Information on EC 1.2.1.13 - glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+) (phosphorylating)

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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria, Archaea

EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY
1.2.1.13
-
RECOMMENDED NAME
GeneOntology No.
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+) (phosphorylating)
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+ = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
uni uni ping pong mechanism with an apparent Theorell Chance displacement between 1,3-diphosphoglycerate and phosphate, NAD(P)H on, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate off, 1,3-diphosphoglycerate on, phosphate off, NAD(P)+ off
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+ = 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
REACTION TYPE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
oxidation
-
-
-
-
oxidation
-
-
oxidation
-
-
redox reaction
-
-
-
-
reduction
-
-
-
-
reduction
-
-
reduction
-
-
PATHWAY
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
-
Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
-
Metabolic pathways
-
Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
-
SYSTEMATIC NAME
IUBMB Comments
D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (phosphorylating)
-
SYNONYMS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
A2B2-GAPDH
-
fully active enzyme
A2B2-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
A4-GAPDH
-
-
D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
dehydrogenase, glyceraldehyde phosphate (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate phosphorylating)
-
-
-
-
GapA
-
isozyme
GapA-1
P25856
-
GAPDH
-
-
-
-
GAPDH
Arthrospira platensis P511
-
-
-
GAPDH
P39460
-
-
GAPDH
Synechococcus sp. PCC7942
-
-
-
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP)
-
-
-
-
glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate phosphorylating)
-
-
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-dehydrogenase
Synechococcus sp. PCC7942
-
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehhydrogenase (NADP+) (phoshphorylating)
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehhydrogenase (NADP+) (phoshphorylating)
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
P39460
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
-
-
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
-
-
glyceraldehyde-P dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
GraP-DH
P39460
-
NAD(P)-GAPDH
-
-
-
-
NADP(H)-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
NADP(H)-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Arthrospira platensis P511
-
-
-
NADP+-dependent G-3-P dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
NADP+-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
NADP+-GAPDH
-
-
NADP-dependent GAPDH
-
-
NADP-dependent glyceradehdye-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
NADP-dependent glyceraldehydephosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
NADP-GAPDH
-
-
NADP-GAPDH
Q8J0C9
-
NADP-glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
NADP-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
NADP-GPD
-
-
-
-
NADP-triose phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
-
-
NADPH-D-GA3P
-
-
-
-
NADPH-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
-
-
NAPD-linked glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase
-
-
phosphorylating GAP dehydrogenase
-
-
phosphorylating GAP dehydrogenase
-
-
phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Q8J0C9
-
photosynthetic GAPDH
P25857
-
SSO0528
P39460
locus name
SSO0528
P39460
locus name
-
triosephosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
-
-
-
-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER
COMMENTARY
37250-87-6
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
SEQUENCE CODE
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
Ankistrodesmus braunii
-
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
; isoform GapB
SwissProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
strain P511, formerly Spirulina platensis
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Arthrospira platensis P511
strain P511, formerly Spirulina platensis
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
no activity in Rhodopseudomonas capsulata
-
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
; variant Little Marvel
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Synechococcus PCC7942
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Synechococcus sp. PCC7942
Synechococcus PCC7942
-
-
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
GENERAL INFORMATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
malfunction
-
a deletion mutant strain does not exhibit any growth under gluconeogenic conditions
metabolism
-
the enzyme plays a major role only in gluconeogenesis
physiological function
-
with the aid of the gapC gene, NADPH-dependent production of lycopene and epsilon-caprolactone is enhanced by 150 and 95%, respectively. Especially, overexpression of gapC significantly reduces the carbon flux to the pentose phosphate pathway (80% decrease)
physiological function
-
gluconeogenic pathway
physiological function
-
gluconeogenic pathway
-
SUBSTRATE
PRODUCT                      
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
(Substrate)
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product)
LITERATURE
(Product)
Reversibility
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
show the reaction diagram
P19866
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
P19866
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
the enzyme retains the deuterium at the C4 HA position, removing the hydrogen atom and is therefore a B(pro-S) specific dehydrogenase
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
probable function in CO2 fixation
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
only reaction of the reductive pentose phosphate cycle in chloroplasts that uses as a substrate reducing power, NADPH, that is generated photochemically
-
-
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
enzyme of Benson-Calvin cycle
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
regulatory enzyme of the reductive pentose phosphate cycle
-
-
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde + phosphate + NADP+
D-glyceroylphosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
with 10fold lower efficiency than D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + arsenate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl arsenate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + arsenate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl arsenate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + arsenate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl arsenate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + arsenate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl arsenate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + arsenate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl arsenate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-, Q8J0C9
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH
show the reaction diagram
-
reversible conversion of the NADH-linked enzyme, EC 1.2.1.12, into a form which preferentially uses NADPH as coenzyme in response to cysteine and 1,3-diphosphoglycerate
-
-
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
Vmax/Km for NADP+ is 33fold higher compared to Vmax/Km for NAD+
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-, Q8J0C9
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
show the reaction diagram
-
reversible conversion of the NADH-linked enzyme, EC 1.2.1.12, into a form which preferentially uses NADPH as coenzyme in response to cysteine and 1,3-diphosphoglycerate
-
-
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-, Q93YH6
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
Vmax/Km for NADP+ is 33fold higher compared to Vmax/Km for NAD+
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
Arthrospira platensis P511
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
P39460
-
-
-
?
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
additional information
?
-
-
-
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Ankistrodesmus braunii
-
the daily progress of rise of the enzyme activity in synchronous culture in respect to short time increase of activity by light
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme may be involved in the activation of hexose monophosphate shunt and consequently in regulation of superoxide generation
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
light-induced synthesis of chlorophyll and NADP-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase is inhibited when acetate or ethanol is added at the time of exposure of dark-grown resting cells to light
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
glycerate-1,3-bisphosphate may be channeled from the phosphoglycerate kinase to NADP-linked glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in vivo
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme does not regulate the photosynthesis rhythm
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-, Q8J0C9
the transcription of the gene is upregulated during growth on D-xylose, which suggests that the enzyme is involved in regeneration of NADPH needed for xylose assimilation
-
-
-
NATURAL SUBSTRATES
NATURAL PRODUCTS
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
(Substrate)
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product)
LITERATURE
(Product)
REVERSIBILITY
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
probable function in CO2 fixation
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
only reaction of the reductive pentose phosphate cycle in chloroplasts that uses as a substrate reducing power, NADPH, that is generated photochemically
-
-
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
enzyme of Benson-Calvin cycle
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
regulatory enzyme of the reductive pentose phosphate cycle
-
-
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
?
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NAD+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + phosphate + NADP+
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + NADPH + H+
show the reaction diagram
-
-
-
-
r
additional information
?
-
-
-
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
Ankistrodesmus braunii
-
the daily progress of rise of the enzyme activity in synchronous culture in respect to short time increase of activity by light
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme may be involved in the activation of hexose monophosphate shunt and consequently in regulation of superoxide generation
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
light-induced synthesis of chlorophyll and NADP-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase is inhibited when acetate or ethanol is added at the time of exposure of dark-grown resting cells to light
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
glycerate-1,3-bisphosphate may be channeled from the phosphoglycerate kinase to NADP-linked glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in vivo
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-
the enzyme does not regulate the photosynthesis rhythm
-
-
-
additional information
?
-
-, Q8J0C9
the transcription of the gene is upregulated during growth on D-xylose, which suggests that the enzyme is involved in regeneration of NADPH needed for xylose assimilation
-
-
-
COFACTOR
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
NAD+
-
cofactor
NAD+
-
activity with NADP+ is about 50fold higher than that determined for NAD+
NAD+
-
activity with NADP+ is higher than with NAD+
NAD+
-
reaction stoichiometry of 8:1 for both coenzymes and substrates, formation of the characteristic Racker band upon binding of either NADP+ or NAD+ to the apoenzyme
NAD+
-
reversible conversion of the NADH-linked enzyme, EC 1.2.1.12, into a form which preferentially uses NADPH as coenzyme in response to cysteine and 1,3-diphosphoglycerate
NAD+
-
optimum stimulation of NADPH-dependent dehydrogenase actvity is achieved on incubation of the NADH-specific enzyme with dithiothreitol and NADPH, or dithiothreitol and a 1,3-diphosphoglycerate generating system
NAD+
-
activity with NADP+ is higher than with NAD+; cofactor
NAD+
-
cofactor; NADP+ and NAD+ react with the enzyme at the same catalytic site
NAD+
P25856, P25857
-
NAD+
-
does also accept NAD+ but to a lower degree than NADP+
NAD+
-
Vmax/Km for NADP+ is 33fold higher compared to Vmax/Km for NAD+
NAD+
-
the highest activity is almost equal for NADP+ and NAD+, whereas the affinity for NADP+ is higher than that for NAD+
NADH
-
greater specificity for NADPH than for NADH
NADH
-
the residues Thr33 and Ser188 are involved in NADPH over NADH selectivity
NADP+
-
cofactor
NADP+
-
cofactor
NADP+
-
cofactor; reaction stoichiometry of 8:1 for both coenzymes and substrates, formation of the characteristic Racker band upon binding of either NADP+ or NAD+ to the apoenzyme
NADP+
-
cofactor; reversible conversion of the NADH-linked enzyme, EC 1.2.1.12, into a form which preferentially uses NADPH as coenzyme in response to cysteine and 1,3-diphosphoglycerate
NADP+
-
cofactor; optimum stimulation of NADPH-dependent dehydrogenase actvity is achieved on incubation of the NADH-specific enzyme with dithiothreitol and NADPH, or dithiothreitol and a 1,3-diphosphoglycerate generating system
NADP+
-
cofactor; NADP+ and NAD+ react with the enzyme at the same catalytic site
NADP+
-
cofactor
NADP+
Ankistrodesmus braunii
-
cofactor
NADP+
P25856, P25857
-
NADP+
-
preferred cofactor
NADP+
-
Vmax/Km for NADP+ is 33fold higher compared to Vmax/Km for NAD+
NADP+
-
uses NADP+ in preference to NAD+
NADP+
-
the highest activity is almost equal for NADP+ and NAD+, whereas the affinity for NADP+ is higher than that for NAD+
NADPH
-
greater specificity for NADPH than for NADH
NADPH
-
the residues Thr33 and Ser188 are involved in NADPH over NADH selectivity
NADPH
-
preferred cofactor
NADPH
-
in the gluconeogenic direction, the enzyme shows a strong preference for NADPH, and only negligible activity is detected with NADH
METALS and IONS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
INHIBITORS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
-
6-Hydroxydopamine
-
-
chloroplast protein CP12
-
the chloroplast protein CP12 behaves as a negative regulator of GAPDH activity
-
Cu2+
-
inhibition is reversed by EDTA
cystamine
-
inhibitory when the enzyme is activated by effectors
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
-
GAPDH segregator
-
GAPDS stimulates insulin signaling by segregating the tetrameric GAPDH into monomers, and thereby suppresses the intrinsic GAPDH activation of phosphoinositide's phosphatase activity
-
GAPDH segregator
-
GAPDH segregator, GAPDS, stimulates insulin signaling by segregating the tetrameric GAPDH into monomers, and thereby suppresses the intrinsic GAPDH activation of phosphoinositide's phosphatase activity
-
H2O2
-
rapid reversible deactivation of untreated and GSH-treated enzyme preparation, GSH reverses the inhibition
iodoacetamide
-
-
iodoacetate
-
preincubation with glyceraldehyde-phosphate, 10fold molar excess over iodoacetate, prevents inactivation
NAD+
-
promotes association of the enzyme protomer of 160000 Da into a regulatory conformer of 600000 Da with low NADPH activity during dark deactivation
NAD+
-
a regulatory disulfide between Cys359 and Cys358 of the C-terminal extension of GapB does form in presence of oxidized thioredoxin. This covalent modification is required for the NAD+-dependent association into higher oligomers and inhibition of the NADPH-dependent activity
NADH
-
strong inhibition with excess co-substrate s observed and no activity is observed with over 2 mM NADH
NADPH
-
strong inhibition with excess co-substrate s observed and no activity is observed with over 2 mM NADPH
sulfite
-
non-competitive inhibitor with respect to both NADPH and 3-phosphoglycerate
thioredoxin
-
a regulatory disulfide between Cys359 and Cys358 of the C-terminal extension of GapB does form in presence of oxidized thioredoxin. This covalent modification is required for the NAD+-dependent association into higher oligomers and inhibition of the NADPH-dependent activity
ACTIVATING COMPOUND
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
1,3-diphosphoglycerate
-
stimulates
1,3-diphosphoglycerate
-
the role of the reduction of the enzyme in vivo is to increase its sensitivity towards the activator 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate. The actual activation and aggregation state of the enzyme in chloroplasts in light is regulated by the concentration of 1,3-diphosphoglycerate as activator in the stroma and its actual activity by the availability of 1,3-diphosphoglycerate as substrate
2-mercaptoethanol
-
activation
ATP
-
activation
ATP
-
high concentrations required for stimulation, activation by ATP is unlikely of physiological significance
ATP
-
activation in absence of NAD+, no activation in presence of NAD+
Br-
-
0.6 M, maximal stimulation
cholate
-
activation
Cl-
-
1.0 M, maximal stimulation
Cl3COO2-
-
0.24 M, maximal stimulation
-
ClO4-
-
0.08 M, maximal stimulation
cysteine
-
required for maximal activity
dithiothreitol
-
activation
dithiothreitol
-
activation
dithiothreitol
-
activation; when ATP is also present, the induced enzyme is stabilized
dithiothreitol
-
the rate of induction of NADH-dependent activity by dithiothreitol increases hyperbolically with respect to NADPH concentration, implying that NADPH has more than a stabilising role in the activating process
dithiothreitol
-
the role of the reduction of the enzyme in vivo is to increase its sensitivity towards the activator 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
dithiothreitol
-
activation by dithiothreitol + NADPH
dithiothreitol
-
-
dithiothreitol
-, Q93YH6
full activation with 50 mM dithiothreitol
Ferredoxin
-
enzyme is present throughout the life cycle of the plants, inactive enzyme is converted during greening to an active state by light either via enzyme effectors or via the ferredoxin-thioredoxin system
-
glutathione
-
required for maximal activity
glycerate 1,3-bisphosphate
-
most effective on a molar basis in stimulating NADPH-activity of dark chloroplast extracts and purified enzyme
GSH
-
activates in the physiological concentration range 0.1-2 mM
NADP+
-
activation in absence of NAD+, no activation in presence of NAD+
NADPH
-
activation
NADPH
-
activation in absence of NAD+, no activation in presence of NAD+
phosphate
-
stimulates
SCN-
-
0.05 M, maximal stimulation
thioredoxin
-
enzyme is activated by thioredoxin that is reduced either photochemically with ferredoxin and ferredoxin-thioredoxin reductase or chemically with dithiothreitol
thioredoxin
-
enzyme is present throughout the life cycle of the plants, inactive enzyme is converted during greening to an active state by light either via enzyme effectors or via the ferredoxin-thioredoxin system
I-
-
0.35 M, maximal stimulation
additional information
-
effect of an activator on the enzyme is selectively enhanced by either dithiothreitol-reduced thioredoxin-f or a cosolvent, and is inhibited by spermine
-
additional information
-
addition of organic solvents miscible in water to the activation process enhance the specific activity, cosolvents added during catalysis lower the rate of substrate conversion
-
additional information
-
light activation of the enzyme within leaf chloroplast appears to be modulated by mediators which are reduced by photosynthetic electron flow from the photosystem I reaction center
-
additional information
-
activation being dependent on oligomer dissociating to give protomers. The activation/dissociation process may be brought about by nucleotide binding, by sulfur bridge reduction or modification and by depression of hydrophobic interactions
-
additional information
-
the enzyme requires a high ratio of substrate to phosphate for activation. Mg2+ inhibits light activation of enzymes in intact chloroplasts. The substrate:phosphate ratio in the chloroplast may modulate enzyme activation in the light
-
additional information
-
enzyme is present throughout the life cycle of the plants, inactive enzyme is converted during greening to an active state by light either via enzyme effectors or via the ferredoxin-thioredoxin system
-
additional information
-
complete light activation at 25 W*m-2 photosynthetically active radiation
-
additional information
-
complete light activation at 100 W*m-2 photosynthetically active radiation
-
additional information
-
the light-induced activation of GAPDH is not associated with the presence of ATP
-
additional information
-
no influence on activity is observed on assaying of the enzyme with 5 mM substrate and 0.5 mM co-substrate with 1 mM ATP, ADP, AMP, D-glucose 6-phosphate, D-fructose 6-phosphate, galactose 1-phosphate, D-glucose 1-phosphate or coenzyme A in either the glycolytic or gluconeogenic reaction
-
KM VALUE [mM]
KM VALUE [mM] Maximum
SUBSTRATE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
0.00041
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
pH 6.5, 70C
0.01
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant enzyme T33A/S188A, reaction with NADH
0.012
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant enzyme S188A, reaction with NADH; mutant enzyme T33A, reaction with NADH; mutant enzyme T33A/S188A, reaction with NADPH; native enzyme A3-GAPDH, reaction with NADH
0.012
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant B(E362Q)
0.013
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant enzyme S188A, reaction with NADPH
0.015
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
native enzyme A3-GAPDH, reaction with NADPH
0.015
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
GapA; GapB, analyzed under reducing conditions
0.016
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
with NADH as cofactor, activation by 20 mM dithiothreitol and 0.021 mM 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
0.016
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant B(R77A)
0.018
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant enzyme T33A, reaction with NADPH
0.019
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
A(plusCTE) mutant, analyzed under oxidizing conditions
0.02
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
with NADPH as coenzyme, activation by 20 mM dithiothreitol and 0.021 mM 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
0.02
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
AB-GAPDH, analyzed under reducing conditions; GapB, analyzed under oxidizing conditions
0.021
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
A(plusCTE) mutant, analyzed under reducing conditions
0.022
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
B(minCTE) mutant
0.024
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
AB-GAPDH, analyzed under oxidizing conditions
0.027
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant B(188)A, analyzed under oxidizing conditions
0.031
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
mutant B(188)A, analyzed under reducing conditions
5.8
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 50C
30
-
arsenate
-
-
120
-
arsenate
-
-
0.75
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-, Q8J0C9
pH 9.2, 30C, reaction with NAD+ or NADP+
0.838
-
D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
pH 6.5, 70C
0.21
-
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, with NADP+ as cosubstrate, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
0.5
-
NAD+
-, Q8J0C9
pH 9.2, 30C
2.2
-
NAD+
-
pH 7.5, 50C
16.8
-
NAD+
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
0.01
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R190A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.099
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R197A
0.102
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R82D, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.11
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R197E
0.12
-
NADH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
0.12
-
NADH
-
wild-type enzyme
0.12
-
NADH
-
wild type enzyme, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.136
-
NADH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
0.14
-
NADH
-
native enzyme A3-GAPDH
0.157
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R82A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.168
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme S188A
0.174
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme T33A
0.184
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme T33A/S188A
0.25
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme K128A
0.272
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme K128E
0.29
-
NADH
-
with NADH as coenzyme, activation by 20 mM dithiothreitol and 0.021 mM 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
0.61
-
NADH
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 50C
0.872
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme S195A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.01
-
NADP+
-
-
0.027
-
NADP+
-
-
0.067
-
NADP+
-
pH 7.5, 50C
0.271
-
NADP+
-
pH 6.5, 70C
0.28
-
NADP+
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
0.4
-
NADP+
-, Q8J0C9
pH 9.2, 30C
0.018
-
NADPH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
0.019
-
NADPH
-
B(minCTE) mutant
0.023
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme K128E
0.024
-
NADPH
-
mutant B(188)A, analyzed under oxidizing conditions; mutant B(E362Q)
0.027
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme K128A
0.028
-
NADPH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
0.028
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R197A; wild-type enzyme
0.028
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme S195A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication; wild type enzyme, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.029
-
NADPH
-
native enzyme A3-GAPDH
0.029
-
NADPH
-
GapA
0.03
-
NADPH
-
GapB, analyzed under reducing conditions
0.035
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R197E
0.038
-
NADPH
-
GapB, analyzed under oxidizing conditions
0.043
-
NADPH
-
A(plusCTE) mutant, analyzed under oxidizing conditions
0.044
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme T33A
0.046
-
NADPH
-
mutant B(188)A, analyzed under reducing conditions
0.05
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme S188A; mutant enzyme T33A/S188A
0.05
-
NADPH
-
AB-GAPDH, analyzed under oxidizing conditions; AB-GAPDH, analyzed under reducing conditions
0.06
-
NADPH
-
activation by 20 mM dithiothreitol and 0.021 mM 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
0.065
-
NADPH
-
A(plusCTE) mutant, analyzed under reducing conditions
0.074
-
NADPH
-
pH 6.5, 70C
0.078
-
NADPH
-
mutant B(R77A)
0.18
-
NADPH
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 50C
0.202
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R82D, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
0.3
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R82A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
10.7
-
phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, with NADP+ as cosubstrate, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
40
-
phosphate
-
-
50
-
phosphate
-
-
409
-
phosphate
-
pH 6.5, 70C
0.77
-
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, with NAD+ as cosubstrate, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
additional information
-
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
additional information
-
no Michaelis-Menten kinetics with 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate
-
TURNOVER NUMBER [1/s]
TURNOVER NUMBER MAXIMUM[1/s]
SUBSTRATE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
40
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
pH 7.7, 30C, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, reaction with NADH
88
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
pH 7.7, 30C, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, reaction with NADH
223
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
pH 7.7, 30C, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, reaction with NADPH
8.4
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R190A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
32
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme S188A
37
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme T33A
40
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme K128A
41
-
NADH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
41
-
NADH
-
native enzyme A3-GAPDH
48
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme T33A/S188A
56
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme K128E
71
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R82A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
104
-
NADH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
104
-
NADH
-
wild-type enzyme
104
-
NADH
-
wild type enzyme, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
108
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R197A
119
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme S195A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
135
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R82D, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
137
-
NADH
-
mutant enzyme R197E
32
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme S188A
42
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme T33A/S188A
52
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme T33A
61
-
NADPH
-
native enzyme A3-GAPDH
161
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme K128E
196
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R82A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
203
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R82D, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
210
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme S195A, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
220
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme K128A; mutant enzyme R197E
251
-
NADPH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
392
-
NADPH
-
mutant enzyme R197A
430
-
NADPH
-
pH 7.7, 30C, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase
430
-
NADPH
-
wild-type enzyme
430
-
NADPH
-
wild type enzyme, pH and temperature not specified in the publication
419
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
pH 7.7, 30C, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, reaction with NADPH
additional information
-
additional information
-
catalytic rate constant 238 s-1, control; catalytic rate constant 289 s-1, 3 microM 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate, NADPH-dependent activity of GAPDH in the GAPDH/CP12 complex; catalytic rate constant 316 s-1, 160 microM 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate, NADPH-dependent activity of GAPDH in the GAPDH/CP12 complex; catalytic rate constant 330 s-1, 10 microM thioredoxin, NADPH-dependent activity of GAPDH in the GAPDH/CP12 complex; catalytic rate constant 390 s-1, 10 microM thioredoxin, 3 microM 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate, NADPH-dependent activity of GAPDH in the GAPDH/CP12 complex; catalytic rate constant 462 s-1, 10 microM thioredoxin, 160 microM 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate, NADPH-dependent activity of GAPDH in the GAPDH/CP12 complex
-
Ki VALUE [mM]
Ki VALUE [mM] Maximum
INHIBITOR
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
49.1
-
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 50C
2.8
-
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, with NAD+ as cosubstrate, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
13.1
-
DL-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
-
wild type enzyme, with NADP+ as cosubstrate, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
10.7
-
NAD+
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
0.081
-
NADH
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 50C
0.75
-
NADP+
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 60C
0.035
-
NADPH
-
wild type enzyme, in 50 mM EPPS/NaOH (pH 8.0), 20 mM potassium phosphate, at 50C
IC50 VALUE [mM]
IC50 VALUE [mM] Maximum
INHIBITOR
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
IMAGE
0.008
-
6-Hydroxydopamine
-
-
0.015
-
GAPDH segregator
-
GAPDS inhibts the glycolytic enzymatic function of GAPDH
-
SPECIFIC ACTIVITY [µmol/min/mg]
SPECIFIC ACTIVITY MAXIMUM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
0.0602
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, control, 39.6% of control value, Lutescens 758, seedlings
0.0759
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, Kartolin-4, 50.5% of control value, Lutescens 758, seedlings
0.076
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, control, 50.1% of control value, Lutescens 758, seedlings
0.0843
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, control, 25.4% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, seedlings
0.0916
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, Kartolin-4, 61.0% of control value, Lutescens 758, seedlings
0.1103
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, BAP, 33.2% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, seedlings
0.1169
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, TDZ, 35.2% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, seedlings
0.123
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 2 weeks, control, 51.0% of control value, Lutescens 758, leaves
0.1265
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, Kartolin-2, 38.1% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, seedlings
0.1457
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, control, 60.4% of control value, Lutescens 758, leaves
0.1502
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, original Kartolin-4, 100% of control value, Lutescens 758, seedlings
0.152
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, original control, 100% of control value, Lutescens 758, seedlings
0.2002
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 2 weeks, Kartolin-4, 79.9% of control value, Lutescens 758, leaves
0.2153
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, Kartolin-4, 86.0% of control value, Lutescens 758, leaves
0.2412
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, original, control, 100% of control value, Lutescens 758, leaves
0.2503
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, original, Kartolin-4, 100% of control value, Lutescens 758, leaves
0.3321
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, original, control, 100% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, seedlings
0.7602
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 2 weeks, control, 62.2% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
0.8568
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 2 weeks, TDZ, 69.9% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
0.86
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 2 weeks, BAP, 70.1% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
0.9806
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, control, 80.1% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
0.9878
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 2 weeks, Kartolin-2, 80.7% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
0.9989
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, TDZ, 80.8% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
1.101
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, control, 89.9% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves; effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, BAP, 89.9% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
1.11
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, stress, 1 day, Kartolin-2, 90.1% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
1.138
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, TDZ, 94.0% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
1.145
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, BAP, 94.5% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
1.187
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, rehydration, Kartolin-2, 97.8% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
1.224
-
-
effect of water stress on the activity, original, control, 100% of control value, Mironovskaya 808, leaves
4.97
-
-
pH 7.5, 50C
13.92
-
-
NAD+-dependent activity
15.4
-
-
NADP+-dependent activity
85
-
-
-
740
-
-
NADH-enzyme activity
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
-
-
additional information
-
-
-
pH OPTIMUM
pH MAXIMUM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
6.5
-
-
assay at
7
-
-
oxidation of D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate
7.5
-
-
assay at
7.7
-
-
native enzyme, reaction with NADPH
7.8
-
-
native and recombinant enzyme, reaction with NADH
7.9
-
-
recombinant enzyme, reaction with NADPH
7.9
-
-
activity assay
7.9
-
-
activity assay
8
8.8
-
both directions
8
-
-
reduction of 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
8.3
-
-
activity assay
8.5
8.8
-
-
8.5
-
-
both directions
10.5
-
-
at 60C
pH RANGE
pH RANGE MAXIMUM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
7
9.1
-
pH 7.0: about 40% of maximal activity, pH 9.1: about 90% of maximal activity
TEMPERATURE OPTIMUM
TEMPERATURE OPTIMUM MAXIMUM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
25
-
-
activity assay
30
-
-
activity assay
30
-
-
activity assay
SOURCE TISSUE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
SOURCE
P25856, P25857
very low activity
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
P25856, P25857
expression of isoforms GapA-1, GapB and phosphoribulokinase and peptide Cp12-2 is co-ordinately regulated with the same organ specificity, all four genes being mostly expressed in leaf and flower stalk, less expressed in flower, and little or not expressed in roots and siliques. Expression in leaf is terminated during prolonged darkness or following sucrose treatment, and their transcripts decay with similar kinetics; tissue with highest activity
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
minimal activity in leaf primordia, which are enclosed in the bud, a gradient of increasing activity along the leaf blade as leaves expand out of the bud and are exposed to light, further modest increase to a maximum level of activity as leaves attain full expansion, decrease in activity as mature, fully expanded leaves become senescent
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
P25856, P25857
expression of isoforms GapA-1, GapB and phosphoribulokinase and peptide Cp12-2 is co-ordinately regulated with the same organ specificity, all four genes being mostly expressed in leaf and flower stalk, less expressed in flower, and little or not expressed in roots and siliques. Expression in leaf is terminated during prolonged darkness or following sucrose treatment, and their transcripts decay with similar kinetics; tissue with highest activity. Expression is terminated during prolonged darkness or following sucrose treatments
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
mouse neuroblastoma cell line
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
additional information
P25856, P25857
expression of isoforms GapA-1, GapB and phosphoribulokinase and peptide Cp12-2 is co-ordinately regulated with the same organ specificity, all four genes being mostly expressed in leaf and flower stalk, less expressed in flower, and little or not expressed in roots and siliques. Expression in leaf is terminated during prolonged darkness or following sucrose treatment, and their transcripts decay with similar kinetics
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
LOCALIZATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
GeneOntology No.
LITERATURE
SOURCE
P25856, P25857
; isoform GapB
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
ferredoxin-NADP-reductase EC 1.18.1.2 and GAPD are co-localized, suggesting that ferredoxin-NADP-reductase might carry FADH2 or NADPH from the thylakoid membrane to GAPD, or that ferredoxin might carry electrons to ferredoxin-NADP-reductase; GAPD is colocalized with ferredoxin-NAPD reductase in chloroplasts
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
nucleus of hypodermis
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
MOLECULAR WEIGHT
MOLECULAR WEIGHT MAXIMUM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
15000
-
-
GAPDH III, gel filtration
38000
-
-
calculated; SDS-PAGE and immunoblot
38000
-
-
SDS-PAGE
132000
-
-
GapA, estimated by gel filtration
148000
-
-
gel filtration
148300
-
-
sedimentation analysis
151000
-
-
B(minCTE) mutant, estimated by gel filtration
152000
-
-
native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in complex with the small protein CP12, gel filtration
155000
-
-
gel filtration
155000
-
-
recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, gel filtration
189000
-
-
tetrameric conformation of GAPDH-A2B2 stabilized by NADPH, estimated by gel filtration
200000
-
-
gel filtration
210000
-
-
gel filtration
232000
-
-
GapB mutant B(E326Q) in the presence of NADPH, estimated by gel filtration
243000
-
-
wild-type GapB, tetramer in the presence of NADPH, estimated by gel filtration
247000
-
-
GapB mutant B(S188A) in the presence of NADPH, estimated by gel filtration
270000
-
-
A(plusCTE) mutant, tetramer in the presence of NADPH, estimated by gel filtration
278000
-
-
GapB mutant B(R77A) in the presence of NADPH, estimated by gel filtration
300000
-
-
GAPDH II, gel filtration
491000
-
-
wild-type GapB in the presence of NADH, compatible with octameric structure, estimated by gel filtration
520000
-
-
GapB mutant B(E326Q) in the presence of NADH, compatible with octameric structure, estimated by gel filtration; GapB mutant B(R77A) in the presence of NADH, compatible with octameric structure, estimated by gel filtration
553000
-
-
GapB mutant B(S188A) in the presence of NADH, compatible with octameric structure, estimated by gel filtration
600000
-
-
GAPDH I, gel filtration
600000
-
-
equilibrium sedimentation
760000
-
-
oligomer of GAPDH in the presence of NADH, suggesting A8B8 stoichiometry, estimated by gel filtration
820000
-
-
gel filtration
SUBUNITS
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
?
-
x * 39355, subunit A, + x * 36225, subunit B, calculation from amino acid sequence
?
-
x * 39000, SDS-PAGE
?
-
x * 43000 + x * 37000, excess of the lighter subunit, GAPDH II, SDS-PAGE; x * 43000 + x * 37000, molar ratio of the subunits is 1:1, GAPDH I, SDS-PAGE
?
-
x * 43000 + x * 37000, SDS-PAGE
?
-, Q8J0C9
x * 40000, SDS-PAGE
?
-
x * 37596, calculated from sequence
?
-
x * 39500, SDS-PAGE
?
-
x * 38000, SDS-PAGE
?
-
x * 38000, SDS-PAGE
-
heteromer
-
AB isoform
heterotetramer
-
fully active enzyme
homotetramer
-
A4 isoform
homotetramer
-
-
homotetramer
-
4 * 37500, calculated from amino acid sequence; 4 * 38000, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 45000, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 39000, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 41000, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 37000, GAPDH III, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 38000, isoenzyme 2, SDS-PAGE; A2B2, 2 * 38000 + 2 * 42000, isoenzyme 1, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 38000, isoenzyme 2, SDS-PAGE; A2B2, 2 * 38000 + 2 * 40000, isoenzyme I, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 36000, isoenzyme 2, SDS-PAGE; A2B2, 2 * 36000 + 2 * 39000, isoenzyme 1, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 38000, isoenzyme 2, SDS-PAGE; A2B2, 2 * 38000 + 2 * 39000, isoenzyme 1, SDS-PAGE
tetramer
-
4 * 36854, native A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, MALDI-TOF; 4 * 37072, recombinant A4 glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, MALDI-TOF
tetramer
-
composed of very similar A and B subunits, appear to hybridize most likely forming a family of five tetramers, A4, A3B, A2B2, AB3 and B4
tetramer
-
4 * 37581, calculated from sequence; 4 * 37611, laser desorption mass spectrophotometry; 4 * 39500, SDS-PAGE
monomer
-
1 * 42000, SDS-PAGE
additional information
-
structural characterization of the subunits, the subunits have a very similar amino acid composition
additional information
-
-
additional information
-
subunit A and B are very similar in primary sequence
additional information
-
NAD(P)-controlled aggregation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP) is due primarily to enzyme association with a separate binding fraction rather than to enzyme polymerization
additional information
-
enzyme is freely interconvertible between protomers of the 160000 Da form or the 300000 Da intermediate form with high NADPH-activity, produced in the light by the action of thioredoxin and activating metabolites, and a regulatory 600000 Da conformer with lower NADPH-activity produced in darkness or when photosynthesis is inhibited
additional information
-
-
Crystallization/COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
in presence and absence of NADP+, to 2.6 A and 1.74 A resolution, respectively
-
crystal structure of the non-regulatory A(4) isoform of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase complexed with NADP+
-
hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method is used to grow crystals of recombinant A4-GAPDH, T33A and S188A A4-GAPDH mutants complexed with NADP+
-
molecular docking of ferredoxin-NADP-reductase EC 1.18.1.2 and GAPD. enzymes are able to form at least two different complexes, one involving a single GAPD monomer and an ferredoxin-NADP-reductase monomer or dimer. The amino acid residues located at the putative interface are highly conserved on the chloroplastic forms of both enzymes. The other potential complex involves the GAPD A2B2 tetramer and an FNR monomer or dimer. Ferredoxin is able to interact with FNR in either complex
-
sitting drop vapour diffusion method with 2.0-2.5 M or 1.5-1.2 M ammonium sulfate and 0.1 M potassium phosphate (pH 7.0-8.0)
-
two crystal forms of the A4-GAPDH isoform are used to solve the structure of the apo form to a resolution of 3.0 A
-
crystallized from ammonium sulfate to produce crystals that diffract to 2.4 A with a space group of P4(3)2(1)2 or P4(1)2(1)2
-
determination of the crystal structure of the apoenzyme by multiple isomorphous replacement at 2.05 A resolution, hanging drop technique. The crystals belong to space group P4(1)2(1)2 or its enantiomorph with cell dimensions a = b = 102.3 A, c = 181.6 A, which contract upon cryocooling at 100 K to a = b = 101.6 A, c = 179.9 A. The asymmetric unit contains two subunits with a molecular mass of 37611 Da
-
the structure of NADP-dependent GAPDH in complex with NADP is solved by molecular replacement and refined to an R factor of 19.1% and a free R factor of 24% at 2.5 A resolution
-
the crystal structure of apo-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is solved by molecular replacement and refined to an R of 21.7% and Rfree of 27.5% at 2.9 A resolution
-
TEMPERATURE STABILITY
TEMPERATURE STABILITY MAXIMUM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
70
-
-
40 min, stable
75
-
-
stable up to
80
-
-
half life: 17 h
80
-
-
activity half-life: 17 h. The thermostability of the enzyme can be attributed to a combination of an ion pair cluster and an intrasubunit disulfide bond
87
-
-
half-life: 45 min
90
-
-
stabilized by NADP+ and at high ionic strength up to 90C
95
-
-
30 min, complete inactivation
96
-
-
half-life: 130 min
97
-
-
half-life: 65 min
100
-
-
half-life: 44 min
100
-
-
half-life: 35 min
104
-
-
half-life: 9 min without stabilizer, stable for 30 min in presence of 250 mM potassium citrate
additional information
-
-
sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium sulfate, potassium sulfate, sodium phosphate, potassium phosphate, sodium citrate and potassium citrate stabilize against thermal inactivation at 104C. K+ is more effective than Na+ with respect to anion
additional information
-
-
the efficiency of salts stabilizing against thermal inactivation at a specific ionic strength decrease in the order: potassium phosphate, sodium phosphate, potassium sulfate, sodium sulfate, sodium citrate, potassium chloride, sodium chloride
GENERAL STABILITY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
the enzyme is stabilized by glycerol, several salts, especially sodium or potassium phosphate
-
OXIDATION STABILITY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
very sensitive to modification by H2O2, NAD+ promotes inactivation
-
654427
oxidation typically leads to about 50% inhibition of the NADPH-dependent activity
-
689747
STORAGE STABILITY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
4C, GAPDH I is stable for several months, GAPDH II and GAPDH III spontaneously lose activity
-
4C, pH 8.5, protein concentration 2.5 mg/ml, apoprotein, complete loss of activity after 48 h
-
Purification/COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
DEAE Trisacryl column chromatography
-
recombinant and native GAPDH are purified to apparent homogeneity from Escherichia coli cells and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, respectively
-
gel filtration
-, Q93YH6
2 isoenzymes: 1 and 2
-
by Ni2+ chelate chromatography and pH-shift under denaturating conditions
-
2 isoenzymes: 1 and 2
-
2 isoenzymes: 1 and 2
-
3 enzyme forms: GAPDH I, GAPDH II, GAPDH III
-
native and recombinant enzyme
-
purified from spinach leaves
-
using a Q-Sepharose HP and a MonoQ anion-exchange column
-
heat treatment at 80C is an effective first step in the purification of these recombinant enzymes from extracts of the Escherichia coli host
-
HisTrap column chromatography and Superdex 200 gel filtration
-
cell-free preparations for measuring the enzyme activities are obtained
-
Cloned/COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cells
-
overexpression in Escherichia coli
-
expressed in Escherichia coli
-
expression in Escherichia coli
-
expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant AG2 with deletion of NAD+-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene GPD2
-
cloned in vector pJF118EH and expressed in Escherichia coli
-
into the pJC45Flag vector for expression in the Escherichia coli strain PAPlaclQ DE3, into the vaccination vector pcDNA3.1+ for transformation of DH5alpha cells
-
expressed in Escherichia coli
-
expression in Escherichia coli BL21
-
into the pET29 vector for expression in Escherichia coli BL21DE3 cells
-
expression in Escherichia coli
-
expression in Escherichia coli. The phosphoglycerate kinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes from Sulfolobus solfataricus overlap by 8-bp
-
overexpression in Escherichia coli
-
expressed in Escherichia coli C43 (DE3) cells
-
EXPRESSION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
LITERATURE
expression of isoforms GapA-1, GapB and phosphoribulokinase and peptide Cp12-2 is co-ordinately regulated with the same organ specificity, all four genes being mostly expressed in leaf and flower stalk, less expressed in flower, and little or not expressed in roots and siliques. Expression in leaf is terminated during prolonged darkness or following sucrose treatment, and their transcripts decay with similar kinetics
P25856, P25857
ATP, ADP, AMP, D-glucose 6-phosphate and galactose 1-phosphate exhibit no effect on enzyme activity
-
a slight increase in enzyme activity is observed in the presence of D-fructose 6-phosphate and coenzyme A (1.1fold)
-
ENGINEERING
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
K128A
-
Km-value for NADPH is nearly identical to wild-type value, turnover-number for NADPH is decreased about 2fold. Km-value for NADH is increased 2.1fold compared to wild-type enzyme, turnover-number for NADH is decreased 2.6fold
K128E
-
Km-value for NADPH is about 80% of the wild-type value, turnover-number for NADPH is decreased 2.7fold. Km-value for NADH is increased 2.3fold compared to wild-type enzyme, turnover-number for NADH is decreased 1.9fold
R190A
-
the catalytic constant, kcat, of the mutant in the presence of NADH decreases 10fold while the Km for NADH decreases 12fold. The mutant shows no activity with NADPH
R197A
-
Km-value for NADPH is identical to wild-type value, turnover-number for NADPH is about 90% of the wild-type value. Km-value for NADH is about 80% of the wild-type value, turnover-number for NADH is nearly identical to wild-type value
R197E
-
Km-value for NADPH is increased 1.3fold compared to wild-type enzyme, turnover-number for NADPH is decreased 2fold. Km-value for NADH is about 90% of the wild-type value, turnover-number for NADH is increased 1.3fold
R82A
-
the mutation leads to a 10fold increase in the Km for NADPH but does not affect the kinetics of NADH
R82D
-
the mutation leads to a 10fold increase in the Km for NADPH but does not affect the kinetics of NADH
S195A
-
the mutation has no effect on the affinity of the enzyme for NADPH and its affinity for NADH and for BPGA in the presence of NADH is reduced
C151S
-
mutant, substituting Ser for Cys at position 151 of GAPDH results in no binding to the cells, no decreased cell-spreading efficiency and no cell morphological changes
Y123W
-
increase of temperature of irreversible inactivation by 1.3C
Y323S
-
decrease of temperature of irreversible inactivation by 4.5C
C151S
-
mutant, substituting Ser for Cys at position 151 of GAPDH results in no binding to the cells, no decreased cell-spreading efficiency and no cell morphological changes
A(plusCTE)
-
chimeric mutant for testing the regulatory function of CTE
B(E326Q)
-
site specific mutant of the GAPDH B-subunit
B(minCTE)
-
deletion mutant for testing the regulatory function of CTE
B(R77A)
-
site specific mutant of the GAPDH B-subunit
B(S188A)
-
site specific mutant of the GAPDH B-subunit
C18S
-
mutant of GapB subunit still shows stron redox regulation
C274S
-
mutant of GapB subunit still shows stron redox regulation
C285S
-
mutant of GapB subunit still shows stron redox regulation
C349S
-
mutant of GapB subunit is less redox-sensitive than GapB. Active tetramer, unable to aggregate to higher oligomers in presence of NAD+
C349S/C358S
-
mutant of GapB subunit is less redox-sensitive than GapB. Active tetramer, unable to aggregate to higher oligomers in presence of NAD+
c358S
-
mutant of GapB subunit is less redox-sensitive than GapB. Active tetramer, unable to aggregate to higher oligomers in presence of NAD+
D351N
-
the mutation only marginally affects the redox sensitivity
E356Q
-
the mutation only marginally affects the redox sensitivity
E356Q/E357Q
-
complete redox insensitivity is achieved in the double mutant
E357Q
-
the mutation only marginally affects the redox sensitivity
S188A
-
affinity for NADPH is significantly decreased, decrease in the ratio of turnover number to Km-value in the NADPH-dependent reaction, significant expansion of the A4-tetramer
T33A
-
affinity for NADPH is significantly decreased, turnover-number for NADPH is lowered
T33A/S188A
-
affinity for NADPH is significantly decreased, turnover-number for NADPH is lowered
K225A
-
K225 is critical for binding of GAPDH to Siah1, an ubiquitin-E3-ligase, eliciting the translocation of GAPDH to the nucleus
additional information
-
construction of hybrid enzymes between the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases from the mesophilic Methanobacterium bryantii and the thermophilic Methanothermus fervidus
APPLICATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT ACCESSION NO.
COMMENTARY
LITERATURE
medicine
-
the results suggest that GAPDH is an active regulator in the phosphoinositide-mediated signaling pathway and a potential new target for insulin resistance treatment, diabetes, obesity and aging research
medicine
-
results suggest that GAPDH may have a common role in modulating the pathophysiology of polyQ diseases like the Huntington desease
medicine
-
Onchocerca volvulus antigens possibly involved in protection against human onchocerciasis, GAPDH as a therapeutic target in helminth infections
medicine
-
the results suggest that GAPDH is an active regulator in the phosphoinositide-mediated signaling pathway and a potential new target for insulin resistance treatment, diabetes, obesity and aging research