1.1.1.195: cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase

This is an abbreviated version, for detailed information about cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase, go to the full flat file.

Reaction

cinnamyl alcohol
+
NADP+
=
cinnamaldehyde
+
NADPH
+
H+

Synonyms

ADH, AdhA, alcohol dehydrogenase, AtCAD4, BdCAD1, Bmr6, Bradi3g06480, brown midrib6, Brown-midrib 1 protein, CAD, CAD 7/8, CAD1, CAD10, CAD11, CAD12, CAD13, CAD14, CAD15, CAD2, CAD3, CAD4, CAD5, CAD6, CAD7, CAD8, CAD9, CADH I, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 1, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 12, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 2, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 3, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 4, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 5, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 7, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase 9, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase C, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenases, CtCAD1, CtCAD2, CtCAD3, dehydrogenase, cinnamyl alcohol, FC1, FLEXIBLE CULM1, HcCAD1, HcCAD2, LlCAD2, LtuCAD1, More, Mt-CAD1, Mt-CAD2, PhCAD1, PhCAD2, PhCAD3, PhCAD4, PtoCAD1, PtoCAD12, PtoCAD2, PtoCAD3, PtoCAD5, PtoCAD6, PtoCAD7, PtoCAD8, PtoCAD9, ScAdh6p, TaCAD12

ECTree

     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.1 Acting on the CH-OH group of donors
             1.1.1 With NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor
                1.1.1.195 cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase

Expression

Expression on EC 1.1.1.195 - cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase

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EXPRESSION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
ethylene induces the expression of CmCADs
-
expression of isoform CAD3 is strongly up-regulated in tea plants after Ectropic oblique attack and mechanical damage. Presence of abscisic acid induces isoform CAD3 expression; methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid elevate the expression of isoform CAD1; methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid elevate the expression of isoform CAD2
gene transcripts are highly induced by cold, wounding, and reactive oxygen species. Promoter activity is strongly induced in response to the biotic and abiotic stresses, with the strongest inducer being wounding, and is also induced by salicylic acid and jasmonic acid as well as by abscisic acid and 6-benzylaminopurine
H2O2 and drought stress, and slightly also abscisic acid induce CAD1 expression; wounding, cold, H2O2, salt, and drought stresses, salicylic acid, and abscisic acid induce CAD1 expression
inoculation of sugarcane stems with Sporisorium scitamineum elicits lignification and produces significant increases of coniferyl alcohol dehydrogenase and sinapyl alcohol dehydrogenase
methyljasmonate, and drought stress suppress CAD1 expression; wounding, methyljasmonate, and cold stress suppress CAD1 expression
mRNA is highly expressed in stems at the elongation and heading stages. At the milky stage of wheat, CAD1 mRNA abundance, protein level and enzyme activity in stem tissues are higher in lodging-resistant cultivar H4546 than in lodging-sensitive cultivar C6001
presence of abscisic acid does not induce isoform CAD2 expression
presence of Zn2+ is essential for the expression of enzyme, as no expression is observed in absence of Zn2+
the CAD genes are strongly upregulated by methyljasmonate, transcriptome analysis, overview; the CAD genes are strongly upregulated by methyljasmonate, transcriptome analysis, overview. Accumulation of ptox and lignin in PhCAD1-4 isoforms overexpressing transgenic lines, overview
-
the enzyme is induced by infection with Rhizoctonia cerealis, a necrotrophic fungus that causes the sharp eyespot disease in wheat. Transcriptional levels of TaCAD12 in sharp eyespot-resistant wheat lines are significantly higher compared with those in susceptible wheat lines; the transcriptional levels of the enzyme in sharp eyespot-resistant wheat lines are significantly higher compared with those in susceptible wheat lines
the expression of isoforms CAD1 and CAD2 is induced by methyl jasmonic acid treatment; the expression of PaCAD1 is induced by methyl jasmonic acid (MeJA) treatment by about 2fold; the expression of PaCAD2 is induced by methyl jasmonic acid (MeJA) treatment by up to 7fold
treatment of seedling with exogenous abscisic acid, salicylic acid, ethephon, ultraviolet and wounding leads to increase in expression