1.1.1.2: alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+)

This is an abbreviated version, for detailed information about alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+), go to the full flat file.

Reaction

a primary alcohol
+
NADP+
=
an aldehyde
+
NADPH
+
H+

Synonyms

2 Adh, 3-DG-reducing enzyme, AAur_2040, ADH, ADH-1, ADH-2, ADH-I, ADH-II, ADH2, Adh319, ADH4, Adh6, AdhA, AdhB, AKR1A1, AKR1A4, alcohol dehydrogenase C, alcohol dehydrogenase [NADP(+)], Alcohol dehydrogenase [NADP+], aldehyde reductase, aldehyde reductase (NADPH2), aldehyde/ketone reductase, aldo-keto reductase, Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member A1, aldose reductase, ALDR, alipathic aldehyde reductase, ALR, ALR 1, ALR1, BdhA, bovine brain aldehyde reductase, D-glucuronate reductase, daunorubicin reductase, DRD, EhADH1, Gre2p, hexogenate dehydrogenase, high-Km aldehyde reductase, HvADH2, L-hexonate dehydrogenase, LB-RADH, LBADH, liver alcohol dehydrogenase, low-Km aldehyde reductase, mevaldate reductase, Mpd1, NADP(H)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase, NADP-alcohol dehydrogenase, NADP-aldehyde reductase, NADP-dependent aldehyde reductase, NADP-linked aryl alcohol dehydrogenase, NADPH-aldehyde reductase, NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent FALDR, NADPH-dependent fatty aldehyde reductase, NADPH-linked aldehyde reductase, nonspecific succinic semialdehyde reductase, Octopine dehydrogenase, putative iron alcohol dehydrogenase, PyAeADHII, rabbit kidney aldehyde-ketone reductase, RADH, ScADHVI, short-chain ADH, short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase, short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase, TBADH, TbADH1, Teth39_1597, Teth514_0564, TPN-L-hexonate dehydrogenase, TPNH-linked aldehyde reductase, TPNH-specific aldehyde reductase, triphosphopyridine nucleotide-linked aldehyde reductase, TsAdh319, Y63 protein, yeast alcohol dehydrogenase, YqhD

ECTree

     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.1 Acting on the CH-OH group of donors
             1.1.1 With NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor
                1.1.1.2 alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+)

Organic Solvent Stability

Organic Solvent Stability on EC 1.1.1.2 - alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+)

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ORGANIC SOLVENT
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
acetonitrile
-
62% remaining activity at 10% after 72 h at 5C, 34% at 5C, rapid inactivation at 50C and 30%
DMSO
-
78% remaining activity at 30% after 72 h at 5C, inactivation within 24 h at 50C and 30%
isopropanol
solvent-tolerant enzyme, highly efficient reduction of ketones by coupling with excess isopropanol to regenerate NADPH
Methanol
tetrahydrofuran
-
at 5C, 32% activity remaining after 24 h, 7% after 72 h at 5% THF, 12% remaining activity at 10% THF after 24 h, inactivation within 72 h at 10% THF, and within 24 h at 30%THF
additional information
-
longterm effects of organic solvents at 5C and 50C, overview. High concentration of salt, essential to maintain the enzymatic activity and structural integrity of the halophilic enzyme under standard conditions may be partially replaced by DMSO and MeOH. Presence of organic solvents does not induce gross changes in substrate specificity