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Contains FAD. The enzyme, characterized from the millipede Chamberlinius hualienensis, is segregated from its substrate, which is contained in special sacs. The sacs are ruptured during defensive behavior, allowing the enzyme and substrate to mix in special reaction chambers leading to production of the defensive chemical benzoyl cyanide.
the enzyme stoichiometrically catalyzes oxygen consumption and synthesis of benzoyl cyanide and hydrogen peroxide from mandelonitrile. The enzymatic activity is suppressed at a blood pH of 7, and the enzyme is segregated by membranes of defensive sacs from its substrate mandelonitrile which has a pH of 4.6, the optimum pH for ChuaMOX activity. Strong body muscle contractions are necessary for de novo synthesis of benzoyl cyanide