nunn
Metabolism of pentose sugars i ...
Sulfolobus solfataricus, Sulfolobus solfataricus P2
J. Biol. Chem.
285
33701-33709
2010
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-
1
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2
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2
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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2
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1
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2
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1
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1
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696125
Allan
Role of plant glyoxylate reduc ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Biochem. J.
423
15-22
2009
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1
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2
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3
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3
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3
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4
1
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2
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2
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1
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2
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3
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3
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4
1
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-
1
2
2
1
-
-
684838
Shinoda
A highly specific glyoxylate r ...
Paracoccus sp.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
355
782-787
2007
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-
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
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1
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1
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1
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1
-
1
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1
1
-
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-
-
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685349
Fauvart
Identification of a novel glyo ...
Rhizobium etli, Rhizobium etli CFN42
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
1774
1092-1098
2007
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-
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
3
6
-
6
-
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1
-
-
-
-
-
11
1
1
-
-
4
1
1
-
1
-
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-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
3
6
-
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1
-
-
-
-
11
1
1
-
-
4
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
685901
Hoover
Characteristics of an Arabidop ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Can. J. Bot.
85
883-895
2007
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
-
2
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
-
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
655702
Cregeen
Molecular analysis of the glyo ...
Homo sapiens
Hum. Mutat.
22
497
2003
-
1
-
-
3
-
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-
-
-
-
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2
-
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1
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1
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3
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1
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-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
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-
727414
Ohshima
A novel hyperthermophilic arch ...
Thermococcus litoralis, Thermococcus litoralis DSM 5473
Eur. J. Biochem.
268
4740-4747
2001
-
-
1
-
-
-
5
3
-
-
3
2
-
10
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
6
1
2
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
5
-
3
-
-
3
2
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
6
1
2
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
286417
Rumsby
Identification and expression ...
Homo sapiens
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
1446
383-388
1999
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286416
Giafi
Kinetic analysis and tissue di ...
Homo sapiens
Ann. Clin. Biochem.
35
104-109
1998
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286418
Givan
The enzymic reduction of glyox ...
Hordeum vulgare, Nicotiana tabacum, Petroselinum crispum, Pisum sativum, Spinacia oleracea, Zea mays
Plant Physiol.
100
552-556
1992
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286419
Betsche
Identification and characteria ...
Cyanophora paradoxa, Pisum sativum
Plant Physiol.
98
887-893
1992
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286409
Yokota
Occurrence and subcellular dis ...
Euglena gracilis
Agric. Biol. Chem.
45
15-22
1981
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286408
Hullin
Glyoxylate reductase, two form ...
Pseudomonas fluorescens
Methods Enzymol.
41B
343-348
1975
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286414
Bergmeyer
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Glyoxylate reductase ...
Spinacia oleracea
Methods Enzym. Anal. , 3rd Ed. (Bergmeyer, H. U. , ed. )
2
126-328
1974
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286410
Suzuki
Studies on peroxisomes. IV. in ...
Rattus norvegicus
J. Biochem.
73
1033-1038
1973
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286413
Cerff
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate deh ...
Sinapis alba
Plant Physiol.
51
76-81
1973
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286411
Zelitch
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Glycolic acid oxidase and glyo ...
Nicotiana tabacum, Spinacia oleracea
Methods Enzymol.
1
528-535
1955
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286412
Zelitch
The isolation and action of cr ...
Nicotiana tabacum
J. Biol. Chem.
216
553-575
1955
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286415
Zelitch
Oxidation and reduction of gly ...
Spinacia oleracea
J. Biol. Chem.
201
719-726
1953
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